Empress Xiaogongren

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Empress Xiaogongren
Empress dowager of Qing
Tenure December 1722 – 25 June 1723
Predecessor Empress Xiaohuizhang
Empress Xiaokangzhang
Successor Empress Xiaoshengxian
Born (1660-04-28)28 April 1660
(順治十七年 三月 十九日)
Died 25 June 1723(1723-06-25) (aged 63)
(雍正元年 五月 二十三日)
Yonghe Palace, Forbidden City
Burial Jing Mausoleum, Eastern Qing tombs
Kangxi Emperor
(d. 1722)
Issue Yinzhen
Posthumous name
Empress Xiaogong Xuanhui Wensu Dingyu Cichun Qinmu Zantian Chengsheng Ren
House Uya (烏雅; by birth)
Aisin Gioro (by marriage)
Father Weiwu (威武)
Empress Xiaogongren
Traditional Chinese 孝恭仁皇后
Simplified Chinese 孝恭仁皇后

Empress Xiaogongren (28 April 1660 – 25 June 1723), of the Manchu Plain Yellow Banner Uya clan, was a consort of the Kangxi Emperor.


Empress Xiaogongren's personal name was not recorded in history. Her family originally served as Booi Aha of the Plain Yellow Banner.


  • From 28 April 1660: Lady Uya
  • From February/March 1673[1]: Lady-in-waiting (宮女)
  • From 15 November 1679[2]: Concubine De (德嬪)
  • From 28 January 1682[3]: Consort De (德妃)
  • From December 1722: Empress Dowager Renshou (仁壽皇太后)
  • From August/September 1723[4]: Empress Xiaogongren (孝恭仁皇后)


  • Yinzhen (胤禛; 13 December 1678 – 8 October 1735), the Kangxi Emperor's 11th (fourth) son, enthroned on 27 December 1722 as the Yongzheng Emperor
  • Yinzuo (胤祚; 5 March 1680 – 15 June 1685), the Kangxi Emperor's 14th (sixth) son
  • Unnamed daughter (5 July 1682 – September 1682), the Kangxi Emperor's seventh daughter
  • Princess Wenxian of the First Rank (固倫溫憲公主; 10 November 1683 – August/September 1702), the Kangxi Emperor's ninth (fifth) daughter, married Shun'anyan (舜安顏) of the Manchu Tunggiya clan in October/November 1700
  • Unnamed daughter (14 June 1686 – February/March 1697), the Kangxi Emperor's 12th (seventh) daughter
  • Yunti (允禵; 10 February 1688 – 16 February 1755), the Kangxi Emperor's 23rd (14th) son, granted the title Prince Xun of the Second Rank in 1748, posthumously honoured as Prince Xunqin of the Second Rank

In fiction and popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 康熙十二年 正月
  2. ^ 康熙十八年 十月 十三日
  3. ^ 康熙二十年 十二月 二十日
  4. ^ 雍正元年 八月


  • Hummel, Arthur W. (1943). Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period (1644-1912). United States Government Printing Office.
  • Ropp, Paul Stanley; Zamperini, Paola; Zurndorfer, Harriet Thelma (2001). Passionate Women: Female Suicide in Late Imperial China (Reprint ed.). BRILL. ISBN 9004120181.
  • Wan, Yi; Shuqing, Wang; Yanzhen, Lu; Scott, Rosemary E. (1988). Daily Life in the Forbidden City: The Qing Dynasty, 1644-1912 (Illustrated ed.). Viking. ISBN 0670811645.
  • Wu, Silas H. L. (1979). Passage to power: K'ang-hsi and his heir apparent, 1661-1722 (Illustrated ed.). Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674656253.
  • Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao) (in Chinese).
Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Xiaoyiren
Empress of China
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaojingxian