Uzbekistan Air and Air Defence Forces
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|Uzbek Air Forces|
|Branch||Air force and air defense|
|Role||Air defense of Uzbekistan|
|Engagements||Tajikistan civil war|
|Transport||Ilyushin Il-76, An-12, An-26|
The Air and Air Defence Forces are the aerial arm of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan. It was formed following the collapse of the Soviet Union, in 1991, though the military was not created by the Uzbek government until 1992. The Air Force consists of 10,000 to 15,000 personnel, with most of them being Russians as of 1995.
In March 1994, the Russian Federation signed a treaty with Uzbekistan in training of pilots. The Uzbek Air Force is assisted by the Russian Air Force, though an air academy has been made to train Uzbeks at Ozizak. As of that year, some thirteen airbases were active in Uzbekistan. The Air Force was to follow the Soviet doctrine, supported by the Uzbekistan Ground Forces.
During the Tajik civil war in 1992, the Tajikistan government was supported by Uzbekistan. Helicopters of the Air Force fought the Muslim rebels at a United Tajik Opposition base. Later, the Uzbek Air Force was said to have destroyed the last holdouts of rebels in eastern Tajikistan. Alexander Shishlyannikov, a member of the Uzbek defense ministry was made the Tajik Minister of Defence.
Due to an agreement in the Commonwealth of Independent States, Russia helped maintain the aircraft of the Uzbek Air Force and sold them more aircraft at a cheaper price than to other interests, such as the United States. In Operation Enduring Freedom, the US government and NATO had an aviation company repair much of the Air Force's aircraft, as it was deemed inoperable by them. Russia tried to undermine US efforts to reach out to Uzbekistan, especially at a 2002 conference in Tashkent, where members of various aviation companies were present.
The talks failed, and the Uzbek government had cut off the US aid in the form of helicopter repairs.
The Uzbek air forces consist of units formerly part of the 49th Air Army of the Turkestan Military District headquartered at Tashkent. There are two remaining combat units, at Karshi-Khanabad and Dzhizak.
The 60th Separate Brigade is the former 735th Bomber Aviation Regiment combined with the former 87th Separate Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment. It has 31 Su-24s, 32 MiG-29s, and 6 Su-27s. Other recently disbanded units include the 61st Fighter Aviation Regiment at Kakaydy, which was itself a merger with the previous 115th Fighter Aviation Regiment, and the 62nd Fighter Aviation Regiment at Andijan. Regiments at both bases were disbanded in 1999. As many as 26 stored Su-17s, apparently in very bad condition, remain at Chirchiq (see Google Earth 41°30'05.69"N 69°33'44.90"E).
List of units
- 60th Separate Mixed Aviation Brigade (Karshi-Khanabad)(60 BAP), Su-24/Su-24MR, Su-27- (31 Su-24, 32 MiG-29, 6 Su-27, 1200 personnel.)
- Separate Mixed Aviation Brigade, Dzhizak, Su-25 – (Su-25, L-39, Mi-8, Mi-24)
- Separate Mixed Aviation Regiment, Fergana, Аn-12, 12РР, 26, 26РР
- Separate Mixed Aviation Squadron, Tashkent, Аn-24, Тu-134
- 65th Separate Helicopter Regiment Kagan, Bukhara Mi-6,8. According to the IISS Military Balance 2002– 28 Mi-6, 29 Mi-8. Former 396th Separate Helicopter Regiment, Southern Group of Forces
- 66th Separate Helicopter Regiment, Chirchiq, Mi-8/24/26 helicopters. The IISS Military Balance 2002 listed Uzbekistan with 42 Mi-24, 29 Mi-8,1 Mi-26
- 12th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Brigade
- Radio-Technical Brigade
|Ilyushin Il-76||Russia||strategic airlifter||5|
|Eurocopter AS550||France||light utility||6|
|Eurocopter AS332||France||utility / transport||2||6 on order|
|L-39 Albatros||Czech Republic||jet trainer||2|
|English||Colonel General||Lieutenant General||Major General||Colonel||Lieutenant Colonel||Major||Captain||Senior Lieutenant||Lieutenant|
|General polkovnik||General leytenant||General mayor||Polkovnik||Podpolkovnik||Mayor||Kapitan||Katta leytenant||leytenant|
|English||Senior Sergeant||Sergeant||Junior Sergeant||Private|
|Katta serjant||Serjant||Kichik serjant||Oddiy askar|