|Founded||1 November 1991|
|Registered||1 December 1991|
|Preceded by||Communist Party of Uzbekistan|
|Women's wing||Faol Ayollar|
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While nominally a centre-left, social democratic party, it is one of the five pro-government parties.
Green was the party colour until 2021.
The People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (Uzbek: O‘zbekiston Xalq Demokratik Partiyasi, O‘zXDP. Russian: Народно-демократическая партия Узбекистана, НДПУ, Narodno-demokraticheskaya partiya Uzbekistana, NDPU) is a political party in Uzbekistan. It was founded in 1991 as the legal successor of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan. Under its founder Islam Karimov, it oversaw the dissolution of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic and the establishment of the Republic of Uzbekistan. After Karimov resigned from the party in 1996 and later formed the Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party, it lost its ruling party status.
The party identifies with social democracy and centre-left politics, and is the main left-leaning party in the Legislative Chamber of Uzbekistan. In its statute, it promotes egalitarianism and a regulated social market economy within a welfare state, while supporting non-interventionism in foreign policy. Its core supporters are people who rely on social welfare, pensioners, people with disabilities, and employees; despite this, it is one of the four parties who acts as a pro-government opposition, and has done as such since the establishment of the Liberal Democratic Party.
The party was founded in October 1991 after the Communist Party of Uzbekistan voted to cut its ties with the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. It had been led by president Islam Karimov since its foundation until 1996, at which point Karimov stepped down and resigned his membership.
Karimov created the Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party (UzLiDeP) in 2003, and despite self-identifying with different ideologies, the parties are widely seen no different from each other, with the UzLiDeP being created to give an illusion of a competitive multi-party system; this is supported by the fact that XDP remained supportive of Karimov's policies and retained his favor. In 2013, Hotamzhon Ketmonov was elected chairman of XDP.
After the 2014–15 Uzbek parliamentary election, the party positioned at the parliamentary opposition of the centre-right, ruling party, UzLiDeP, and the Uzbekistan National Revival Democratic Party, a right-wing and moderate national conservative-oriented party. Ketmonov ran as the party's candidate in the 2015 Uzbek presidential election, receiving 2.92% of the vote.
In the 2021 Uzbek presidential election, Maqsuda Vorisova pledged to solve issues regarding education and medicine, and ran in a series of platforms related to egalitarian and social priorities in spheres to living standards, justice and equality, and democracy, which were seen to have correlated with the Nordic model. Although losing the race to incumbent Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Vorisova became one of the runner ups in the election, earning second place with 6.6% vote share, making her the first person since Muhammad Salih in 1991 to gain more than 5% as a highest-performing non incumbent in the presidential vote.
|First round||Second round|
|2000||Abdulhafiz Jalolov||505,161||4.34||—||—||Lost N|
|2007||Asliddin Rustamov||468,064||3.27||—||—||Lost N|
|2015||Khatamjan Ketmanov||552,309||2.96||—||—||Lost N|
|2021||Maqsuda Vorisova||1,075,016||6.65||—||—||Lost N|
|2023||Ulugbek Inoyatov||629,116||4.05||—||—||Lost N|
Legislative Chamber elections
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- "Skandinavskiy sotsializm. Kakoye budushcheye dlya Uzbekistana gotova postroit' kandidat v prezidenty Maksuda Varisova" Скандинавский социализм. Какое будущее для Узбекистана готова построить кандидат в президенты Максуда Варисова [Scandinavian socialism. What future for Uzbekistan is the presidential candidate Maksud Varisova ready to build?]. Podrobno (in Russian). 18 September 2021. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
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