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Image taken by Martin Parker from D.O.R.
|Birth name||Bryn Jones|
|Also known as||E.g Oblique Graph|
|Born||17 June 1961|
|Died||14 January 1999
Manchester, England, United Kingdom
|Genres||Experimental, ethnic electronica, ambient techno, dark ambient, dub, Asian Underground, noise|
|Instruments||Percussion, chimes, tabla, synthesis, drum machine, tape loops, sample discs, sound modules, radio|
|Labels||Extreme Records, Staalplaat, Soleilmoon Recordings, DOR, BSI, Law & Auder, JARA, The Label, Arka Sound, Third Eye, Chlorophyll, Vinyl on Demand, Daft, Universal Egg, Klanggalerie|
|Associated acts||Bass Communion, Species of Fishes, Suns of Arqa|
Muslimgauze was the main musical project of Bryn Jones (17 June 1961 – 14 January 1999), a British ethnic electronica and experimental musician who was influenced by conflicts and history in the Muslim world, often with an emphasis on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. With dozens of albums released under the Muslimgauze name, Jones was prolific, but he never made mainstream success due to his work being issued mostly in limited editions on small record labels and being deeply experimental in style. His music has been described by one critic as "among the most startling and unique in the noise underground."
Early musical career
Jones first released music in 1982 as E.g Oblique Graph on Kinematograph, his own imprint, and the independent co-op label Recloose, run by Simon Crab. E.g Oblique Graph came from the do-it-yourself (DIY) ethos of the time and was musically composed of electronic/experimental drone with occasional synth-melodic hooks and use of radio broadcast samples.
Releases at the time were occasionally on cassette, more often vinyl EPs and LPs; the longest running of Jones' label monikers, Limited Editions, started with Hunting Out with an Aerial Eye (1984) followed by Buddhist on Fire, put out by Recloose the same year. Since then, Jones roughly released an album a year, given scarce financial resources until 1988, when he began making inroads with then-emerging labels Staalplaat, Soleilmoon, and Extreme Records.
By the late 1980s, Jones ran out of funding to self-release, and other labels that did put out Muslimgauze releases such as Recloose and Permis De Construire (which put out Coup D'État) did not pay promised royalties. Recloose head Simon Crab cited lack of sales and damaged records from fire bombing as his reason.
The neighbouring Thomas a Becket pub run by East End gangsters—common-or-garden low-level vicious thugs (years before the species was romanticized by Lock Stock and Mona Lisa)—unable to control our unlicensed trade in alcohol and other illicits, firebombed the building one night and attacked the crew on a regular basis (ironically, many of the new pressings of Muslimgauze's Buddhist on Fire stored in the Recloose offices were destroyed during this attack).— Stalker blog post
The deal with Recloose was that we paid 50 percent of the profits to the artist and 50 percent went to the label, which was a pretty good deal, especially since we didn't sell that much. We put a lot of energy into marketing, and most of the artists signed to the label sold off the back of Bourbonese Qualk anyway. He assumed we sold loads of albums but we didn't even cover the costs.— Simon Crab
At this time, distributors Soleilmoon, Staalplaat, and Extreme Records transitioned to becoming labels with the advent of the compact disc format, which became less expensive to produce and ship than vinyl over time and gradually became a physical staple of the Muslimgauze catalogue.
Later musical career
It was with the release of United States of Islam (1991) a formalised agreement was reached with Extreme Records, which helped fund professional studio recordings, designed attractive packaging, and used a more extensive distribution network. Though pleased at first, Jones was frustrated with Extreme's one-release-a-year policy and in 1993 signed with then-sibling labels Soleilmoon and Staalplaat, which offered a more frequent release schedule. 1993 saw the release of Vote Hezbollah, Veiled Sisters and a re-release of Iran on Soleilmoon and Hamas Arc, Satyajit Eye and Betrayal on Staalplaat.
As someone who always had more musical supply than demand[according to whom?], Jones additionally released material on nearly any small label that approached him. A drawback with releasing on so many labels was gratuitous editing by producers and, through design or circumstance, no royalties. Extreme cited betrayal by distribution networks that were unscrupulous or filed for bankruptcy and could not pay—though they also claimed to have eventually remunerated Jones. Lack of due royalties was a source of ongoing stress throughout Jones's career.
He stated that he never had time to listen to other people's music, although in a 1992 interview with Impulse Magazine, he mentioned that he enjoyed traditional music of Japan, the Middle East, and India, as well as the works of artists such as Can, Throbbing Gristle, Wire, and Faust.
On 30 December 1998, Jones was rushed to A&E in Manchester with a rare fungal infection in his bloodstream, for which he had to be heavily sedated. His body eventually shut down, and he died on 14 January 1999.
Since Bryn Jones's death in 1999 at the age of 37, his music under Muslimgauze has continued to be released. He often inundated labels and collaborators with music, and consequently the latter had to be selective of what was eventually put out. Meanwhile, the former, including Soleilmoon and Staalplaat, will still publish albums of often unmastered demos, his own reworked tracks and abandoned full-length tapes. Jones' posthumous discography is known for including many studio variations of nearly all his music.
Muslimgauze's music is often difficult to describe due to sheer volume, content diversity and often singular stylings; Jones never produced any hit albums or songs. However, it's possible to describe common features of his music as he tended to use many of the same strategies, modified from album to album to give each release a distinct feel or concept. The music often is heavily electronic and strongly rhythmic (sometimes including live studio percussion), though tempos can vary from very fast to slowly-driving and almost ambient, making frequent use of gradually-changing structures or melodic motifs. Critic Ned Raggett of reviewed a number of Muslimgauze albums for Allmusic.com, noting the diverse styles of Jones's recordings: United States of Islam (1991) featured layered percussion and "a muted techno pulse", Hamas Arc (1993) touched on a menacing "ambience that is not so far removed from the likes of [industrial metal acts] Godflesh or Scorn", and Gun Aramaic (1996) blended atmospheric sounds and vocal samples which "almost turns the album into a soundtrack for a non-existent film."
Jones originally claimed Muslimgauze was formed in response to Operation Peace of the Galilee, Israel's 1982 invasion of Lebanon to stem attacks from Palestinian Liberation Organization guerrillas stationed in South Lebanon. This event inspired Jones to research the conflict's origins, which grew into a lifelong artistic focal point, and he became a staunch supporter of the Palestinian cause, and often dedicated recordings to the Palestinian Liberation Organization or a free Palestine. Jones's research further grew to encompass other conflict-ridden, predominantly Muslim countries including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Chechnya, Iran, and Iraq. He concluded that Western interests for natural resources and strategic-political gain were root causes for many of these conflicts and should Western meddling halt, said regions would stabilise.
Jones frequently netted criticism for never having visited the Middle East. He said in a 1994 interview, "I don't think you can visit an occupied land. It's the principle. Not until it's free again."
References in dedications, album, and track titles suggest Jones had researched the conflict regions in the Middle East, as well as Chechnya, Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and Indonesia, among others. Musical references also extended to other creeds and ethnicities including Hindus, Tibetan Buddhists, and Sri-Lankans.
When asked what he would do if conflicts in the Muslim world were peaceably resolved, Jones replied his music would champion other conflict regions such as China's occupation of Tibet.
Interviewer: Do you believe it is absolutely necessary, to take these political aspects into account? Or can one also uncouple the politics and music from each other?
Jones: Yes, one can do that. It is music. Music with serious political facts behind it. There are no lyrics, because that would be preaching. It is music. It is up to you, to find out more. If you don't want that, it is up to you. You can listen to only the music or you can preoccupy yourself more with it.— Artefakt interview
He released over 90 original albums on 32 different record labels, creating nearly 2,000 original compositions. Many of his pieces were inspired by political facts or events. Many of his releases have been re-pressed as, after 1994, most of his albums were released in limited editions of 200–1,000.
During the early phase of his career, Jones was known to have performed only one live show in 1986 at the V2 in s-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands. At the behest of Bourbonese Qualk, of the Recloose label, Jones performed a half-hour set. The show consisted of Jones singing to a backing track while Simon Crab then members of Bourbonese Qualk added instrumental accompaniment. By all accounts the show went reasonably, but Jones was traumatised by the experience enough to swear off live performance until the 1990s.
Jones resumed live performance in 1995 at the behest of record store owner and DJ Simon Scott. Part of Jones's apprehension with live performance was in trying to figure out how to present the music. He concluded the best way was refrain from vocals with lyrics and instead play live percussion atop a backing track. He also did DJ sets that consisted of exclusively his own material. Contrary to his 1986 experience, Jones did enjoy doing live shows and frequently did them in his last years in diverse places such as the UK, throughout mainland Europe, and even Japan.
|6 July 1993||Manchester, UK||Turkish Baths||Arabbox|
|3 September 1995||Edinburgh, UK||Wee Red Bar, Edinburgh College of Art||Color Climax organised by Blue Room (Edinburgh) & Sonora (Glasgow)|
|8 October 1995||Leeds, UK||Cafe Mex||Sunday Service|
|18 February 1996||Leeds, UK||The Duchess||Sunday Service|
|26 May 1996||Leeds, UK||The Duchess||Sunday Service|
|24 October 1996||Berlin, Germany||Staalplaat Sonderangebot Festival|
|17 October 1996||Leeds, UK||Le Phono||Brainticket|
|22 June 1997 ||Rostock, Germany||MS Stubnitz/Rostock Harbor|
|July 1997||Spain Proyecto Almadraba.||Plaza de Toros de Algeciras|
|1 November 1997||Leeds, UK||The Duchess||Tandoori Space|
|27 January 1998||Shibuya, Japan||Club Shibuya on Air West|
|13 June 1998 ||Stockholm, Sweden||MS Stubnitz||Nursery Injection Festival|
|?? September 1998||Normandy, France||The Monastery of Sound|
|28 October 1998||Leeds, UK||The Cockpit||Tandoori Space|
|2? November 1998||Berlin, Germany||Volksbühne||Ballroom International|
- John Bush. "Muslimgauze - Biography - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- Sahlén, Mårten (21 February 1999). "Muslimgauze in Stockholm". Retrieved 7 January 2009.
- Bryn Jones (February 2007). Bryn Jones Speaks (MP3) (audio). Extreme. Retrieved 7 January 2009. fee required
- Gehr, Richard (28 November 2008). ""Live Series 2" & the London Ambulance Station". Stalker. Simon Crab.
- Khider, Ibrahim (Spring–Summer 2006). "Equations of Eternity". e/i (print): 54–60.
- Crumby, Mark (January 2000). "Impulse Interview". Manchester.
- Strauss, Neil (28 January 1999). "Bryan Jones, 38, Musician Known as Muslimgauze". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Khider, Ibrahim (March 2005). "Muslimgauze". Perfect Sound Forever.
- Kinney, Rick (2004). "Industrial Nation interview". Industrial Nation (print) (20). Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "IndustrialObit" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- Raggett, Ned. "Gun Aramaic review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- Urselli-Schaerer, Marc. "Chain D.L.K. Interview". Chain D.L.K. (5).
- Ayers, Nigel (September 1990). "Network News interview". Network News.
- Rena (Summer 1994). "Industrial Nation interview". Industrial Nation (print) (9).
- Richard Gehr Village Voice (28 October 1994)
- Gehr, Richard (28 October 1994). "Beyond the Veil". Village Voice (print).
-  Archived 6 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- Richard Gehr, Village Voice (28 October 1994)
- Erik, Bennedorf; Picicci, Annibale (February 1997). "Artefakt interview". Artefakt. Berlin, Germany (2). Archived from the original on 25 February 2009.