Uzgen

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Uzgen
Өзгөн
12th century Karakhanid mausoleum in Uzgen
12th century Karakhanid mausoleum in Uzgen
Uzgen is located in Kyrgyzstan
Uzgen
Uzgen
Location in Kyrgyzstan
Coordinates: 40°46′0″N 73°18′0″E / 40.76667°N 73.30000°E / 40.76667; 73.30000Coordinates: 40°46′0″N 73°18′0″E / 40.76667°N 73.30000°E / 40.76667; 73.30000
Country Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
Region Osh Region
Elevation 1,029 m (3,375 ft)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 49,410
Time zone KGT (UTC+6)

Uzgen (Kyrgyz: Өзгөн Özgön; Russian: Узген) is a town in Osh Region, Kyrgyzstan. It is the capital of Uzgen District. According to 2009 Census the population of Uzgen was 49,410.[1]

History[edit]

The town is mentioned in Chinese annals of the second century BC. It was one of the capitals of the Karakhanids, who called it Mavarannahr and left three well-preserved mausolea. Uzgend became the abode of Muhammad b. Nasr during the Kara-Khanid split into two branches.

Accounts of Uzgend were found in the works of Arab writers like Al-Muqaddasi and Ibn Hawqal in the 10th century.[2]

Geography[edit]

Uzgen is located at the far eastern end of the Ferghana Valley,[3] upstream of the point where the Kara-Darya enters the valley. It is 30 miles northeast of Osh, and 20 miles southeast of Jalal-Abad on the banks of the Kara-Darya, on its right side.[4]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Uzgen
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
6.1
(43)
13.9
(57)
18.5
(65.3)
22.6
(72.7)
24.4
(75.9)
22.8
(73)
18
(64)
11.5
(52.7)
4.4
(39.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
11.2
(52.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.9
(1.61)
51.2
(2.016)
77.8
(3.063)
86.3
(3.398)
71.9
(2.831)
38
(1.5)
19.6
(0.772)
10.9
(0.429)
12.6
(0.496)
54.9
(2.161)
54.6
(2.15)
40.7
(1.602)
559.4
(22.024)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7 7.4 8.6 8.1 8.7 6.4 4.4 3.1 2.9 4.9 5.7 6.1 73.3
Average relative humidity (%) 77.3 74.9 66.6 56.8 51.8 44.6 46.1 50 52.8 60.2 69 77.9 60.7
Source: "The Climate of Uzgen". Weatherbase. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 

Famous people born in Uzgen[edit]

Mirza Abu Bakr Dughlat's unsuccessful attempt to capture Uzgen (from the Baburnama).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2009 population census of the Kyrgyz Republic: Osh Region at the Wayback Machine (archived 2011-08-10)
  2. ^ David Nicolle (2008). Saracen Strongholds AD 630-1050: The Middle East and Central Asia. Osprey Publishing. pp. 46–. ISBN 978-1-84603-115-1. 
  3. ^ Jonathan Bloom; Sheila Blair (14 May 2009). Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture: Three-Volume Set. OUP USA. pp. 2–. ISBN 978-0-19-530991-1. 
  4. ^ Timur Beisembiev (19 December 2013). The Life of Alimqul: A Native Chronicle of Nineteenth Century Central Asia. Routledge. pp. 58–. ISBN 978-1-136-81997-1.