Vâlcea County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Vâlcea County
Județul Vâlcea
County
Coat of arms of Vâlcea County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Vâlcea county highlighted
Coordinates: 45°05′N 24°07′E / 45.08°N 24.11°E / 45.08; 24.11Coordinates: 45°05′N 24°07′E / 45.08°N 24.11°E / 45.08; 24.11
Country Romania
Development region Sud-Vest
Historical region Muntenia, Oltenia
Capital Râmnicu Vâlcea
Area
 • Total 5,765 km2 (2,226 sq mi)
Area rank 20th
Population (2011)
 • Total 355,320
 • Rank 26th
 • Density 62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 250 or (+40) 350[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-VL
Website County Council
Prefecture

Vâlcea County (also spelt Vîlcea; Romanian pronunciation: [ˈvɨlt͡ʃe̯a]) is a county (județ) of Romania. Located in the historical regions of Oltenia and Muntenia (which are separated by the Olt River), it is also part of the wider Wallachia region. Its capital city is Râmnicu Vâlcea.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 355,320 and the population density was 61.63/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 341,590
1956 Increase 362,356
1966 Increase 368,779
1977 Increase 414,241
1992 Increase 436,298
2002 Decrease 413,247
2011 Decrease 355,320

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 5,765 km².

The North side of the county is occupied by the mountains from the Southern Carpathians group - The Făgăraș Mountains in the East with heights over 2200 m, and the Lotru Mountains in the West with heights over 2000 m. They are separated by the Olt River valley - the most accessible passage between Transylvania and Muntenia. Along the Olt River Valley there are smaller groups of mountains, the most spectacular being the Cozia Mountains.

Towards the South, the heights decrease, passing through the sub-carpathian hills to a high plain in the West side of the Romanian Plain.

The main river is the Olt River crossing the county from North to South. Its main affluents are the Lotru River in the North and the Olteț River in the South.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The city of Râmnicu Vâlcea is the most industrialised in the county, the rest of the county having an agrarian development.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Chemical industry.
  • Food and beverage industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Construction materials.
  • Wood and furniture industry.

In the West of the county coal and salt are extracted.

The area in the center of the county is well suited for fruit orchards, wines and raising cattle. The South is better suited for growing cereals and vegetables.

More information about Valcea County economy on Valcea Chamber of Commerce and Industry http://www.ccivl.ro

Tourism[edit]

The main tourist destinations are:

Politics[edit]

The Vâlcea County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 14                            
  National Liberal Party 13                            
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 3                            
  Ecologist Party 3                            

Administrative divisions[edit]

Vâlcea County has 2 municipalities, 9 towns and 78 communes

Historical county[edit]

Județul Vâlcea
County (Județ)
The building of the Vâlcea County court from the interwar period, now the Râmnicu Vâlcea court.
The building of the Vâlcea County court from the interwar period, now the Râmnicu Vâlcea court.
Coat of arms of Județul Vâlcea
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Valcea.png
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic region Oltenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Râmnicu Vâlcea
Area
 • Total 4,081 km2 (1,576 sq mi)
Population (1930)
 • Total 246,659
 • Density 60/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southwestern part of Greater Romania, in the northeast part of the historical region of Oltenia. Its capital was Râmnicu Vâlcea. The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Vâlcea County; however the territories situated to the east of the Olt River in the current county were not part of the historical county.

The county was bordered to the north by Sibiu County, to the east by the counties of Argeş and Olt, to the south by Romanați County, and to the west by the counties of Dolj and Gorj.

Administration[edit]

Map of Vâlcea County as constituted in 1938.

The county was in 1930 divided into five administrative districts (plăṣi):[5]

  1. Plasa Cerna, headquartered at Lădești
  2. Plasa Cozia, headquartered at Călimănești
  3. Plasa Drăgășani, headquartered at Drăgășani
  4. Plasa Horezu, headquartered at Horezu
  5. Plasa Zătreni, headquartered at Zătreni

By 1938, there were six districts, four previous and two new ones resulting from the reorganisation of the southwest part of the county:[6]

  1. Plasa Cerna, headquartered at Lădești
  2. Plasa Cozia, headquartered at Călimănești
  3. Plasa Drăgășani, headquartered at Drăgășani
  4. Plasa Horezu, headquartered at Horezu
  5. Plasa Bălcești, headquartered at Bălcești
  6. Plasa Oltețu, headquartered at Oltețu

Population[edit]

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 246,713 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 97.4% Romanians, 1.6% Romanies, 0.2% Germans, 0.2% Hungarians, 0.2% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.4% Roman Catholic, 0.2% Jewish, as well as other minorities.

Urban population[edit]

In 1930, the county's urban population was 31,909 inhabitants, comprising 94.8% Romanians, 1.3% Romanies, 1.0% Germans, 0.8% Jews, 0.7% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 96.4% Eastern Orthodox, 1.4% Roman Catholic, 0.8% Jewish, 0.7% Lutheran, 0.3% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, [1]
  4. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  5. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Vâlcea
  6. ^ Istorie locală - Județul Vâlcea în perioada 1920-1940

External links[edit]