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(I 19, I XIX, I 20, I 20/Fo 61)
|Motto(s)||"De hava aldrig vikit eller för egen del tappat" ("They have never backed down or for their own part lost")|
|Colours||Red and white|
|Battle honours||Landskrona (1677), Düna (1701), Kliszow (1702), Fraustadt (1706), Malatitze (1708), Strömstad (1717)|
The Västerbotten Regiment (Swedish: Västerbottens regemente), designations I 19, I XIX, I 20 and I 20/Fo 61, was a Swedish Army infantry regiment that traced its origins back to the 16th century. It was disbanded in 2000. The regiment's soldiers were originally recruited from the province of Västerbotten, and it was later garrisoned there.
The regiment has its origins in fänikor (companies) raised in Västerbotten in the 1550s and 1560s. In 1615, these units—along with fänikor from the nearby provinces of Ångermanland, Medelpad, Hälsingland and Gästrikland—were organised by Gustav II Adolf into Norrlands storregemente, of which seven of the total 24 companies were recruited in Västerbotten. Norrlands storregemente consisted of three field regiments, of which Västerbotten Regiment was one. Sometime around 1624, the grand regiment was permanently split into three smaller regiments, of which Västerbotten Regiment was one.
Västerbotten Regiment was one of the original 20 Swedish infantry regiments mentioned in the Swedish constitution of 1634. The regiment was allotted in 1696. It changed name to Västerbotten Field Jäger Regiment in 1829, and was split into two corps units of battalion size in 1841, one of them being Västerbotten Field Jäger Corps, the other being Norrbotten Field Jäger Corps. The unit was upgraded to regimental size and renamed back to Västerbotten Regiment in 1892. The regiment had its training grounds at various places in Västerbotten, but was eventually garrisoned in Umeå in 1909.
The regiment was given the designation I 19 (19th Infantry Regiment) in a general order in 1816, but that designation was given to Norrbotten Field Jäger Corps when the unit split, and Västerbotten Field Jäger Corps was instead given the designation I XIX (XIXth Infantry Regiment, XIX which in the Roman numeral system equals 19). When the unit regained its old name and size in 1892, the designation was changed to I 20 (20th Infantry Regiment).
- The Second Polish War (1600–1629)
- The Thirty Years' War (1630–1648)
- The Northern Wars (1655–1661)
- The Scanian War (1674–1679)
- The Great Northern War (1700–1721)
- The Hats' Russian War (1741–1743)
- The Seven Years' War (1757–1762)
- The Gustav III's Russian War (1788–1790)
- The Finnish War (1808–1809)
- The Campaign against Norway (1814)
Name, designation and garrison
|Västerbottens regemente||Västerbotten Regiment||1624||–||1829-12-11|
|Västerbottens fältjägarregemente||Västerbotten Field Jäger Regiment||1829-12-12||–||1841|
|Västerbottens fältjägarkår||Västerbotten Field Jäger Corps||1841||–||1892-12-11|
|Västerbottens regemente||Västerbotten Regiment||1892-12-12||–||2000-06-30|
|I 20/Fo 61||1973-07-01||–||2000-06-30|
or garrison town
- Braunstein, Christian (2003). Sveriges arméförband under 1900-talet. Stockholm: Statens Försvarshistoriska Museer. ISBN 91-971584-4-5.
- Holmberg, Björn (1993). Arméns regementen, skolor och staber: en sammanställning. Arvidsjaur: Svenskt militärhistoriskt bibliotek. ISBN 91-972209-0-6.
- Kjellander, Rune (2003). Sveriges regementschefer 1700–2000: chefsbiografier och förbandsöversikter. Stockholm: Probus. ISBN 91-87184-74-5.
- Nelsson, Bertil (1993). Från Brunkeberg till Nordanvind: 500 år med svenskt infanteri. Stockholm: Probus. ISBN 91-87184-23-0.
- Svensk rikskalender 1908. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söner. 1908.
- Holmén, Pelle; Sjöberg, Jan (2007). "Swedish Armed Forces 1900–2000". Retrieved 2007-08-20.
- Högman, Hans (2007). "Militaria – Svensk militärhistoria". Retrieved 2007-08-20.
- Persson, Mats (1998). "Swedish Army Regiments". Retrieved 2007-08-20.
- Sharman, Ken (2000). "Swedish military administrative division as per 1629". Retrieved 2007-08-20.