Västerbotten Regiment

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Västerbotten Regiment
Västerbottens regemente
(I 19, I XIX, I 20, I 20/Fo 61)
Västerbottensgruppen vapen.svg
Insignia
Active 1624–2000
Country  Sweden
Branch Swedish Army
Type Infantry
Size Regiment
Motto(s) "De hava aldrig vikit eller för egen del tappat" ("They have never backed down or for their own part lost")[citation needed]
Colours Red and white
March "Helenenmarsch" (1935–2000)
Battle honours Landskrona (1677), Düna (1701), Kliszow (1702), Fraustadt (1706), Malatitze (1708), Strömstad (1717)

The Västerbotten Regiment (Swedish: Västerbottens regemente), designations I 19, I XIX, I 20 and I 20/Fo 61, was a Swedish Army infantry regiment that traced its origins back to the 16th century. It was disbanded in 2000. The regiment's soldiers were originally recruited from the province of Västerbotten, and it was later garrisoned there.

History[edit]

The regiment has its origins in fänikor (companies) raised in Västerbotten in the 1550s and 1560s. In 1615, these units—along with fänikor from the nearby provinces of Ångermanland, Medelpad, Hälsingland and Gästrikland—were organised by Gustav II Adolf into Norrlands storregemente, of which seven of the total 24 companies were recruited in Västerbotten. Norrlands storregemente consisted of three field regiments, of which Västerbotten Regiment was one. Sometime around 1624, the grand regiment was permanently split into three smaller regiments, of which Västerbotten Regiment was one.

Västerbotten Regiment was one of the original 20 Swedish infantry regiments mentioned in the Swedish constitution of 1634. The regiment was allotted in 1696. It changed name to Västerbotten Field Jäger Regiment in 1829, and was split into two corps units of battalion size in 1841, one of them being Västerbotten Field Jäger Corps, the other being Norrbotten Field Jäger Corps. The unit was upgraded to regimental size and renamed back to Västerbotten Regiment in 1892. The regiment had its training grounds at various places in Västerbotten, but was eventually garrisoned in Umeå in 1909.

The regiment was given the designation I 19 (19th Infantry Regiment) in a general order in 1816, but that designation was given to Norrbotten Field Jäger Corps when the unit split, and Västerbotten Field Jäger Corps was instead given the designation I XIX (XIXth Infantry Regiment, XIX which in the Roman numeral system equals 19). When the unit regained its old name and size in 1892, the designation was changed to I 20 (20th Infantry Regiment).

Campaigns[edit]

Organisation[edit]

Name, designation and garrison[edit]

Name Translation From To
Västerbottens regemente Västerbotten Regiment 1624 1829-12-11
Västerbottens fältjägarregemente Västerbotten Field Jäger Regiment 1829-12-12 1841
Västerbottens fältjägarkår Västerbotten Field Jäger Corps 1841 1892-12-11
Västerbottens regemente Västerbotten Regiment 1892-12-12 2000-06-30
Designation From To
I 19 1816 1841
I XIX 1841 1892-12-31
I 20 1893-01-01 1973-06-30
I 20/Fo 61 1973-07-01 2000-06-30
Training ground
or garrison town
From To
Gumboda hed 1649 1898
Vännäs läger 1649 1909-03-31
Umeå (G) 1909-04-01 2000-06-30

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Print
  • Braunstein, Christian (2003). Sveriges arméförband under 1900-talet. Stockholm: Statens Försvarshistoriska Museer. ISBN 91-971584-4-5. 
  • Holmberg, Björn (1993). Arméns regementen, skolor och staber: en sammanställning. Arvidsjaur: Svenskt militärhistoriskt bibliotek. ISBN 91-972209-0-6. 
  • Kjellander, Rune (2003). Sveriges regementschefer 1700–2000: chefsbiografier och förbandsöversikter. Stockholm: Probus. ISBN 91-87184-74-5. 
  • Nelsson, Bertil (1993). Från Brunkeberg till Nordanvind: 500 år med svenskt infanteri. Stockholm: Probus. ISBN 91-87184-23-0. 
  • Svensk rikskalender 1908. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söner. 1908. 
Online

Coordinates: 63°50′03″N 20°15′34″E / 63.83417°N 20.25944°E / 63.83417; 20.25944