Västernorrland County

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Västernorrland County
Västernorrlands län
Flag of Västernorrland County
Coat of arms of Västernorrland County
Västernorrland County in Sweden
Västernorrland County in Sweden
Location map of Västernorrland County in Sweden
Location map of Västernorrland County in Sweden
Country Sweden
Largest citySundsvall
Founded1634
CapitalHärnösand
Municipalities
Government
 • GovernorBo Källstrand
 • CouncilLandstinget Västernorrland
Area
 • Total21,683.8 km2 (8,372.2 sq mi)
Population
 (30 September 2017)[1]
 • Total246,082
 • Density11/km2 (29/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE-Y
GDP/ NominalSEK 61,540 million (2004)
GDP per capitaSEK 251,000
NUTS RegionSE321
Websitewww.y.lst.se

Västernorrland County (Swedish: Västernorrlands län) is a county (län) in the north of Sweden. It is bordered by the counties of Gävleborg, Jämtland, Västerbotten and the Gulf of Bothnia.

The name Västernorrland means "Western Norrland", as it was in the western part of the original Norrland (northern Sweden and northern Finland).

Province[edit]

For History, Geography and Culture, see: Ångermanland or Medelpad

Västernorrland County covers approximately the historical provinces of Ångermanland (Angermannia) and Medelpad.

Administration[edit]

The main aim of the county administrative board – a government agency headed by a governor – is to fulfil the goals set out in national politics by the Riksdag and the government, to coordinate the interests of the county, to promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. See List of Västernorrland governors.

Politics[edit]

The county council of Västernorrland is the Landstinget i Västernorrland.

Riksdag elections[edit]

The table details all Riksdag election results of Västernorrland County since the unicameral era began in 1970. The blocs denote which party would support the Prime Minister or the lead opposition party towards the end of the elected parliament.

Year Turnout Votes V S MP C L KD M SD NyD Left Right
1970[2] 89.1 177,619 6.6 52.2 23.0 9.5 2.5 5.9 58.8 38.4
1973[3] 92.1 178,788 6.3 50.7 27.7 5.6 2.4 6.7 57.0 40.1
1976[4] 92.7 186,498 5.0 50.4 28.4 6.8 1.8 7.3 55.4 42.5
1979[5] 92.0 185,794 5.4 51.2 23.6 6.5 1.8 10.8 56.6 40.9
1982[6] 92.2 186,181 5.3 53.7 1.4 20.9 3.8 2.3 12.4 59.0 37.1
1985[7] 90.5 183,019 5.4 53.2 1.3 17.6 10.0 12.2 58.6 39.8
1988[8] 86.6 173,568 6.0 51.6 5.1 14.9 8.8 3.6 9.4 62.7 33.1
1991[9] 86.8 173,566 5.1 47.9 3.1 11.3 7.3 7.1 13.0 4.7 53.0 38.7
1994[10] 87.1 173,210 6.7 55.0 4.8 9.2 6.0 3.9 13.0 0.7 66.6 32.1
1998[11] 81.6 157,892 14.8 45.1 4.1 6.6 3.6 10.2 13.7 64.0 34.1
2002[12] 79.5 150,966 9.9 49.3 3.8 9.6 9.3 7.6 8.5 0.8 63.0 35.0
2006[13] 81.5 153,417 6.7 46.0 3.8 10.6 5.4 5.7 17.2 2.2 56.5 38.8
2010[14] 84.6 159,975 6.0 44.0 5.5 7.0 5.2 4.4 21.6 4.5 55.5 38.1
2014[15] 86.1 162,112 5.7 46.3 4.4 6.7 3.4 3.8 15.9 10.8 56.3 29.8
2018[16] 87.8 163,001 8.2 39.8 2.7 9.9 3.4 5.4 13.7 15.6 60.5 38.1

Municipalities[edit]

Municipal location map

In Medelpad Province:

In Ångermanland Province:

Demographics[edit]

Foreign background[edit]

SCB have collected statistics on backgrounds of residents since 2002. These tables consist of all who have two foreign-born parents or are born abroad themselves.[17] The chart lists election years and the last year on record alone.

Location 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2019
Härnösand 5.9 7.7 9.1 12.7 17.4 17.7
Kramfors 5.3 6.5 8.2 11.1 15.3 15.8
Sollefteå 5.0 6.1 7.9 11.1 14.9 14.2
Sundsvall 7.4 8.4 10.1 11.9 13.9 14.4
Timrå 6.4 7.8 9.5 11.0 12.2 12.2
Ånge 4.0 5.2 6.4 7.8 10.0 9.7
Örnsköldsvik 5.0 6.0 7.2 8.3 11.1 11.5
Total 6.1 7.3 8.8 10.8 13.5 13.9
Source: SCB [17]

History[edit]

Västernorrland County was formed in 1634, when counties were introduced, replacing the older provinces. Västernorrland then included parts of Sweden north of the city of Gävle, except Jämtland and Härjedalen – which belonged to Norway – and except Finland.

The county grew and shrank significantly since its creation. The boundary adjustments:

Västernorrland was in the west of Norrland

Even though the name Västernorrland literally means "Western Norrland", it is today situated on the eastern coast of Swedish Norrland. The "west" in its name (väster) arose due to the fact that, at the time, Norrland was a much larger region, including northern Finland as well. Västernorrland was therefore in the western "arm" of Norrland in its broadest sense.

Heraldry[edit]

The arms for the County of Västernorrland are a combination of those of Ångermanland and Medelpad. When it is shown with a royal crown, it represents the county administrative board. Blazon: "Parted per pale, the arms of Angermannia and the arms of Medelpad."

Miscellaneous topics[edit]

Local public transport in the county is provided by Din Tur.

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 september 2017 och befolkningsförändringar 1 juli–30 september 2017. Totalt". Statistics Sweden. 2017-11-08. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  2. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1970" (PDF). SCB. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1973" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  4. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1976" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1979" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1982)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1985" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1988)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  9. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1991" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  10. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1994" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  11. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  12. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag 2002" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  13. ^ "Allmänna val 17 september 2006" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  14. ^ "Röster - Val 2010" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  15. ^ "Röster - Val 2014" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  16. ^ "Röster - Val 2018" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  17. ^ a b "PxWeb - välj variabler och värden" (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 11 August 2020.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 62°44′23″N 16°55′48″E / 62.739633°N 16.929932°E / 62.739633; 16.929932