Véra Clouzot

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Véra Clouzot
Henri-Georges and Vera Clouzot 1953.jpg
Henri-Georges and Véra Clouzot in 1953
Born
Véra Gibson-Amado

(1913-12-30)30 December 1913
Died15 December 1960(1960-12-15) (aged 46)
NationalityBrazilian
Years active1953–1957
Spouse(s)Léo Lapara (1941–1947)
Henri-Georges Clouzot (1950–1960)
FamilyJorge Amado (second cousin)

Véra Clouzot (30 December 1913 – 15 December 1960) was a Brazilian-French film actress and screenwriter. She is known for playing Christina Delassalle in Les Diaboliques (1955).

Early life[edit]

Clouzot was born Véra Gibson-Amado in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to Alice do Rego Barros and Gilberto Amado [pt],[1] a Brazilian congressman, writer, journalist, lawyer and ex-President of the United Nations' International Law Committee. Writer Jorge Amado is her second cousin.[2]

In 1941, Véra met French actor Léo Lapara [fr], a member of the theater company of Louis Jouvet who toured in Brazil during World War II. Vera married the actor, taking part in the company's South American tour that lasted almost four years.[2]

Career in France[edit]

After World War II, Vera settled in Paris. Louis Jouvet took over the direction of the Athenée Theater, while she continued to do small roles.[2]

Véra met film director Henri-Georges Clouzot through her then-husband, Léo Lapara, who had minor parts in Quai des Orfèvres (1947) and Return to Life (1949), in the segment directed by Clouzot, "Le Retour de Jean".

Véra worked as a continuity assistant on Clouzot's Miquette (1950) and they married in 1950.[3] Clouzot named his production company, Véra Films, after his wife. She made only three films, all directed by her husband. The sole female role in The Wages of Fear (1953) is played by Véra. Clouzot wrote the role specifically for his wife, as the character does not exist in the original novel.[4] The Wages of Fear is about a South American town where a group of desperate men are offered money to drive trucks carrying nitroglycerin through rough terrain to put out an oil well fire.[5] The Wages of Fear was the 4th highest-grossing film in France in 1953,[6] and was seen by nearly 7 million spectators.[7]

The most notable of Clouzot's films starring Véra was the classic thriller, Les Diaboliques (1955), co-starring Simone Signoret. She also starred in Les Espions (1957), and co-wrote the screenplay for the film La Vérité (1960), which was also directed by her husband.[8]

Clouzot and Véra took a film crew with them to Véra's homeland in Brazil for their honeymoon, where Clouzot made his first attempt at directing a documentary film. The Brazilian government took issue with Clouzot filming the poverty of people in the favelas rather than the more picturesque parts of Brazil.[4] The film was never finished because the costs became too high. Clouzot became fascinated with the region and wrote a book, Le cheval des dieux, recounting his trip.[4][9]

Death[edit]

Véra died in Paris in 1960, aged 46, from a heart attack, shortly after the filming of La Vérité. Henri-Georges Clouzot fell into a depression over her death.[4][10] After her funeral, he moved to Tahiti, but returned to France in December 1960.[10] She is buried in the Montmartre Cemetery in Paris.[11]

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Recordando Gilberto Amado". Brasil 247 (in Portuguese). 14 September 2011. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Vera Amado Clouzot, atriz de cinema de (As Diabólicas, e O Salário do Medo)". O Explorador (in Portuguese). 7 August 2012. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  3. ^ Lloyd 2007, p. 7.
  4. ^ a b c d Henri-Georges Clouzot: The Enlightened Tyrant (DVD) (in French). New York City, United States: The Criterion Collection. 2004. ISBN 0-7800-2965-8. Archived from the original on 1 October 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  5. ^ "The Wages of Fear (1953)". The Criterion Collection. Archived from the original on 15 November 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2009.
  6. ^ "Wages of Fear, The (1953)". Classic Art Films. 31 July 2015. Archived from the original on 25 January 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Le Salarie de la peur (1953)". JP's Box-Office. Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  8. ^ "La Verité: Production credits". Allmovie. Retrieved 17 August 2009.
  9. ^ Hayward 2005, p. 13
  10. ^ a b Lloyd 2007, p. 8
  11. ^ "Véra Clouzot (1913 - 1960)". Find A Grave. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2017.

Sources[edit]

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