Based on the German V-2 rocket, Véronique was the first West European liquid-fuel research rocket. A successor to the cancelled Super V-2, the Véronique was built between 1950 and 1969 in several versions, of which the versions P2, P6 and R were only experimental models. They were made in Vernon, Eure. The name Veronique is an abbreviation of Vernon-électronique.
The first Véronique launch, on 20 February 1954, resulted in a launch failure, followed by a second launch a day later, on 21 February reaching 84 miles (135 km) in altitude with diesel oil and nitric acid as fuel. The second used turpentine instead of diesel oil, gaining 50% higher altitude.