Võru

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Võru
Võro (Võro)
Town and municipality
Võru city centre at night.
Võru city centre at night.
Flag of Võru
Flag
Coat of arms of Võru
Coat of arms
Võru is located in Estonia
Võru
Võru
Location in Estonia
Coordinates: 57°50′55″N 26°59′34″E / 57.848611111111°N 26.992777777778°E / 57.848611111111; 26.992777777778Coordinates: 57°50′55″N 26°59′34″E / 57.848611111111°N 26.992777777778°E / 57.848611111111; 26.992777777778
Country  Estonia
County Võrumaa lipp.svg Võru County
Founded 21 August 1784
Government
 • Mayor Anti Allas[1]
Area
 • Total 13.24 km2 (5.11 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (70 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 12,430
 • Density 1,099.2/km2 (2,847/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Estonians 92%
 • Russians 6%
 • other 2%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website www.voru.ee

Võru (Estonian pronunciation: [ˈʋɤru]) (Võro: Võro; German: Werro; Russian: Выру (Vyru); Latvian: Veru) is a town and a municipality in south-eastern Estonia. It is the capital of Võru County and the centre of Võru Parish.

History[edit]

Soviet tank in Võru. In Soviet times, near the memorial depicting wedding photos.

Võru was founded on 21 August 1784, according to the wish of the Empress Catherine II of Russia, by the order of Riga Governor general count George Browne, on the site of the former Võru estate.

Geography and climate[edit]

The town is situated on the shore of Lake Tamula. Võru has a humid continental climate with warm summers and cold winters.

Climate data for Võru (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
12.4
(54.3)
18.0
(64.4)
26.9
(80.4)
30.7
(87.3)
33.5
(92.3)
35.2
(95.4)
35.6
(96.1)
29.9
(85.8)
22.2
(72)
13.3
(55.9)
11.2
(52.2)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.3
(37.9)
11.1
(52)
17.7
(63.9)
20.7
(69.3)
23.2
(73.8)
21.7
(71.1)
15.7
(60.3)
9.5
(49.1)
2.8
(37)
−0.9
(30.4)
10.1
(50.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−5.1
(22.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
5.9
(42.6)
11.9
(53.4)
15.5
(59.9)
18.0
(64.4)
16.6
(61.9)
11.3
(52.3)
6.3
(43.3)
0.5
(32.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
6.1
(43)
Average low °C (°F) −7.2
(19)
−8.4
(16.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.1
(34)
6.1
(43)
10.5
(50.9)
13.0
(55.4)
11.9
(53.4)
7.5
(45.5)
3.5
(38.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
2.2
(36)
Record low °C (°F) −35.8
(−32.4)
−35.6
(−32.1)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−12.5
(9.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
0.2
(32.4)
1.7
(35.1)
3.5
(38.3)
−3.8
(25.2)
−14.4
(6.1)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−35.8
(−32.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.81)
34
(1.34)
36
(1.42)
30
(1.18)
52
(2.05)
84
(3.31)
80
(3.15)
86
(3.39)
62
(2.44)
64
(2.52)
51
(2.01)
47
(1.85)
665
(26.18)
Average relative humidity (%) 87 85 79 70 67 73 74 78 82 86 88 89 80
Mean monthly sunshine hours 25.9 57.5 121.9 184.8 261.0 246.6 271.5 228.2 137.2 78.1 29.4 16.7 1,659
Source: Estonian Weather Service[2][3][4][5]

Culture[edit]

The Võru Folklore Festival is held annually in Võru in July since 1995.[6]

Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald, the author of the Estonian national epic "Kalevipoeg", lived in Võru from 1833 to 1877.

Transport[edit]

European route E263 is the main connection with the rest of Estonia. Other roads connect Võru with Põlva, Räpina, Antsla and Valga. Currently inactive ValgaPechory railway passes through Võru.

Military[edit]

Võru is home to Taara Army Base, headquarters of the Kuperjanov Infantry Battalion.[7]

Sports[edit]

Võru is home to Võru Stadium, the home ground of II liiga football team Võru JK.

Twin towns[edit]

Võru is twinned with:[8]

Notable people[edit]

  • Priit Aimla (born 1941) writer, poet, humorist and politician was born in Võru.
  • Helmut Ajango (1931–2013), Estonian-American architect, was born in Võru.
  • Moses Wolf Goldberg (1905–1964), Estonian-Jewish chemist, lived in Võru as a child.
  • Sulev Iva (born 1969), Võro identity advocate, founder of Võro Institute.
  • Meelis Kanep (born 1983), Estonian chess grandmaster, was born in Võru.
  • Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald (1803–1822), Estonian writer and folklorist, the author of Estonian national epic "Kalevipoeg", lived in Võru from 1833 to 1877.
  • Marianne Mikko (born 1961), Estonian politician
  • Priit Narusk (born 1977), Estonian cross-country skier, was born in Võru.
  • Erki Nool (born 1970), Estonian decathlete and politician, was born in Võru.
  • Erki Pehk (born 1968), Estonian conductor, was born in Võru.
  • Anti Saarepuu (born 1983), Estonian cross-country skier, was born in Võru.
  • Leon Sibul (1932–2007), American electrical engineer, was born in Võru.
  • Uku Suviste (born 1982), Estonian singer, was born in Võru.
  • Kaija Udras (born 1986), Estonian cross-country skier, was born in Võru.
  • Kullar Viimne (born 1980), Estonian fillmaker, was born in Võru.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Valitsus". Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Climate normals-Temperature". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "Climate normals-Precipitation". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Climate normals-Humidity". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "Climate normals-Sunshine". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Ajalugu". MTÜ Võru Folkloorifestival. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  7. ^ Ulc, Karol (January 17, 2017). "Russian Paratroopers Could Totally Mess Up the Baltic States". War is Boring. Archived from the original on January 18, 2017. To give one example, the garrison of the Estonian Kuperjanov Infantry Battalion located in Võru is just 50 miles away from the Russian base in Pskov. The range of 9M528 rockets fired from the BM-30 Smerch is 55 miles. 
  8. ^ "Võru sõpruslinnad" (in Estonian). Võru. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 

External links[edit]