Võru County

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Võru County
County of Estonia
Flag of Võru County
Coat of arms of Võru County
Coat of arms
Location of Võru County
Country Estonia
Capital Võru
 • Governor Andres Kõiv
 • Total 2,305.44 km2 (890.14 sq mi)
Population (Jan 2013[1])
 • Total 32,806
 • Density 14/km2 (37/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code EE-86
Vehicle registration V
Website www.vorumaa.ee

Võrumaa or Võru maakond (English: Võru County, Võro: Võro maakund, German: Kreis Werro) officially, is a county in Southern Estonia. It is the only county bordering two different states - Latvia (in the South) and Russian Federation (in the East).

The territory of Võrumaa covers 2,305 km² and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. In January 2013 Võru County had a population of 32,806 – constituting 2.5% of the total population in Estonia. The county is subdivided into 12 rural municipalities and 1 urban municipality - Võru town.

Ethnic Division and Culture[edit]

In Võru County, there are 93,5% Estonians, 3,4% Russians and 3,1% other nationalities.

Two indigenous ethnic groups live in Võru County – the Võro people and the Setos. Both ethnic groups have their own dialect and cultural heritage in traditions.

Võro People[edit]

The Võro Institute is established for the preservation and promotion of the Võro language and culture, which are tightly connected with its historic centre, the rural and mostly agricultural South-Eastern Estonian county of Võromaa.

The Võro Institute was founded by the Estonian government in 1995. The Institute is engaged in a wide range of activities, including establishing school programs, conducting linguistic and regional research, preserving place-names and their corresponding stories, publishing Võro-language scholarship and school textbooks, and organizing annual language conferences etc. The aim of these activities is to encourage the Võro people to speak their own language and to preserve their characteristic life-style.

In 2014, the smoke sauna tradition in Võrumaa was added to the UNESCO list of intangible cultural heritage. Smoke saunas along with sauna rituals are a part of traditional life and cultural heritage of the Võro people. A smoke sauna is an old-fashioned rural sauna, which has no chimney.


The purpose of the Seto Institute is to coordinate and promote research in the field of the Seto region and the Seto culture and to introduce the results of the research to the public. The Seto Institute publishes papers, organizes events and organizes education in the field of Seto culture in cooperation with other organizations in the Seto region. In 2009, the Setos’ polyphonic style of folk singing, called leelo, was added to the UNESCO list of intangible cultural heritage. Believed to be at least 1,000 years old, leelo is considered a special local variant of the Baltic-Finnic runo song tradition.


Võru county's main economic sectors are forestry and wood processing, furniture and food industry and also tourism. According to statistics of 2011, there are 1852 SMEs in Võru County. 47% of enterprises in the county belong to primary sector (agriculture, forestry), 38% of enterprises work in tertiary sector (trade, services) and 15% of enterprises are involved in secondary sector (processing industry). The biggest foreign owned companies based in Võru County are AS Toftan (wood processing), AS Barrus (wood processing), AS Antsla Inno (furniture production), AS Rauameister (metal processing), AS Võru Juust (food processing) and Danpower GmbH (energy production). The county enjoys an advantageous location due to its relative proximity to Pskov in Russia (100 km) and Riga in Latvia (220 km). Accessibility is provided by several transport corridors running through the county. One of the most important transit routes in Estonia, Tallinn-Tartu-Pskov, passes the county. The South-East corner of the county is crossed by the Riga-Pskov-St Petersburg major road. County is strategically placed on trade routes between the East and West.


Võru County has 23 schools with approximately 1500 pupils. One vocational school, Võru County Vocational Training Center, offers 33 different practical curriculums in various levels for 600 students.

Culture and Events[edit]

Võrumaa is a distinctive region bearing the culture of Võro and Seto.

Smaller sub-areas are tightly covered with community centres, libraries, museums and sport centres. Larger cultural and sport facilities are Võru Culture Center Kannel, Võrumaa Central library, Võro Institute, muuseum and art gallery Vana-Võromaa Culture House and Võrumaa Sport Centre.

There are many traditional and non-traditional cultural and sport events taking place in the county, which are organized by different associations and non-profit organizations. Cultural landscape is shaped by events such as Võru Folk Festival, song festival Uma Pido, Ostrova Festival of traditional seto and modern pop music, food fair UMA MEKK, unique Lindora fair, Võhandu International Canoeing Marathon, Haanja Ski Marathon, Rõuge Boar Race and many more.


Võrumaa in its historical borders (Võro: Vana Võromaa) included eight parishes: Karula, Hargla, Urvaste, Rõuge, Kanepi, Põlva, Räpina and Vastseliina. These parishes are currently centered (due to redistricting) in Võru and Põlva Counties with parts extending into Valga and Tartu Counties. From 1944 to 1953, the Estonian Forest Brothers (anti-Soviet partisans) were most active in Võru County.

County Government[edit]

Võru County Government (Maavalitsus) is a regional government agency, directed by the County Governor (maavanem), who represents the national interests in the county and is responsible for the balanced and comprehensive development of the county. County Governor is appointed to the office by the Government of Estonia for a 5 year term, on the proposal of the Minister of Regional Affairs. Since 2010 the Governor position is taken by Andres Kõiv.


Today Võru County consists 13 municipalities that work together to facilitate the county's balanced and sustainable development. 13 municipalities are divided for one urban - Võru town - and 12 rural municipalities (vallad - parishes) - Antsla, Haanja, Lasva, Meremäe, Misso, Mõniste, Rõuge, Sõmerpalu, Urvaste, Varstu, Vastseliina, Võru. In Võru County there are two towns (linnad - Võru and Antsla) and approximately 570 villages.

Urban municipality:

Urvaste Parish Sõmerpalu Parish Antsla Parish Mõniste Parish Varstu Parish Rõuge Parish Haanja Parish Misso Parish Vastseliina Parish Meremäe Parish Lasva Parish Võru Võru Parish
Municipalities of Võru County

Rural municipalities:


  • Hella Keem (1997): Võru keel. Eesti teaduste akadeemia Emakeele selts. Tallinn.
  • Aune Valk (2000): Võrokeste identiteedist. Kadri Koreinik, Jan Rahman (toim.) A kiilt rahvas kynõlõs.. Võrokeste keelest, kommetest, identiteedist (lk. 39–56). Võro Instituut'. Võro.
  1. ^ "Population by sex, ethnic nationality and County, 1 January". stat.ee. Statistics Estonia. 1 January 2010. Retrieved August 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Võru County.

Coordinates: 57°45′N 26°55′E / 57.750°N 26.917°E / 57.750; 26.917