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Vāc (Sanskrit: वाच्, vāc) a Vedic goddess, a personified form of speech. She enters into the inspired poets and visionaries, gives expression and energy to those she loves; she is called the "mother of the Vedas" and consort of Indra in Aitareya Aranyaka.[1] Elsewhere, such as in the Padma Purana, she is stated to be the wife of Vision (Kashyapa), the mother of Emotions, and the friend of Musicians (Gandharva).[1]

She is identified with goddess Sarasvati in later Vedic literature and post-Vedic texts of Hindu traditions. Sarasvati has remained a significant and revered deity in Hinduism.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b The Myths and Gods of India, Alain Daniélou, pages 260-261
  2. ^ David Kinsley (1987). Hindu Goddesses: Visions of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Tradition. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 55, 222. ISBN 978-81-208-0394-7.

Further reading[edit]

  • Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0500510881) by Anna Dhallapiccola
  • Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions (ISBN 8120803795) by David Kinsley
  • Nicholas Kazanas, Vedic Vāc and Greek logos as creative power: a critical study (2009)