V-Dem Institute

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The V-Dem Institute (Varieties of Democracy) is an independent research institute founded by Professor Staffan I. Lindberg in 2014 that studies the qualities of government. The institute is funded by a number of government organizations, World Bank and several research institutions.[1] The headquarters of the project is based at the department of political science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.[2]

Democracy indices[edit]

  Geographic areas without data

The V-Dem Institute publishes a number of high-profile datasets that describe qualities of different governments, annually published and publicly available for free.[3] These datasets are a popular dataset among political scientists, due to information on hundreds of indicator variables describing all aspects of government, especially on the quality of democracy, inclusivity, and other economic indicators.[4] Compared to other measures of democracy (such as the Polity data series and Freedom House's Freedom in the World), the V-Dem Institute's measures of democracy are more granular[5] and 2020 included "more than 470 indicators, 82 mid-level indices, and 5 high-level indices covering 202 polities from the period of 1789–2019."[5] Political scientist Daniel Hegedus describes V-Dem as "the most important provider of quantitative democracy data for scholarly research."[5]

The V-Dem institute also republishes 59 other indicators,[6] and several other[which?] indices which are created, in part, with the assistance of V-Dem indices. The Digital Society Project is a subset of indicators on V-Dem's survey which asks questions about the political status of social media and the internet.[7]

The V-Dem institute also frequently publishes reports on various topics. An annual Democracy Report that describes the state of democracy in the world.[8] The Democracy Report, the dataset, scientific articles, and working papers are free to download on the institute’s website, which also features interactive graphic tools.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "List of all funders of the V-Dem Institute and which type of activities they have been funding".
  2. ^ "Varieties of democracy (V-dem) - Varieties of democracy (V-dem), University of Gothenburg, Sweden".
  3. ^ Redden, Elizabeth (30 March 2020). "Ranking Academic Freedom Globally". Inside Higher Ed.
  4. ^ V-Dem Institute (2022). "The V-Dem Dataset". Retrieved 8 December 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ a b c Hegedüs, Daniel (2020). "Varieties of Democracy: Measuring Two Centuries of Political Change. By Michael Coppedge, John Gerring, Adam Glynn, Carl Henrik Knutsen, Staffan I. Lindberg, Daniel Pemstein, Brigitte Seim, Svend-Erik Skaaning, and Jan Teorell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020. 226p. $99.99 cloth". Perspectives on Politics. 18 (4): 1258–1260. doi:10.1017/S1537592720003059. ISSN 1537-5927.
  6. ^ Rankin, Elizabeth. "New democracy dataset to 'revolutionize' democracy research". Notre Dame News.
  7. ^ Coppedge, Michael, John Gerring, Carl Henrik Knutsen, Staffan I. Lindberg,Jan Teorell, David Altman, Michael Bernhard, Agnes Cornell, M. Steven Fish, Lisa Gastaldi,Haakon Gjerløw, Adam Glynn, Allen Hicken, Anna Lührmann, Seraphine F. Maerz, Kyle L.Marquardt, Kelly McMann, Valeriya Mechkova, Pamela Paxton, Daniel Pemstein, Johannes vonRömer, Brigitte Seim, Rachel Sigman, Svend-Erik Skaaning, Jeffrey Staton, Aksel Sundtröm, EitanTzelgov, Luca Uberti, Yi-ting Wang, Tore Wig, and Daniel Ziblatt. 2021. "V-Dem Codebook v11"Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) Project.[1] Archived 8 June 2021 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "V-Dem: Autocratization continues but resistance grows". 25 March 2020.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]