V.A.M.P. (G.I. Joe)
The V.A.M.P. is a fictional vehicle from the G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero toyline, comic books and cartoon series.
The V.A.M.P. (Vehicle: Attack: Multi Purpose) was first released in 1982. Packaged with the action figure Clutch, the design was essentially a Jeep, with dual-mounted 7.62mm machine guns that swiveled and elevated. The V.A.M.P. Mark II was released in 1984 with a tan-painted Clutch, and instead of the original's green color and twin machine guns, it too was painted tan and equipped with a quad-mount missile launcher (carrying the fictional Stinger XK-1 missile). A Sears exclusive included the V.A.M.P. four-wheeled drive vehicle with the HAL artillery laser. The design of the V.A.M.P. was influenced by the Lamborghini Cheetah prototype.
In 1988, the V.A.M.P. Mark II was repainted and renamed the "Tiger Sting" for the Tiger Force sub-team.
The 2007 version, which lacked the rear guns, was a G.I. Joe convention exclusive. It had a release in 2008, with the figure 'Doubleclutch' (a version of the original), its filecard describes the vehicle being used in attacking Cobra Island.
The vehicle debuts in the first issue of Marvel Comics G.I. Joe series. It is used in an invasion of an island fortress, where Cobra is holding a nuclear physicist. All the Joe's vehicles, including Steeler's M.O.B.A.T., are abandoned due to trickery on the part of Cobra Commander. The soldiers are forced to leave in an enemy aircraft; the Commander's bomb destroys the fortress, the vehicles and much of the surrounding island.
A V.A.M.P. is featured in issue 7, where it is revealed it has a remote control device for its weaponry. When Cobra forces capture the Joes and their temporary allies, the Oktober Guard, all the soldiers are lined up in front of a makeshift firing squad. Clutch uses the remote to kill the squad; everyone else escapes. He later uses the V.A.M.P.'s radio to knock out a Cobra trooper who tried to sneak up on him.[volume & issue needed]
Clutch drives the V.A.M.P. as missile-bait in issue 19. The vehicle, driver and passengers are unscathed, the purpose of the baiting was to destroy a makeshift fortress and convince Cobra they had eliminated the real Joe Headquarters. A V.A.M.P. is used in defense of McGuire Air Force Base, after the Dreadnoks spotted a Dragonfly landing there.
The V.A.M.P. first appears in the "Real American Hero" mini-series.
Both V.A.M.P.s and V.A.M.P. Mark IIs appear in the "Revenge of Cobra" mini-series. During the Joes' defense of Washington DC, a V.A.M.P. is picked up by the high winds and smashes into a bank of energy mirrors. Gung-Ho later drives a V.A.M.P. Mk.2 during the assault on Cobra Temple.
V.A.M.P.s are featured in the Sunbow G.I. Joe cartoon episode, 'The Battle For The Train of Gold'.
A more futuristic version of the V.A.M.P. driven by Long Range appears in the G.I. Joe Sigma 6 cartoon.
- Hidalgo, Pablo (2009). G.I. Joe vs. Cobra: The Essential Guide 1982-2008. Random House. ISBN 978-0-345-51642-8.
- Bellomo, Mark (2009). The Ultimate Guide to G.I. Joe 1982-1994 (2 ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-89689-922-3.
- Bellomo, Mark (2005). The Ultimate Guide to G.I. Joe 1982-1994. Krause Publications. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-89689-922-3.
- Santelmo, Vincent (1994). The Official 30th Anniversary Salute To G.I. Joe 1964-1994. Krause Publications. p. 95. ISBN 0-87341-301-6.
- Santelmo, Vincent (1994). The Official 30th Anniversary Salute To G.I. Joe 1964-1994. Krause Publications. p. 100. ISBN 0-87341-301-6.
- Bellomo, Mark (2005). The Ultimate Guide to G.I. Joe 1982-1994. Krause Publications. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-89689-922-3.
- Bellamo 2009, p. 23.
- Bellomo, Mark (2005). The Ultimate Guide to G.I. Joe 1982-1994. Krause Publications. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-89689-922-3.
- "2007 information". Yojoe.com. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "2008 release information". Yojoe.com. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero #1 (June 1982)
- G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero #7 (Jan. 1983)
- G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero #8 (February 1983)
- G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero #19 (January 1984)
- G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero #30 (December 1984)
- Erickson, Hal (2005). Television cartoon shows: an illustrated encyclopedia, 1949 through 2003, Volume 1. McFarland & Co. p. 376. ISBN 978-0-7864-2099-5.
- "The Battle For The Train of Gold". G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero. Season 1. Episode 23. 16 October 1985.
- Roberts, Matt. "G.I. Joe for Personal Computers". YoJoe.com. Retrieved 20 March 2010.