V455 Andromedae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
V455 Andromedae
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Andromeda
Right ascension  23h 34m 01.4485s[1]
Declination +39° 21′ 40.8665″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 8.5 – 16.5 variable[2]
Spectral type pec(UG)[3]
Apparent magnitude (B) 16.22[4]
Apparent magnitude (R) 16.14[4]
Apparent magnitude (G) 16.0635[1]
Apparent magnitude (J) 15.528[5]
Apparent magnitude (H) 15.199[5]
Apparent magnitude (K) 14.567[5]
Variable type Dwarf Nova[3]
Proper motion (μ) RA: −57.141±0.075 [1] mas/yr
Dec.: −139.317±0.060[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)13.2403 ± 0.0556[1] mas
Distance246 ± 1 ly
(75.5 ± 0.3 pc)
Period (P)81.08 minutes
Inclination (i)75°
Semi-amplitude (K1)
36 km/s
White dwarf
Mass0.6 M
Rotation67.61970396±0.00000072 s
Donor star
Mass0.07 M
Other designations
2MASS J23340144+3921408
Database references

V455 Andromedae (often abbreviated to V455 And) is a dwarf nova in the constellation Andromeda. It has a typical apparent visual magnitude of 16.5, but reached a magnitude of 8.5 during the only observed outburst.


When it was discovered in 2003, during the quiescent phase, V455 Andromedae was classified as a cataclysmic variable, since its spectrum is similar to U Geminorum. V455 Andromedae is therefore a binary star where the primary is a white dwarf that is accreting matter from the secondary donor star. The rotation period of the white dwarf, slightly less than 68 seconds, is shorter than the orbital period so the white dwarf must possess a magnetic field channelling the material from the accretion disk to the poles of the white dwarf. This qualifies V455 Andromedae as a cataclysmic variable of the intermediate polar type. The spin period is expected to become shorter with time, but to date only upper limits on its decreasing trend has been determined.[2]

The mass of the donor star is only 0.07 M. This low mass makes V455 Andromedae similar to WZ Sagittae dwarf novae, which are expected to have a long period between outbursts.[2]


Eclipses in the light curve of V455 Andromedae revealed the binary nature of this star and its orbital period. Only one outburst event has been observed so far: V455 Andromedae brightened by 8 magnitudes during 2007. Such a large increase in brightness implies that this was a superoutburst, and V455 Andromedae is therefore a dwarf nova of the SU Ursae Majoris type. Superhumps were observed during the outburst.[2]

Superhumps have also been reported during quiescence, known as permanent superhumps. An 83.38 min positive superhump was observed in 2000 - 2003,[6] while 80.376 min negative superhumps were seen in 2013 and 2014. This is the first time negative superhumps have been detected in WZ sagittae dwarf novae during quiescence.[7]

V455 Andromedae shows spectroscopic variations in its line profiles with a period of 3.5 hours. This is taken to be the precession period of a warped accretion disk, possibly retrograde precession.[7]

The white dwarf primary pulsates radially with periods of about five or six minutes.[6] These are considered to be incoherent, or possibly to consist of too many different periods to be analysed.[7] Further brightness oscillations are seen with a period of 67.28 s, which is a beat period between the spin period and the spectroscopic period.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. ^ a b c d e Mukadam, Anjum S.; Pyrzas, Stylianos; Townsley, D. M.; Gänsicke, B. T.; Hermes, J. J.; Szkody, Paula; Kemp, Jonathan; Patterson, J.; Ding, Claire; Wolf, Katie; Gemma, Marina; Karamehmetoglu, Emir; Rock, John (2016). "Constraining the Angular Momentum Evolution of V455 Andromedae". The Astrophysical Journal. 821 (1): 14. Bibcode:2016ApJ...821...14M. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/821/1/14.
  3. ^ a b N. N. Samus; O. V. Durlevich; et al. "V455 And database entry". Combined General Catalog of Variable Stars (2017 ed.). CDS. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  4. ^ a b Database entry, VizieR Online Data Catalog: UCAC4 Catalogue (Zacharias+, 2012), N. Zacharias et al., CDS ID I/322A Accessed on line 2018-11-06.
  5. ^ a b c Cutri, R. M.; Skrutskie, M. F.; Van Dyk, S.; et al. (June 2003). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: 2MASS All-Sky Catalog of Point Sources (Cutri+ 2003)". CDS/ADC Collection of Electronic Catalogues (2246): II/246. Bibcode:2003yCat.2246....0C.
  6. ^ a b c Araujo-Betancor, S.; Gänsicke, B. T.; Hagen, H.-J.; Marsh, T. R.; Harlaftis, E. T.; Thorstensen, J.; Fried, R. E.; Schmeer, P.; Engels, D. (2005). "HS 2331+3905: The cataclysmic variable that has it all". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 430 (2): 629–642. arXiv:astro-ph/0410223. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20041736.
  7. ^ a b c d Kozhevnikov, V. P. (2015). "Extensive photometry of the WZ Sge-type dwarf nova V455 and (HS2331+3905): Detection of negative superhumps and coherence features of the short-period oscillations". New Astronomy. 41: 59–66. arXiv:1506.03217. Bibcode:2015NewA...41...59K. doi:10.1016/j.newast.2015.06.002.