Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||06h 22m 44.503s|
|Declination||−00° 20′ 44.72″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||11.2|
|Spectral type||K5 V + black hole|
|Variable type||X-ray nova, Ellipsoidal|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||−5 ± 12 km/s|
|Distance||3460 ± 390 ly |
(1060 ± 120 pc)
|Period (P)||7.75234 ± 0.00010 hr|
|Inclination (i)||50.98 ± 0.87°|
|Periastron epoch (T)||JD 2446082.7481 ± 0.0008|
|457 ± 8 km/s|
|Mass||6.61 ± 0.25 M☉|
|Mass||0.40 ± 0.045 M☉|
A0620-00 consists of two objects. The first object is a K-type main-sequence star with a spectral type of K5 V. The second object cannot be seen, but based on its calculated mass of 6.6 M☉, it is too massive to be a neutron star and must therefore be a stellar-mass black hole. At a distance of about roughly 3,300 light-years (1,000 parsecs) away, this would make A0620-00 the nearest known black hole to the Solar System, closer than GRO J1655-40. The two objects orbit each other every 7.75 hours.
A0620-00 has undergone two X-ray outbreaks. The first one was in 1917. The second time, in 1975, the burst was detected by the Ariel 5 satellite. During that time, A0620-00 was the brightest X-ray point source. It is now classified as an X-ray nova.
The black hole in A0620-00 pulls matter from the K-type star into an accretion disk. The accretion disk emits significant amounts of visible light and X-rays. Because the K-type star has been pulled into an ellipsoidal shape, the amount of surface area visible, and thus the apparent brightness changes from the Earth's perspective. A0620-00 also bears the variable star designation V616 Monocerotis.
Stephen Hawking memorial broadcast
On June 15, 2018, a signal was transmitted from the European Space Agency big radio antenna at Cebreros Station (77 kilometers west of Madrid, Spain), in memory of Stephen Hawking, who died on March 14, 2018, and his work on the physics of black holes. The broadcast will travel the 3457 light year distance at the speed of light and will arrive in the year 5475; this will be the first ever human interaction with a black hole. 1A 0620-00 was chosen for this broadcast as it is the closest currently known black hole to Earth.
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- Cantrell, Andrew G.; Bailyn, Charles D.; Orosz, Jerome A.; McClintock, Jeffrey E.; Remillard, Ronald A.; Froning, Cynthia S.; Neilsen, Joseph; Gelino, Dawn M.; Gou, Lijun (2010). "The Inclination of the Soft X-Ray Transient A0620-00 and the Mass of its Black Hole". The Astrophysical Journal. 710 (2): 1127–1141. arXiv:1001.0261. Bibcode:2010ApJ...710.1127C. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/710/2/1127.
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- McClintock, J. E.; Remillard, R. A. (1986). "The black hole binary A0620-00". Astrophysical Journal. 308: 110–122. Bibcode:1986ApJ...308..110M. doi:10.1086/164482.
- Foellmi, Cédric (2009). "What is the closest black hole to the Sun?". New Astronomy. 14 (8): 674–691. arXiv:0812.4232. Bibcode:2009NewA...14..674F. doi:10.1016/j.newast.2009.04.003.
- Eachus, L. J.; Wright, E. L.; Liller, W. (1976). "Optical observations of the recurrent nova associated with A0620-00 - 1917-1975". Astrophysical Journal. 2. 203: L17–L19. Bibcode:1976ApJ...203L..17E. doi:10.1086/182009.
- Elvis, M.; Page, C. G.; Pounds, K. A.; Ricketts, M. J.; Turner, M. J. L. (1975). "Discovery of powerful transient X-ray source A0620-00 with Ariel V Sky Survey Experiment". Nature. 257: 656, 657. Bibcode:1975Natur.257..656E. doi:10.1038/257656a0.
- Stephen Hawking. [Prof Hawking: A fitting way to go https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-cambridgeshire-44500291 "Stephen Hawking memorial"] "BBC", 15th June 2018.
- Kelly, Guy; Davies, Gareth (15 June 2018). "Stephen Hawking laid to rest between graves of Sir Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
- "A0620-00". Black Hole Encyclopedia. StarDate. 12 February 2012.