VAG Class DT1

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VAG Class DT1
Nürnberg U-Bahn DT1.jpg
A DT1 train in service on line U1 in June 2016
ManufacturerMAN
Constructed1970–1984
Scrapped2010–
Number built128 vehicles (64 sets)
Number scrapped24 vehicles (12 sets)
Formation2 cars per trainset
Fleet numbers401/402–527/528
Capacity290 (98 seated)
Operator(s)VAG
Specifications
Car body constructionAluminium
Train length36,550 mm (119 ft 11 in)
Width2,900 mm (9 ft 6 in)
Height3,550 mm (11 ft 8 in)
Doors3 pairs per side
Maximum speed80 km/h (50 mph)
Weight51.7 t
Traction systemDirect current, three-phase
Power output720 kW (DC drive version)
800 kW (Three-phase version)
Electric system(s)750 V DC, 3rd rail
Current collection methodcontact shoe
pantograph (maintenance only)
Braking system(s)Electric brake, pneumatic brake, spring accumulator brake, magnetic track brake
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

The VAG Class DT1 (colloquially called "Pegnitzpfeil"[1]) is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft Nürnberg on the Nuremberg U-Bahn system since its opening in 1972. It is a derivative of the MVG Class A, in service on the Munich U-Bahn since 1971.[2][3]

Formation[edit]

Every DT1 train consists of two permanently-coupled cars, forming a twin-unit. The trains are equipped with automatic couplers, enabling operation of up to two units together to form a four-car train.[2]

Numbering xxx xxx+1
Capacity (total/seated) 145/49 145/49
Weight (t) 51,7

Interior[edit]

Seating accommodation consists of transverse seating bays. Passengers can look into the adjacent car through two windows in the inner car end.[2]

Technical specifications[edit]

The design is derived from the MVG Class A. Differences include a magnetic track brake system, which Munich's Class A trains don't have.[3][2] The car bodies are made out of aluminium, and the trains are powered by direct current motors. Beginning with units 465/466, built from 1980 until the end of production in 1984, the trains were delivered with three-phase motors.[2] Besides the power supply by contact shoes, every unit is also equipped with a pantograph, as parts of the maintenance facilities are electrified with overhead lines.[2][1]

History[edit]

The trains were built from 1970 until 1984,[2] and entered passenger service on March 1, 1972, together with the official opening of the Nuremberg U-Bahn system.[4] DT1 units were lent to Munich on two occasions, were they operated on the Munich U-Bahn system.[3] They were in service in Munich in 1972, which had a shortage of rolling stock during the 1972 Summer Olympics and in 1980, during the visit of Pope John Paul II.[2] Following their service in Munich, units 401/402, 403/404, 409/410, 423/424, 425/426 and 427/428 carried commemorative stickers with the Munich Coat of Arms next to the doors of the driving cabs.[3]

Twelve sets were scrapped in 2010.[5][6] The DT1 trains are scheduled to be replaced by new VAG Class G1 trains, which are planned to enter service in mid-2019.[7] One DT1 train will be preserved.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wagenpark und Fahrzeugwerkstätten" [Fleet and maintenance facilities]. Zug um Zug · U-Bahn Nürnberg - Eine Dokumentation zum Jubiläum [Zug um Zug · Nuremberg U-Bahn - A documentary for the anniversary] (in German). Stadt Nürnberg - Tiefbauamt/U-Bahnbau. 1992. pp. 150–153. ISBN 3-9802690-1-9.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Pabst, Martin (2006). S-Bahn- und U-Bahn-Fahrzeuge in Deutschland [S-Bahn and U-Bahn vehicles in Germany] (in German) (2nd ed.). GeraMond. pp. 74, 75, 78–81. ISBN 3-7654-7366-9.
  3. ^ a b c d Pischek, Wolfgang; Junghardt, Holger (2012). Die Münchner U-Bahn - unterirdisch durch die bayerische Landeshauptstadt [The Munich U-Bahn - underground through the Bavarian State capital] (in German) (3rd ed.). Munich: GeraMond. pp. 46, 49, 75, 76. ISBN 3-7654-7194-1.
  4. ^ Grewe, Tilmann (March 7, 2012). "40 Jahre U-Bahn: Ein Prestige-Projekt feiert Jubiläum" [40 years U-Bahn: A prestige project celebrates its anniversary]. nordbayern.de (in German). Verlag Nürnberger Presse Druckhaus Nürnberg GmbH & Co. KG. Archived from the original on September 10, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  5. ^ a b Altonordu, Volkan (December 1, 2010). "Nürnbergs erste U-Bahnen sind nur noch Altmetall" [Nurembergs first U-Bahn trains are now just scrap metal]. nordbayern.de (in German). Verlag Nürnberger Presse Druckhaus Nürnberg GmbH & Co. KG. Archived from the original on September 10, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  6. ^ a b Völklein, Marco (September 1, 2014). "Reif für die Schrottpresse" [Ready for the scrapyard]. Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German). Archived from the original on April 18, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  7. ^ "Nürnbergs neue U-Bahnen: Erste Fotos der Pegnitz-Pfeile" [Nurembergs new U-Bahn trains: First pictures of the Pegnitz-Arrows]. nordbayern.de (in German). Verlag Nürnberger Presse Druckhaus Nürnberg GmbH & Co. KG. April 17, 2018. Archived from the original on September 10, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2018.

External links[edit]