VAG Class DT1
|VAG Class DT1|
A DT1 train in service on line U1 in June 2016
|Number built||128 vehicles (64 sets)|
|Number scrapped||24 vehicles (12 sets)|
|Formation||2 cars per trainset|
|Capacity||290 (98 seated)|
|Car body construction||Aluminium|
|Train length||36,550 mm (119 ft 11 in)|
|Width||2,900 mm (9 ft 6 in)|
|Height||3,550 mm (11 ft 8 in)|
|Doors||3 pairs per side|
|Maximum speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
|Traction system||Direct current, three-phase|
|Power output||720 kW (DC drive version)|
800 kW (Three-phase version)
|Electric system(s)||750 V DC, 3rd rail|
|Current collection method||contact shoe|
pantograph (maintenance only)
|Braking system(s)||Electric brake, pneumatic brake, spring accumulator brake, magnetic track brake|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The VAG Class DT1 (colloquially called "Pegnitzpfeil") is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft Nürnberg on the Nuremberg U-Bahn system since its opening in 1972. It is a derivative of the MVG Class A, in service on the Munich U-Bahn since 1971.
Every DT1 train consists of two permanently-coupled cars, forming a twin-unit. The trains are equipped with automatic couplers, enabling operation of up to two units together to form a four-car train.
Seating accommodation consists of transverse seating bays. Passengers can look into the adjacent car through two windows in the inner car end.
The design is derived from the MVG Class A. Differences include a magnetic track brake system, which Munich's Class A trains don't have. The car bodies are made out of aluminium, and the trains are powered by direct current motors. Beginning with units 465/466, built from 1980 until the end of production in 1984, the trains were delivered with three-phase motors. Besides the power supply by contact shoes, every unit is also equipped with a pantograph, as parts of the maintenance facilities are electrified with overhead lines.
The trains were built from 1970 until 1984, and entered passenger service on March 1, 1972, together with the official opening of the Nuremberg U-Bahn system. DT1 units were lent to Munich on two occasions, were they operated on the Munich U-Bahn system. They were in service in Munich in 1972, which had a shortage of rolling stock during the 1972 Summer Olympics and in 1980, during the visit of Pope John Paul II. Following their service in Munich, units 401/402, 403/404, 409/410, 423/424, 425/426 and 427/428 carried commemorative stickers with the Munich Coat of Arms next to the doors of the driving cabs.
Twelve sets were scrapped in 2010. The DT1 trains are scheduled to be replaced by new VAG Class G1 trains, which are planned to enter service in mid-2019. One DT1 train will be preserved.
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- Pabst, Martin (2006). S-Bahn- und U-Bahn-Fahrzeuge in Deutschland [S-Bahn and U-Bahn vehicles in Germany] (in German) (2nd ed.). GeraMond. pp. 74, 75, 78–81. ISBN 3-7654-7366-9.
- Pischek, Wolfgang; Junghardt, Holger (2012). Die Münchner U-Bahn - unterirdisch durch die bayerische Landeshauptstadt [The Munich U-Bahn - underground through the Bavarian State capital] (in German) (3rd ed.). Munich: GeraMond. pp. 46, 49, 75, 76. ISBN 3-7654-7194-1.
- Grewe, Tilmann (March 7, 2012). "40 Jahre U-Bahn: Ein Prestige-Projekt feiert Jubiläum" [40 years U-Bahn: A prestige project celebrates its anniversary]. nordbayern.de (in German). Verlag Nürnberger Presse Druckhaus Nürnberg GmbH & Co. KG. Archived from the original on September 10, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- Altonordu, Volkan (December 1, 2010). "Nürnbergs erste U-Bahnen sind nur noch Altmetall" [Nurembergs first U-Bahn trains are now just scrap metal]. nordbayern.de (in German). Verlag Nürnberger Presse Druckhaus Nürnberg GmbH & Co. KG. Archived from the original on September 10, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- Völklein, Marco (September 1, 2014). "Reif für die Schrottpresse" [Ready for the scrapyard]. Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German). Archived from the original on April 18, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- "Nürnbergs neue U-Bahnen: Erste Fotos der Pegnitz-Pfeile" [Nurembergs new U-Bahn trains: First pictures of the Pegnitz-Arrows]. nordbayern.de (in German). Verlag Nürnberger Presse Druckhaus Nürnberg GmbH & Co. KG. April 17, 2018. Archived from the original on September 10, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to VAG Class DT1.|
- VAG fleet information (in German)