VDL Nedcar Factory at Born, Netherlands
|Predecessor||DAF Car B.V. (1968-1975)|
Volvo Car B.V. (1975-1992)
NedCar B.V. (1992-2012)
|Willem van der Leegte|
(Chairman VDL Groep B.V.)
Paul van Vuuren
(CEO VDL Nedcar B.V.)
|168,969 vehicles (2017)|
|Revenue||€2,841 billion (2017)|
|Owner||VDL Groep B.V.|
Number of employees
VDL Nedcar is an automotive manufacturing company in Born, Netherlands. Since December 2012 it is owned by the Dutch industrial conglomerate VDL Groep. Previously it was owned by Mitsubishi Motors and Volvo, and has its origins as a DAF factory, being officially inaugurated in June 1968.
It is the only large-scale car manufacturer in the Netherlands, with a 927,000-square metre site, and a production capacity of approximately 200,000 vehicles per year. Nedcar produced its millionth vehicle, a Mitsubishi Space Star, on October 4, 2000. The factory itself has produced more than 4.5 million cars since 1967.
The factory was founded in 1967 by the former Van Doorne's Automobiel Fabriek (DAF), and continued after the takeover of its parent by Volvo in 1972–1975. When financial difficulties threatened to close it down in the early 1990s the government stepped in to ensure its survival.
A joint venture between the Dutch State, Volvo and Mitsubishi Motors began in August 1991, although it was 1996 before the name was officially changed from Volvo Car B.V. to Netherlands Car B.V. On February 15, 1999 the Dutch government sold its shares to its two partners, which then owned 50 percent each. Later, on March 30, 2001, Volvo sold its shares to Mitsubishi, which then owned 100 percent. The plant's long-term survival was in question from 2001, when then Mitsubishi Motors Chief Operating Officer Rolf Eckrodt stated that its annual vehicle production capacity had to increase to 280,000 if it wished to remain economically viable. The last Volvo automobiles were built in 2004.
Between 2004 and 2012 the Mitsubishi Colt was built at Nedcar. The factory also produced the Colt's sister vehicle, the Smart Forfour, for DaimlerChrysler until production ceased in mid-2006. Industrial action was taken in 2005 in protest against the discontinuation of the Smart Forfour, although Mitsubishi confirmed its commitment to keeping the factory open as far as the end of the Colt's life cycle in 2009. Since then, European market versions of the Mitsubishi Outlander have had their production transferred from Japan to the Netherlands from 2008 while the Outlander-based Citroen C-Crosser and Peugeot 4007 were also planned to be assembled at Born for the European market, but this was postponed indefinitely because of slow sales of these models. Labour union FNV, NedCar COO Joost Goovaarts and the works council have said it is a step towards securing the future of the plant.
In 2012, Mitsubishi announced it would stop producing cars in the Netherlands.
Dutch coach manufacturer VDL acquired the factory in December 2012 and renamed it VDL Nedcar. VDL entered negotiations with BMW which resulted in the announcement that certain Mini models would be produced in the Limburg factory from 2014 onwards.
In 2017, VDL Nedcar is also producing the BMW X1 (F48). VDL Nedcar shares production with BMW Group plant Regensburg.
- Mini Hatch (2014-present)
- Mini Convertible (2015-present), only plant that assembles the Mini Convertible
- Mini Countryman (2016-present), 
- BMW X1 (F48) (2017-present)
Past models and production years
- DAF 33 (1967–1972)
- DAF 44 (1967–1975)
- DAF 55 (1968–1972)
- DAF 66 (1972–1975)
- DAF 46 (1975–1976)
- Volvo 66 (1975–1981)
- Volvo 340/360 (1976–1991)
- Volvo 480 (1986–1995)
- Volvo 440/460 (1987–1997)
- Volvo S40/V40 (1995–2004)
- Mitsubishi Carisma (1995–2004)
- Mitsubishi Space Star (1998–2005)
- Smart Forfour (2004–2006)
- Mitsubishi Colt (2004–2012)
- Mitsubishi Outlander (2008–2012)
|1992||94,019||Volvo 440/460, Volvo 480|
|1993||80,246||Volvo 440/460, Volvo 480|
|1994||92,044||Volvo 440/460, Volvo 480|
|1995||98,454||Volvo 440/460, Volvo 480, Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma|
|1996||145,090||Volvo 440/460, Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma|
|1997||197,225||Volvo 440/460, Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma|
|1998||242,804||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|1999||262,196||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|2000||214,974||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|2001||189,188||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|2002||182,368||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|2003||163,130||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|2004||187,600||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Space Star, Smart Forfour|
|2005||115,079||Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Space Star, Smart Forfour|
|2006||87,332||Mitsubishi Colt, Smart Forfour|
|2008||59,223||Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Outlander|
|2009||50,620||Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Outlander|
|2010||48,025||Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Outlander|
|2011||40,772||Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Outlander|
|2012||24,895||Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Outlander|
|2014||29,196||MINI Hatch (assembly contract BMW)|
|2015||57,019 ||MINI Hatch and Convertible (assembly contract BMW)|
|2016||87,609 ||MINI Hatch, MINI Convertible and MINI Countryman (assembly contract BMW)|
|2017||168,969 ||BMW X1, MINI Hatch, Convertible, Countryman, and Countryman Hybrid (assembly contract BMW)|
In 2011, the Nedcar factory produced 4.3% of the global output of Mitsubishi. However, vehicle assembly for Mitsubishi came to an end during 2012.
NedCar displayed the Access concept car at the 1996 Geneva Motor Show to demonstrate the company's product design and engineering capabilities. It was a 5-door hatchback, 4.25 m long and fitted with a four-cylinder petrol engine. It was constructed with a mix of aluminium and plastics.
- "Annual Report 2017" (PDF). VDL Groep. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
- "Key facts and figures", Nedcar official site
- "1,000,000th NedCar car produced", Mitsubishi Motors press release, October 4, 2000
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-19. Retrieved 2014-01-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Netherlands Car B.V. to become MMC subsidiary after acquisition of additional shares" Archived 2014-02-01 at the Wayback Machine, Mitsubishi Motors press release, April 4, 2001
- "NedCar production target", Meuse-Rhine Journal, September 22, 2001
- "Mitsubishi Motors to Unveil New European Colt at Geneva Motor Show", Mitsubishi Motors press release, January 26, 2004
- "Strike at Mitsubishi factory", 4Car, April 21, 2006
- ,"Mitsubishi Motors transfers Outlander production for Europe", Mitsubishi Motors press release, September 18, 2007
- "Mitsubishi Motors transfers production of SUV for PSA Peugeot Citroen", Mitsubishi Motors press release, March 27, 2008
- "What next for Mitsubishi's NedCar and Normal plants?". Automotive World. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
- "SUV redt Nedcar voor een paar jaar". Frits Baltesen, NRC Handelsblad, September 18, 2007
- "Notice regarding conclusion of a principal agreement on share transfer of the European subsidiary production site" (PDF). Mitsubishi Motors. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "Nedcar rescue deal finalised". dutchnews. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "Official start to Mini production in the Netherlands". Automotive Logistics. 22 July 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
- "BMW Group confirms additional production of BMW X1 at VDL Nedcar". www.press.bmwgroup.com. Retrieved 2017-01-25.
- "What Next For Mitsubishi's NedCar And Normal Plants?". Automotive World. 21 October 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "Kengetallen / Key figures .... Productievolume (stuks) / Production volume (units)" (PDF). Financieel jaarverslag - Annual report 2012. VDL Nedcar (previously Netherlands Car B.V. – NedCar for short –). 24 May 2013. p. 6. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
- "KEY FIGURES ... Production volume (units)" (PDF). ANNUAL REPORT 2015. VDL Nedcar B.V. (VDL Nedcar). 18 April 2016. p. 4. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
- "REPORT OF THE MANAGEMENT BOARD ... Products and production volume" (PDF). ANNUAL REPORT 2015. VDL Nedcar B.V. (VDL Nedcar). 18 April 2016. p. 8. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
- "Products and production volume, Page 9" (PDF). VDL Annual Report 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
- "Products and production volume, Page 14" (PDF). VDL Annual Report 2017. Retrieved 8 Dec 2018.
- "PROFILE OF VDL NEDCAR" (PDF). ANNUAL REPORT 2015. VDL Nedcar B.V. (VDL Nedcar). 18 April 2016. p. 3. Retrieved 19 July 2015.