Phnom Penh International Airport

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Phnom Penh International Airport
អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ
Aéroport International de Phnom Penh
Cambodia Airport group logo.png
Phnom penh airport.JPG
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Operator Cambodia Airport Management Services
Serves Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Hub for Bassaka Air
Cambodia Angkor Air
Cambodia Bayon Airlines
JC International Airlines
Lanmei Airlines (begins October 2017)
Elevation AMSL 40 ft / 12 m
Coordinates 11°32′47″N 104°50′38″E / 11.54639°N 104.84389°E / 11.54639; 104.84389Coordinates: 11°32′47″N 104°50′38″E / 11.54639°N 104.84389°E / 11.54639; 104.84389
Website www.cambodia-airports.com/index.php
Map
PNH is located in Cambodia
PNH
PNH
Location of airport in Cambodia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,000 10,000 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passenger movements 3,388,553 Increase10.05%
Airfreight movements in tonnes 45,655 Increase25.5%
Aircraft movements 33,435 Increase6.45%

Phnom Penh International Airport (IATA: PNHICAO: VDPP) (Khmer: អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ French: Aéroport International de Phnom Penh), is the largest airport in Cambodia containing land area of 400 hectares. It is located 10 kilometres (5.4 NM) west of Phnom Penh, the nation's capital.

History[edit]

Phnom Penh airport's former name was Pochentong International Airport (Khmer: អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិពោធិ៍ចិនតុង).

On 6 July 1995, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) signed a concession agreement with the French–Malaysian joint venture company Société Concessionaire d'Aéroport (SCA), to operate Phnom Penh (PNH) – Pochentong International Airport. In return for a 20-year concession, SCA—70 percent owned by Groupe GTM and 30 percent by Muhibbah Masterron of Malaysia—committed to a $100 million improvement program that includes the construction of a new runway, terminal and cargo buildings, hangars, installation of a Cat III level Instrument Landing System (ILS) and associated approach lighting.

The Berger Group was selected by the RGC to provide independent engineering services during the concession, to audit the design and to advise on the practicality and cost of the concession's proposed improvements. The Berger team also supervised the initial works to accommodate widebody aircraft such as 747s, including asphalt concrete runway overlays; installation of new ILS, metrological equipment, runway lighting and generator and power systems; and construction of a new fire station, taxiway and turn-pad extensions.

Following the successful completion of the initial works, the Berger team provided design review and independent engineering services for the construction of a new 20,000-square-metre (220,000 sq ft) terminal building to accommodate growing tourist traffic. The $20 million terminal building includes four mobile aerobridges, over 1000 auto parking spaces and VIP and CIP facilities.

The airport also has a Dairy Queen inside. It is one of the first international franchises that have opened up in Cambodia. Also, the first Starbucks Coffee, in Cambodia, has also just been opened in the new terminal.

Facilities[edit]

The airport is at an elevation of 40 feet (12 m) above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 05/23 with an asphalt surface measuring 3,000 by 50 metres (9,840 ft × 160 ft).[1][2]

The airport has two terminal buildings – one for international and one for domestic operations. Recently, it added a new facility for VIP service. The international terminal has 4 aerobridges built in 2003 and 3 other aerobridges has been added more due to the passenger terminal expansion in 2016-2017. The airport's design capacity is 5 million people per year.

Airfield[edit]

Cambodia national air carrier Cambodia Angkor Air at Phnom Penh International Airport.
  • Length: 3,000 metres (9,800 ft)
  • Width: 50 metres (160 ft)
  • Orientation: 50° – 225° (QFU 05 – 23)
  • Pavement structure: bituminous overlay on a concrete base
  • Perpendicular taxiways (30 metres or 98 feet wide plus shoulders 5 metres or 16 feet wide each): 5
  • Peak hour capacity: 20 movements (taxiways)
  • Number of stands: 20
    • Concrete area: 50,000 square metres (540,000 sq ft), 10 stands
    • Asphalt area: 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft), 10 stands
    • Total area: 70,000 square metres (750,000 sq ft)
  • Navigation aids and visual aids:
    • VOR/DME
    • ILS
    • Meteo

Future development[edit]

Cambodia Airports group plan to extend the Phnom Penh international airport passenger terminal building and increase the capacity of passenger visits and transit through this destination up to 3 million per year in the future. The construction started in 2013 and is expected to finish by 2017.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Bangkok Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Bassaka Air Macau, Siem Reap
Seasonal: Changsha, Xi'an
Beijing Capital Airlines Haikou
Cambodia Angkor Air Guangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Shanghai–Pudong , Siem Reap, Sihanoukville
Cambodia Bayon Airlines Ho Chi Minh City(resumes 29 October 2017), Siem Reap, Sihanoukville
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Nanning, Shanghai–Pudong
Seasonal: Nanjing, Wuhan
China Express Airlines Zhanjiang
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Shenzhen[3]
Seasonal: Shantou
Emirates Dubai–International, Yangon[4]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Hainan Airlines Guangzhou,[5] Sanya
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore
JC International Airlines Bangkok–Don Mueang, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi(end 26 September 2017), Kuala Lumpur–International, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville, Taipei–Taoyuan
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Lanmei Airlines Siem Reap (begins 12 October 2017)[6]
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur–International (begins 1 October 2017)[7]
Qatar Airways Doha, Ho Chi Minh City
Shandong Airlines Chongqing
SilkAir Singapore
Sky Angkor Airlines Chater: Wuhan
Spring Airlines Guangzhou,[8] Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen[9]
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
VietJet Air Ho Chi Minh City (begins 24 November 2017) [10]
Vietnam Airlines Ho Chi Minh City, Vientiane

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Singapore
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong, Penang, Singapore[11]
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum[12]
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk
K-Mile Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Qatar Airways Doha
Raya Airways Kuala Lumpur–Subang, Kota Kinabalu
SF Airlines Shenzhen

Statistics[edit]

Statistics for Phnom Penh International Airport[13][14]
Year Total passengers Change from previous year Total aircraft movements Change from previous year
1998 600,000 6,000
1999 700,000 8,000
2000 800,000 9,000
2001 900,000 17,000
2002 900,000 18,000
2003 900,000 16,000
2004 1,200,000 18,000
2005 1,081,745 Decrease9.85% 17,035 Decrease5.36%
2006 1,322,267 Increase22.23% 19,282 Increase13.19%
2007 1,598,424 Increase20.88% 20,881 Increase8.29%
2008 1,691,870 Increase5.84% 20,383 Decrease2.38%
2009 1,587,986 Decrease6.14% 20,352 Decrease0.15%
2010 1,673,421 Increase5.38% 20,156 Decrease0.96%
2011 1,839,892 Increase9.95% 21,365 Increase6.0%
2012 2,077,282 Increase12.9% 22,534 Increase5.47%
2013 2,393,680 Increase15.23% 26,583 Increase17.97%
2014 2,665,894 Increase11.37% 27,936 Increase5.09%
2015 3,079,068 Increase15.50% 31,409 Increase12.43%
2016 3,388,553 Increase10.05% 33,435 Increase6.45%

International terminal profile[edit]

  • Total capacity: 2 million passengers
    • Surface: 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft)
    • Waiting lounges: 2,000 square metres (22,000 sq ft)
    • VIP Lounge: 500 square metres (5,400 sq ft)
    • Food & Beverage: 500 square metres (5,400 sq ft)
    • Duty Free: 1,000 square metres (11,000 sq ft)
  • Seat capacity: 500
  • Check-in counters: 32
  • Visa, Immigration and Customs counters: 20
  • Number of gates: 7 with airbridges, 10 with bus access
  • Baggage conveyors: 5 (International)
  • Car parking: 500

Domestic terminal profile[edit]

Departure side

  • Handling capacity Domestic Departures Terminal: 1000 passengers per hour.
  • Floor surface
  • Boarding gates

Arrival side (open space concept)

  • Floor surface
  • Garden
  • Total capacity: 1 million passengers/year

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 3 December 1973, Douglas DC-3 XW-PHV of Air Union was reported to have crashed shortly after take-off.[15]
  • On 19 January 1975, Douglas C-47A XU-HAK, Douglas DC-3 XU-KAL of Khmer Hansa and Douglas C-47A N86AC of South East Asia Air Transport were all destroyed in a rocket attack on the airport.[16][17][18]
  • On 22 February 1975, Douglas C-47A XU-GAJ of Khmer Hansa was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[19]
  • On 10 March 1975, a Douglas DC-3 of Samaki Airlines was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[20]
  • On 11 March 1975, a Douglas DC-3 of Khmer Hansa was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[21]
  • In March 1975, Vickers Viscount XW-TDN of Royal Air Lao crashed at Phnom Penh International Airport. The pilot was not qualified to fly the aircraft. All four people on board were killed.[22] Accident aircraft also reported as XW-TFK with a date of 15 March.[23]
  • On 11 April 1975, a Douglas DC-3 (possibly XW-PKT) of Sorya Airlines was hit by shrapnel shortly after take-off. The aircraft was destroyed by fire and two of the three occupants were killed.[24] The same day, Douglas C-47B XW-TFB of Air Cambodge was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[25]
  • 3 September 1997: Vietnam Airlines Flight 815, operated by a Tupolev Tu-134 crashed on approach to Pochentong Airport, killing 65 of the 66 passengers on board. The aircraft was entirely destroyed. The aircraft was flying from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh.[26] The Tupolev was approaching the Phnom Penh airport runway in heavy rain from 2,000 meters; at this point the control tower ordered the pilot to attempt an approach from the west due to a wind pick-up. The crew then lost communication with the tower, and three minutes later the aircraft collided at low level with trees, damaging the left wing. The aircraft then slid 200 yards into a dry rice paddy before exploding. Pilot error was later identified as the cause of the crash; the pilot continued his landing descent from an altitude of 2,000 meters to 30 meters even though the runway was not in sight, and ignored pleas from his first officer and flight engineer to turn back. When the aircraft hit the trees, the pilot finally realized the runway was not in sight and tried to abort the approach; the flight engineer pushed for full power, but the aircraft lost control and veered left; the right engine then stalled, making it impossible to gain lift.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for VDPP from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  2. ^ http://www.schedule-coordination.jp/apaca/db%20pdf/cambodia1.pdf
  3. ^ "China Southern adds Shenzhen – Phnom Penh service from late-March 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  4. ^ https://www.emirates.com/media-centre/emirates-to-offer-services-to-phnom-penh-in-cambodia
  5. ^ "Hainan Airlines expands Guangzhou - SE Asia routes in late-July 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  6. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274471/lanmei-airlines-files-preliminary-schedule-from-sep-2017/
  7. ^ http://www.malindoair.com/promo/hello-phnom-penh
  8. ^ "Spring Airlines adjusts planned Guangzhou international routes in Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Spring Airlines launches new Phnom Penh routes in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 24 February 2017. 
  10. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274863/vietjet-air-adds-phnom-penh-service-from-nov-2017/
  11. ^ "Cathay to open air freight Cambodia". Phnom Penh Post. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  12. ^ April 2016|accessdate=7 April 2016
  13. ^ http://www.azworldairports.com/cfm/frame.cfm?src=http://www.azworldairports.com/airports/p2720mme.htm
  14. ^ "Traffic Data". Retrieved 2015-10-05. 
  15. ^ "XW-PHV Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 26 August 2010. 
  16. ^ "XU-HAK Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  17. ^ "XU-KAL Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  18. ^ "N86AC Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  19. ^ "XU-GAJ Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  20. ^ "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 
  21. ^ "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 
  22. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  23. ^ "Vickers Viscount". BAAA/ACRO. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  24. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  25. ^ "XW-TFB Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  26. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 October 2009. 
  27. ^ "VN-A120 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 May 2011. 

External links[edit]