VEF I-12

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VEF J-12 IoM.png
Role Single engine, two seat cabin sports and trainer aircraft
Manufacturer Valsts elektrotehniskā fabrika (VEF)
Designer Kārlis Irbītis
First flight 26 June 1937
Number built 12
Developed from VEF I-11.

The VEF I-12 was a tandem, two seat Latvian trainer aircraft designed by Kārlis Irbītis and produced by VEF in Riga.

Design and development[edit]

The single engine, tandem, two seat I-12 was a development of the similarly laid out I-11, strengthened for aerobatics. It was an all wood low wing monoplane, entirely plywood covered apart from the tail control surfaces and with a fixed, conventional undercarriage. Its cantilever wing was built around a main and an auxiliary box spar, both made from spruce and plywood. The short wing centre section was integral with the fuselage, with the main undercarriage legs on it. These and the wheels, fitted with brakes, were faired. Outboard, the wing panels tapered to rounded tips, carrying both the balanced and slotted differential ailerons and hand operated camber changing split flaps.[1][2]

The fuselage was a rectangular box formed from spruce longerons, with a ply roof behind the cabin, where a long, multipart canopy enclosed the pilot and passenger's seats. The pilot sat at the rear; both had removable sections for access. In front of them the 90 hp (67 kW) Blackburn Cirrus four cylinder in-line, inverted engine was mounted on steel bearers, driving a wooden propeller. At the rear of the fuselage the empennage was conventional, with the tailplane mounted on the fin above the fuselage line and braced from below with a steel strut on each side. The elevators were hinged forward of the rudder, which carried a trim tab, but were shaped to allow its movement as it extended to the keel.[1]

Operational history[edit]

The I-12 first flew on 26 June 1937, the first of twelve examples built. The first prototype, on a European tour begun in July 1937, made several demonstrations in Paris.[3] In the UK it raced at Ramsgate, coming fifth in the handicapped Thanet Air Race at Ramsgate, as well as winning first prize for the best turned out aircraft.[4] Late in August it came in second in the Cinque Ports Wakefield Cup races at Lympne.[5] Its tour ended the following July, flown back to Riga by P. Avery in a record nine hours, non-stop from London.[3] Avery flew another I-12 in 1939, coming fifth in the London to Isle of Man race and competing in the Isle of Man competition in May.[6]

The I-12 was enthusiastically reviewed by the British aeronautical press[2] and Rollasons were designated as distributors after the I-12 had been adjusted to met UK certification requirements.[7] It was also offered on sale in the UK by D.R.P. Engines at £750[8] but no examples reached the UK civil register.

At least four were purchased as trainers by the Aizsargi in early 1938, most surviving to the Soviet occupation of 1940.[3]

VEF I-12 cockpit, 1939



Specifications (I-12)[edit]

VEF J-12 3-view.png

Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1938[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 1 passenger
  • Length: 7.1 m (23 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.3 m (30 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 1.9 m (6 ft 3 in)
  • Wing area: 11.3 m2 (122 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 458 kg (1,010 lb)
  • Gross weight: 680 kg (1,499 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 17.5 imp gal (79.6 l; 21.0 US gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Blackburn Cirrus Minor 4-cylinder inverted inline , air cooled, 67 kW (90 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed


  • Maximum speed: 230 km/h (143 mph; 124 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 198 km/h (123 mph; 107 kn)
  • Range: 724 km; 391 nmi (450 mi) [7]
  • Landing speed: 47 mph (76 km/h)[7]

See also[edit]

Related development


  1. ^ a b c Grey, C.G. (1972). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1938. London: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-5734-4. 
  2. ^ a b "Latvian efficiency". Flight. Vol. XXXVI no. 1599. 17 August 1939. pp. supplement pages g–h. 
  3. ^ a b c "VEF Irbitis I-12". Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Racing at Ramsgate". Flight. Vol. XXXII no. 1496. 26 August 1937. p. 219. 
  5. ^ "Lympne's Fifth International". Flight. Vol. XXXII no. 1497. 2 September 1937. p. 228. 
  6. ^ "Fourth of the Series". Flight. Vol. XXXV no. 1589. 1 June 1939. p. 557. 
  7. ^ a b c "Variety among the Importations". Flight. Vol. XXXIII no. 1526. 24 March 1938. p. 219. 
  8. ^ "The new V.E.F. J-12". Flight. Vol. XXXVI no. 1596. 27 July 1939. p. 64.