VA-12 (U.S. Navy)
|Attack Squadron TWELVE
|Active||12 May 1945 – 1 October 1986|
|Branch||United States Navy|
|Motto||Kiss of death|
A-7 Corsair II
Attack Squadron TWELVE (ATKRON TWELVE or VA-12), also known as the "Flying Ubangis" or "Clinchers", was an attack squadron of the United States Navy active during the Cold War. From their home port at Naval Air Station Cecil Field in Florida, the squadron made more than thirty major overseas deployments aboard aircraft carriers, primarily flying A-4 Skyhawk and later the A-7E Corsair II, including two combat tours in the Vietnam War.
The squadron was established on May 12, 1945 as Bomber-Fighter Squadron FOUR (VBF-4) and soon after was redesignated as part of the service-wide reorganization of aircraft squadrons as Fighter Squadron TWO (VF-2A) on 15 November 1946. Upon the Navy's return to its pre-1946 system of nomenclature, the squadron was again redesignated, this time as Fighter Squadron TWELVE (VF-12) on 2 August 1948. Fully embracing the attack role, the squadron was given its final designation Attack Squadron TWELVE (VA-12) on 1 August 1955.
In 1960, VA-12 was part of airwing of the USS Shangri-La when that carrier was deployed to counter Cuban infiltration into Guatemala and Nicaragua. The next year, the squadron returned to the area aboard USS Franklin D. Roosevelt to support the government of the Dominican Republic.
In 1963 the squadron was deployed in detachments to the USS Essex and USS Intrepid for anti-submarine warfare exercises. In August of the next year, the squadron was again on board the Roosevelt when the carrier was deployed to the eastern Mediterranean in response to trouble between Greeks and Turks on the island of Cyprus.
The squadron saw combat in Vietnam twice, in 1966 and 1970. Later in 1971, the unit relinquished the A-4 for the A-7 Corsair. 1973 and 1974 saw further trouble in the Mediterranean. 1973 saw the Yom Kippur War and 1974 the assassination of the American ambassador to Cyprus. During the 1970s the squadron's home base was at Cecil Field Naval Air Station near Jacksonville, Florida. In 1980, the Iranian hostage crisis saw the USS Dwight D. Eisenhower with the squadron on board. The ship remained at sea for 254 days continuously. Trouble in Lebanon flared in 1983, and the squadron supported the peacekeeping force in the country.
On 1 October 1986, the squadron was disestablished, ending 31 years of service as an attack unit, and ten years prior to that as a fighter unit.
The squadron was assigned the following aircraft as of the dates shown:
- Grumman F6F Hellcat
- F6F from 23 May 1945 and F6F-5P from May 1947
- Vought F4U Corsair
- F4U-1, F4U-1D, FG-1, and FG-1D from 23 May 1945 and F4U-4 from 30 September 1945
- Grumman F8F Bearcat
- F8F-1 and F8F-1B from May 1947
- McDonnell F2H Banshee
- F2H-1 and F2H-2 from 1 September 1950
- Vought F7U Cutlass
- F7U-3 from December 1955
- Douglas A-4 Skyhawk
- A4D-1 from April 1957, A4D-2 from January 1958, A4D-2N (A-4C) from 8 January 1962, and A-4E from 8 March 1965
- Vought A-7 Corsair II
- A-7E from 1 April 1971
Air wing assignment
The squadron was assigned to the following Air Wings as of the dates shown:
- CVG-4: 12 May 1945 (tail code "T"), redesignated
- CVAG-1: 15 November 1946 (tail code "T"), redesignated
- CVG-1: 1 September 1948 (tail code "T")
- CVG-10: 20 January 1958 (tail code "AK")
- CVG-1: 5 December 1960 (tail code "AB"), redesignated
- CVW-1: 20 December 1963 (tail code "AB")
- CVW-8: 25 August 1968 (tail code "AJ")
- CVW-7: 1971 (tail code "AG")
Incidents and accidents
- 1945 October 6: The squadron's commanding officer, Lieutenant Commander John H. Lackey, died in the crash of his SNJ during a training flight.
- History of the United States Navy
- List of inactive United States Navy aircraft squadrons
- List of United States Navy aircraft squadrons
- Grossnick, Roy A. (1995). Dictionary of American Naval Aviation Squadrons, Volume 1, Chapter 2, Section 1: Attack Squadron Histories for VA-1E to VA-23 (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy. Retrieved 2014-02-06.