VF-194

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Fighter Squadron 194
Vf194.jpg
VF-194 insignia
Active 26 March 1952 - 1 March 1978
Country United States
Branch United States Navy
Type fighter squadron
Nickname(s) "Red Lightnings"
Engagements Korean War
Vietnam War

Fighter Squadron 194 (VF-194) was an aviation unit of the United States Navy. It was originally established as VF-91 on 26 March 1952, redesignated VF-194 on 1 August 1963 and disestablished on 1 March 1978. It was the third US Navy squadron to be designated VF-194.[1]

Squadron lineage[edit]

The US Navy does not recognize the tradition of squadrons once they have been disestablished. Therefore, even if there is a squadron with the same designation and nickname, it is officially a totally new squadron.[citation needed] Four different squadrons have been designated VF-194 since 1948, VF-194 Main Battery (1950-1955), VF-194 Yellow Devils (1955-1958), VF-194 Red Lightnings (1952-1977) and VF-194 Red Lightnings (1986-8), this page is focussed on the third VF-194.

Operational history[edit]

VF-91 was established on 26 March 1952 and equipped with the Grumman F9F-2 Panther. The squadron was assigned to Carrier Air Group 9 (CVG-9) and made its first deployment on the USS Philippine Sea from December 1952 to August 1953 to Korea and the Western Pacific.

In 1954 the squadron exchanged their Panthers for the swept wing Grumman F9F-6 Cougar. Between 11 May 1954 and 12 December 1954 VF-91 circumnavigated the world aboard the USS Hornet. From February to June 1956 VF-91 made its next deployment on the USS Kearsarge ((CVA-33) as part of CVG-5, this time equipped with the F9F-8 Cougar.

The F9F-8s were replaced by the North American FJ-3 Fury in 1957 and the squadron made a Western Pacific cruise aboard the USS Ticonderoga (CVA-14) between September 1957 and April 1958.

In 1959 VF-91 transitioned to the Vought F-8C Crusader and made three deployments aboard the USS Ranger between 1960 and 1963.

On 1 August 1963 VF-91 was redesignated VF-194 and reassigned to Carrier Air Wing Nineteen. Between 1964 and 1973 VF-194 made eight deployments to the Vietnam War, two aboard the USS Bon Homme Richard (1964, 1965/66), two aboard the USS Ticonderoga (1966/67, 1967/68) and the last four aboard the USS Oriskany. During these deployments the squadron flew the F-8E from 1965 to 1968 and then the F-8J. After the end of the US involvement in Vietnam in 1973, VF-194 made another two cruises to the Western Pacific aboard the Oriskany. VF-194 and its sister squadron VF-191 were the last US Navy fighter squadrons equipped with the F-8 Crusader.

When the USS Oriskany was retired as the last active Essex-class carrier, VF-194 received the McDonnell Douglas F-4J Phantom in 1976. Together with VF-191 the squadron was reassigned to Carrier Air Wing Fifteen. However, after only one deployment aboard the USS Coral Sea the squadron was disestablished on 1 March 1978.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fighter Squadron Lineage". Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 6 October 2016.