VFTS 102

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VFTS 102
Artist’s impression of the fastest rotating star.jpg
Artistic depiction of VFTS 102
Evolutionary stage Main Sequence
Spectral type O9: Vnnne
Mass ~ 25 M
Luminosity 100000 L
Surface gravity (log g) 3.6 ± 0.5 cgs
Temperature 36000 ± 5000 K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 600±100 km/s
The position of VFTS 102 in Tarantula nebula.

VFTS 102 is a star located in the Tarantula nebula, a star forming region in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way.

The peculiarity of this star is its projected equatorial velocity of ~600 km/s (about 2.000.000 km/h), making it the fastest rotating massive star known.[1] It also holds the world record for being the fastest approaching star. [2] The resulting centrifugal force tend to flatten the star; material can be lost in the loosely bound equatorial regions, allowing for the formation of a disk. The spectroscopic observations seem to confirm this, and the star is classified as Oe, possibly due to emission from such an equatorial disk of gas. This star was observed by the VLT Flames Tarantula Survey collaboration[3] using the VLT, Very Large Telescope in Chile. One member of this team is Matteo Cantiello,[4] an Italian astrophysicist who emigrated to the United States and is currently working at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics at University of California Santa Barbara. In 2007, together with a few collaborators, he predicted the existence of massive stars with properties very similar to VFTS 102.[5] In its theoretical model, the extreme rotational speed is caused by the transfer of material from a companion star in a binary system. After this "cosmic dance", the donor star is predicted to explode as a supernova. The spun-up companion instead is likely to be launched out of the orbit and move away from its stellar neighbors at high speed. Such a star is called a runaway. VFTS 102 fits this theoretical model very well, being found to be a rapidly rotating runaway star and lying close to a pulsar and a supernova remnant. Other scenarios, like a dynamical ejection from the core of the star cluster R136, are also possible.

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