VK 1602 Leopard
|Light Tank VK 1602|
|Place of origin||Nazi Germany|
|In service||Never produced|
|Designer||M.A.N. / MIAG / Daimler-Benz|
|Specifications (as designed)|
|Weight||21,900 kilograms (48,300 lb)|
|Length||4.74 metres (15 ft 7 in)|
|Width||3.1 metres (10 ft 2 in)|
|Height||2.6 metres (8 ft 6 in)|
|50mm KwK 39/1 L/60|
|Engine||Maybach HL 157 P|
550 horsepower (410 kW)
|Transmission||Maybach OG 55 11 77 semi-automatic|
|500 kilometres (310 mi) (on roads), 300 kilometres (190 mi) (cross-country)|
|Speed||45 kilometres per hour (28 mph) (on roads), 30 kilometres per hour (19 mph) (cross-country)|
The light tank VK 16.02 Leopard was a planned German reconnaissance vehicle designed from mid 1941 through January 1943, with the serial production scheduled for April 1943, but the project was abandoned before the first prototype was complete in January of that same year. The reason for this was that it did not meet the requirements for a 1944 vehicle.
Development started in 1941 under M.A.N., which took inspiration from their VK 30.02 design, creating an even more armoured, albeit smaller, vehicle, with 80mm sloped frontal armour (at the time the Panther prototype only had 60 mm frontal armour). As the Panther project gained importance, Wa Pruef 6 decided to remove the VK 16.02 project from M.A.N. to help them meet deadlines for the Panther project, handing it to MIAG and Daimler-Benz, with competence on the hull to MIAG and on the turret and armament to Daimler-Benz.
Two variants were initially being designed, a lighter one weighing 18 tons and a heavier one weighing 26 tons, but in June 1942 Hitler decided to continue development on only the heavier one, as he deemed protection from enemy anti-tank guns a priority.
In July 1942 MIAG presented a more refined design that was accepted into production, which was planned to start in April 1943, with plans of 20 vehicles per month starting from October 1943.
In a meeting on the 13 October 1942, Hitler was informed the lighter variant design was preferred by the troops, as it would better fit the reconnaissance role, while the heavier design had too similar characteristics to the Panther, with the only difference being the smaller gun. Hitler agreed to develop only the lighter variant.
The final design had a combat loaded weight of 21.9 metric tons. The armor was 50 mm sloped at 50 degrees on the front, 30 mm on the sides and rear, 16 mm deck and from 16 to 25 mm belly plates. The planned armament was the 5 cm Kw.K.39/1 L/60 cannon, the same that was used on late Pz IIIs. The engine was the Maybach HL 157 rated at 550 horsepower. In order to increase cross-country performance, the VK 1602 was fitted with 660 mm wide tracks, the same that were used on the Panther.
On 3 January 1943 Hitler decided to drop the project as its armour did not meet the specifications that would arise, even for a recoinassance vehicle, in 1944.
- Weight: 21900 kg
- Crew: 4 men, commander (gunner), loader, driver, radio operator
- Engine: Maybach HL 157 P / 12-cylinder / 550 hp
- Speed: Road: 45–60 km/h / Cross-Country: 30 km/h
- Range: Road: 500 km / Cross-Country: 300 km
- Length: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
- Width: 3.10 m (10 ft 2 in)
- Height: 2.60 m (8 ft 6 in)
- 50mm: 50 rounds
- 7.92mm: 2400 rounds
- Armor: 16–50 mm
- Jentz, Thomas; Doyle, Hilary (2002). Panzer Tracts 20-2. Panzer Tracts. p. 60. ISBN 0970840772.
- "World of Tanks Wiki Wooden model of the 10,5cm Waffentrager Leopard". wiki.wargaming.net. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- Chamberlain, Peter; Doyle, Hilary; Jentz, Thomas (1993). Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 157. ISBN 1854092146.
- Spielberger, Walter (2012). Spezial-Panzerfahrzeuge des Deutschen Heeres. Motorbuch Verlag. p. 108. ISBN 3613034875.
- Jentz, Thomas & Doyle, Hilary (2002) "Panzer Tracts 20-2"
- Chamberlain, Peter & Doyle, Hilary & Jentz, Thomas (1993) "Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two"
- Spielberger, Walter (2012) "Spezial-Panzerfahrzeuge des Deutschen Heeres"
- Sowodny, Michael (1998) "German Armored Rarities 1935-1945"