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Locomotive VL10-582 Tomsk.jpg
VL10-582 in the suburbs of Tomsk
Type and origin
Power typeElectric
Builder Soviet Union
Tbilisi Electric Locomotive Works, Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant
Build date1961–2005
Total produced2,881
 • AARB-B + B-B
 • UICBo′Bo′+Bo′Bo′
Gauge1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) Russian gauge
Wheel diameter1,250 mm (49.21 in)
Length2×16,420 mm (53 ft 10 12 in)
Width3,160 mm (10 ft 4 38 in)
Height5,121 mm (16 ft 9 58 in)
Loco weightVL10: 184 tonnes (181 long tons; 203 short tons)
VL10U: 200 tonnes (200 long tons; 220 short tons)
Electric system/s3 kV DC Catenary
Current pickup(s)Pantograph
Traction motors8×TED TL-2
Loco brakeRegenerative
Performance figures
Maximum speed100 km/h (62 mph)
Power output6,165 hp (4,597 kW)
OperatorsРЖД (RZhD), Ukrainian Railways
Locale SUN Soviet Union
 RUS Russia

The VL10 (ru: ВЛ10)[1][2] is an electric two-unit mainline DC freight locomotive used in the Soviet Union and is still operated today by the state owned Russian rail company RZhD and Ukrainian Railways. The initials VL are those of Vladimir Lenin (ru: Владимир Ленин), after whom the class is named.


The VL10 series was built as a replacement for the ageing VL8 which, by 1960, no longer met Soviet rail requirements. The VL10s were manufactured at the Tbilisi Electric Locomotive Works (ТЭВЗ) between 1961–1977, as well as the Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant (НЭВЗ) during 1969 and 1976. It was also there that all the mechanical components for the series were produced. The first prototype of the VL10 series was built in the Tbilisi works under the designation Т8-001. It was built in 1961 to coincide with the 40th anniversary of Soviet rule in Georgia.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Johnston, Howard & Harris, Ken (2005). Jane's Train Recognition Guide. Harper Collins Publishers. p. 327. ISBN 0-06-081895-6.
  2. ^ RZD DC electric locomotives at www.railfaneurope.net