VL Kotka

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Kotka "Eagle"
V.L. E.30 Kotka (35198310650).jpg
VL Kotka serial KA-144 in Suomenlinna, circa October 1930
Role two-seater patrol biplane
Manufacturer Valtion lentokonetehdas
First flight 30 September 1930
Introduction 1931
Retired 1944
Primary user Finnish Air Force
Produced 1931-19??
Number built 5 (plus 3 prototypes)
VL Kotka on Tikkakoski airport in March 1940.
VL E.30 Kotka, KA-147, in Vesivehma in 2006

VL Kotka ("Eagle") was a Finnish two-seat, biplane maritime patrol aircraft, designed and built by the Valtion lentokonetehdas or VL ("State Aircraft Factory"). It was meant as a cheaper replacement (compared to the Blackburn Ripon) for the outdated IVL A.22 Hansas that were in service with the Finnish Air Force.[1]

The prototype made its first flight on September 30, 1930. In 1931, the State Aircraft Factory began production of a series of five aircraft. These were used as liaison aircraft until 1944.[2]

One aircraft (KA-147) is on display at the Päijät-Häme Aviation Museum.[3]


  • VL E.30 Kotka prototype KA-144 - this machine was built by the Finnish Government Aircraft Works, and was a prototype fitted with floats and a Bristol "Jupiter IV" engine.
  • VL E.30 Kotka I KA-145, 147 & 148 - three of the production aircraft (KA-145 – KA-148) fitted with regular landing gear (and could equip skis) and Wright R-1820-E Cyclone radial engines, 429 kW (575 hp).
  • VL E.30 Kotka I KA-146 - this machine was a Kotka I witted with the same or very similar floats to the ones the KA-144 Kotka prototype had.
  • VL E.31 Kotka II KA-149 - the last, more modified series production aircraft fitted with a Pratt & Whitney R-1690-B Hornet engine, (575 hp).
  • VL E.32 Kotka III - cancelled third series due to the type being outdated.



Specifications (KA-147, land aircraft)[edit]

Data from [4]

General characteristics



  • Guns:
  • Bombs: 3 × 100 kg or 6 × 50 kg bombs under the fuselage

See also[edit]

Valtion lentokonetehdas Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era Blackburn Ripon



  1. ^ "Ilmavoimien käyttämät konetyypit 1930-luku" (PDF). puolustusvoimat.fi (in Finnish). Suomen puolustusvoimat. p. 3. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b Raunio 2005: pp. 154–159
  3. ^ "VL E.30 Kotka II". lahdenilmasilta.fi (in Finnish). Lahden Ilmasilta. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  4. ^ Keskinen, Stenman, Niska: pp. 48-49
  • Raunio, Jukka (2005). Valtion Lentokonetehtaan historia. Osa 1: Pioneerivuodet 1921–1932 (in Finnish). Forssan Kirjapaino Oy, Forssa. ISBN 951-96866-6-5.
  • Keskinen, Kalevi, Niska, Klaus & Stenman, Kari (1995). Suomen ilmavoimien historia 15 - Meritoimintakoneet (in Finnish). Tampere: Apali Oy. ISBN 952-5026-03-5.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)

External links[edit]

Media related to Valtion Lentokonetehdas aircraft at Wikimedia Commons