VL Kotka

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VL Kotka on Tikkakoski airport in March 1940.
VL E.30 Kotka, KA-147, in Vesivehma in 2006

VL Kotka ("Eagle") was a Finnish two-seat, biplane maritime patrol aircraft, designed and built by the Valtion lentokonetehdas or VL ("State Aircraft Factory"). It was meant as a cheaper replacement (compared to the Blackburn Ripon) for the outdated IVL A.22 Hansas that were in service with the Finnish Air Force.[1]

The prototype made its first flight on September 30, 1930. In 1931, the State Aircraft Factory began production of a series of five aircraft. These were used as liaison aircraft until 1944.[2]

One aircraft (KA-147) is on display at the Päijät-Häme Aviation Museum.[3]


  • VL E.30 Kotka - prototype (KA-144) and three of the production aircraft (KA-145 – KA-148).
  • VL E.31 Kotka - the last, more modified series production aircraft (KA-149).



Specifications (KA-147, land aircraft)[edit]

Data from [4]

General characteristics



  • Guns:
  • Bombs: 3 × 100 kg or 6 × 50 kg bombs under the fuselage

See also[edit]

Valtion lentokonetehdas

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Blackburn Ripon



  1. ^ "Ilmavoimien käyttämät konetyypit 1930-luku" (PDF). puolustusvoimat.fi (in Finnish). Suomen puolustusvoimat. p. 3. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Raunio 2005: pp. 154–159
  3. ^ "VL E.30 Kotka II". lahdenilmasilta.fi (in Finnish). Lahden Ilmasilta. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Keskinen, Stenman, Niska: pp. 48-49
  • Raunio, Jukka (2005). Valtion Lentokonetehtaan historia. Osa 1: Pioneerivuodet 1921–1932 (in Finnish). Forssan Kirjapaino Oy, Forssa. ISBN 951-96866-6-5. 
  • Keskinen, Kalevi, Niska, Klaus & Stenman, Kari (1995). Suomen ilmavoimien historia 15 - Meritoimintakoneet (in Finnish). Tampere: Apali Oy. ISBN 952-5026-03-5. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Valtion Lentokonetehdas aircraft at Wikimedia Commons