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Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 314
VMFA-314 Insignia
Active1 October 1943 – 30 April 1947
1 February 1952 – present
Country United States
Branch United States Marine Corps
TypeFighter/attack squadron
RoleClose air support
Air interdiction
Aerial reconnaissance
Part ofMarine Aircraft Group 11
3rd Marine Aircraft Wing
Carrier Air Wing Nine
Garrison/HQMarine Corps Air Station Miramar
Nickname(s)Black Knights
Bob's Cats (World War II)
Tail CodeVW / NG
LtCol Jeffrey C. Davis
Homer S. Hill, Frank E. Petersen
Aircraft flown
FighterF4U Corsair
F9F Panther
F4D Skyray
F-4 Phantom II
F/A-18 Hornet
F-35C Lightning II

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 314 (VMFA-314) is a United States Marine Corps F-35C Lightning II squadron. The squadron, known as the "Black Knights", is based at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, California and falls under the command of Marine Aircraft Group 11 (MAG-11) and the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing (3d MAW), but deploys with the US Navy's Carrier Air Wing Nine (NG).



World War II

The squadron's World War II logo.
A battle-damaged VMF-314 F4U Corsair on Ie Shima in 1945.

Marine Fighting Squadron 314 (VMF-314) was commissioned on 1 October 1943 at Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina.[1] The squadron was originally given the nickname of, "Bob's Cats".[2] The squadron was assigned to Marine Aircraft Group 32 (MAG 32) flying the F4U Corsair and began training immediately for combat in the South Pacific. In February 1944, the squadron, along with VMF-324, was among the first units aboard Marine Corps Auxiliary Air Field Kinston.[3] They left MCAAF Kinston for the Pacific theater and arrived at Marine Corps Air Station Ewa on 18 June 1944 and were reassigned to Marine Aircraft Group 23, 3rd MAW.[4] From there they deployed to Midway Atoll. VMF-314 returned to MCAS Ewa in December 1944 and remained there until April 1945, when they moved to Ie Shima in May 1945 to take part in the Battle of Okinawa[4] as part of Marine Aircraft Group 22 (MAG-22).[5] During the ensuing campaign, VMF-314 pilots were credited with 11 kills[6] and the squadron was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation.[7] After the surrender of Japan, VMF-314 moved to Kyūshū, Japan as part of the occupation force. VMF-314 returned to Marine Corps Air Station El Toro in November 1945 and in March 1946 they arrived back at MCAS Cherry Point. For a short time they were reassigned to Marine Aircraft Group 22 (MAG-22), 9th Marine Aircraft Wing but were decommissioned on 30 April 1947.[2]

Postwar years


VMF-314 was recommissioned in 1952 at MCAS Miami, Florida and was assigned to Marine Aircraft Group 31 (MAG-31), 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing flying the latest version of the Corsair. That same year, the squadron transitioned to the new F9F Panther. The next three years saw VMF-314 deployed twice, first to Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico, and then to Naval Air Facility Atsugi, Japan for an 18-month tour. VMF-314 earned the Korean Service Medal for operations conducted between 11 September 1953 and 27 July 1954.[8] In 1955, VMF-314 returned from Japan and was assigned to Marine Aircraft Group 15, 3rd MAW, now stationed at Marine Corps Air Station El Toro, California.

Four F9Fs from VMF(AW)-314 in formation.

In 1957, the squadron received the new F4D Skyray and was designated VMF(AW)-314. During that same year, the squadron officially became the "Black Knights", was awarded the Commandant’s Aviation Efficiency Trophy. They were briefly deployed to NAF Atsugi, Japan and then throughout the Far East both on land, including Ping-tung, Taiwan in support of the Republic of China against the communist China, as well as on board the fast attack carriers USS Hancock and USS Ticonderoga.

In 1961, the squadron became the first Marine squadron to transition to the new F-4B Phantom II and was designated VMFA-314. Between 1961 and 1964, the squadron deployed eight times. These included three separate carrier deployments and a single-flight aerial refueling mission spanning the Pacific Ocean from MCAS El Toro to Naval Air Station Atsugi, Japan.

Vietnam War

A F-4B Phantom from VMFA-314 returns to Chu Lai in September 1968.

In 1965, VMFA-314 headed off on board USS Valley Forge for combat operations in South Vietnam. From 1965 to 1970, the squadron flew more than 25,000 combat hours out of Chu Lai Air Base and Da Nang Air Base, and employed more than 100 million pounds of ordnance in support of the Marine rifleman and other allied ground units. In 1968, they received the Chief of Naval Operations Aviation Safety Award. In 1969, VMFA–314 was awarded the Hanson Trophy as the best Fighter Attack Squadron in the Marine Corps while under the command of Frank E. Petersen. The Commandant's Efficiency Trophy was awarded to the squadron in 1969 and again in 1970. In September 1970, VMFA-314 ended forty-nine months of deployed combat operations and received the Meritorious Unit Commendation for its outstanding performance.

Post-Vietnam War years


In May 1982, the squadron’s last F-4 was transferred in preparation for transition to the new F/A-18A Hornet. In 1982, VMFA-314 received the first of its F/A-18s under the command of Lt Col P.B. Field, becoming the first tactical squadron in the Marine Corps and Navy to employ the Hornet.[9]

F/A-18A Hornets from VMFA-314 conducting formation flying in 1984.

In 1985, VMFA-314 transferred to Carrier Air Wing 13 (CVW-13), and embarked on board USS Coral Sea for duty with the U.S. Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean Sea. They participated in Freedom of Navigation operations in the vicinity of Libya and took part in combat operations in support of Operation El Dorado Canyon in the Gulf of Sidra and in Libya.

Persian Gulf War and the 1990s


In the summer of 1990, while preparing to return to the Western Pacific, the squadron were rapidly deployed to the Persian Gulf and were the first Marine F/A-18 squadron to arrive in Bahrain for Operation Desert Shield as part of Marine Air Group 70. For nearly six months the "Black Knights" maintained 24-hour-a-day Combat Air Patrols over the Persian Gulf.

On 16 January 1991, Operation Desert Shield shifted to Operation Desert Storm. The squadron flew over 1,500 hours and 814 combat sorties, more sorties than any other Navy or Marine Corps squadron. Missions flown during the war included Escort, SEAD, Mig Sweep, and Strike. They returned from the Middle East in March 1991 without the loss of a single squadron member or aircraft.

In August 1992, VMFA-314 transferred to Carrier Air Wing 11 and in 1993 deployed to the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf on board USS Abraham Lincoln. During the deployment the squadron participated in Operation Southern Watch, enforcing the U.N. "no-fly-zone" in southern Iraq, and in Operation Continue Hope, providing close air support to the 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit (13th MEU) and 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit (22nd MEU) off the coast of Somalia. The squadron returned from cruise in December 1993 and was reassigned to Marine Aircraft Group 11 (MAG-11).

In June 1994, VMFA-314 was one of the first MAG-11 squadrons to move from MCAS El Toro to MCAS Miramar. In February 1996, the squadron received new lot 18 F/A-18C aircraft. In 1997, VMFA-314 transferred to Carrier Air Wing 9 and deployed on an "Around the World" cruise on board USS Nimitz. During the deployment, the squadron again participated in Operation Southern Watch.

In January 2000, the squadron deployed aboard USS John C. Stennis, with Carrier Air Wing Nine, for a six-month deployment to the Western Pacific and Persian Gulf in support of Operation Southern Watch. While in the Gulf, the "Black Knights" flew contingency operations under combat conditions in support of U.N. Resolutions, delivering accurate air-to-ground ordnance under hostile fire.

Global War on Terrorism


VMFA-314 was called upon to deploy U.S. Marines and aircraft on board USS John C. Stennis in support of Operation Noble Eagle. The September 11 attacks of 2001 caused the planned deployment on board John C. Stennis to be accelerated by two months. Following a shortened at-sea period for FleetEx, VMFA-314 deployed on 12 November 2001 in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. The squadron began flying combat sorties on 18 December 2001 and delivered over 69,000 pounds of ordnance in support of U.S. forces on the ground in Afghanistan. Midway into a six-month deployment, VMFA-314 was extended in theater an extra five weeks resulting in a monumental 265 deployed days over a year’s period including a 98-day straight at-sea period.

The squadron deployed to the Iraq War in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom in March 2009. They were based at Al Asad Airbase and returned in September 2009.[10]

F-35 transition

A F-35C and a F/A-18A of VMFA-314 in flight, in June 2019.

In 2020, VMFA-314 began transitioning to the F-35C Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter, the first Marine Corps squadron to transition to the carrier (CV) variant. Once transition is complete and the squadron achieves Full Operational Capability in the F-35C, VMFA-314 will integrate and deploy with U.S. Navy carrier air wings aboard Nimitz and Gerald R. Ford class aircraft carriers.[11][12]

On 21 June 2019, the squadron retired the F/A-18A++ and began training on the F-35C.[13] VMFA-314 was the first Marine Corps squadron to transition to the F-35C receiving its first aircraft on 21 January 2020.[14]

On 3 January 2022, VMFA-314 departed Naval Base San Diego onboard the USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) as part of Carrier Air Wing Nine. VMFA-314 was the first Marine Corps F-35C squadron to deploy on an aircraft carrier.[15][14]

2023 VMFA-314 will assist VMFA-311 in her standing up and reactivation until 2024 when its scheduled to be completed.



2015, 1968 Robert M. Hanson Marine Fighter Attack Squadron of the Year Award [16]


USMC Major John Trotti, who flew the F-4 Phantom while a pilot for the squadron during the Vietnam war, recounted his experiences in the memoir Phantom Over Vietnam.

The squadron was portrayed flying F/A-18Cs and fighting against an alien invasion in the 1996 film Independence Day. The squadron was depicted as based in MCAS El Toro, although they had relocated to NAS Miramar two years prior.

The F/A-18s shown in the movie The Rock are marked with 314 livery, despite having "US Air Force" on the fuselage, and despite the USAF not actually operating that type of aircraft. This is because the movie used the same prop as Independence Day.

See also





Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
  1. ^ 3d MAW General Order 23-1943 Commissioning nine squadrons on 1 October 1943
  2. ^ a b Rottman 2002, pp. 443.
  3. ^ Shettle USMC Air Station of WWII, pg. 101.
  4. ^ a b Sherrod 1952, pp. 467.
  5. ^ Sherrod 1952, pp. 372.
  6. ^ Sherrod 1952, pp. 431.
  7. ^ Sherrod 1952, pp. 427.
  8. ^ "The Korean Service Medal 1950-1954, U.S. Marine Corps Units". Service Medals & Campaign Credits of the United States Navy. Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy. 28 February 2001.
  9. ^ "Trials Evaluate Hornet, El Toro receives F/A-18". Hawaii Marine. Vol. 11, no. 22. Marine Corps Base Hawaii. 2 June 1982. p. 8. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  10. ^ Black Knights Fight for the Commander's Cup
  11. ^ "Second F-35B Squadron Stands up at MCAS Yuma". 30 June 2016.
  12. ^ "Marine Corps trims Hornet squadrons in Japan with F-35 arrival". 25 May 2017.
  13. ^ Combat Aircraft. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. September 2019. p. 11.
  14. ^ a b "First USMC F-35C Squadron Deploys On An Aircraft Carrier". navalnews.com. Naval News. 5 January 2022. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  15. ^ Johnson, Kimberly (4 January 2022). "USS Abraham Lincoln Deploys With First Female Commander". Flying Magazine. Flying Media. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  16. ^ "PAST AWARD WINNERS | Marine Corps Aviation Association | Quantico, VA".


  • Crowder, Michael J. (2000). United States Marine Corps Aviation Squadron Lineage, Insignia & History - Volume One - The Fighter Squadrons. Turner Publishing Company. ISBN 1-56311-926-9.
  • Rottman, Gordon L. (2002). U.S. Marine Corps World War II Order of Battle - Ground and Air Units in the Pacific War, 1939 - 1945. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31906-5.
  • Sherrod, Robert (1952). History of Marine Corps Aviation in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Combat Forces Press.
  • Shettle Jr., M. L. (2001). United States Marine Corps Air Stations of World War II. Bowersville, Georgia: Schaertel Publishing Co. ISBN 0-9643388-2-3.