|Owner||Fiat Group Automobiles (FCA Italy)|
VM Motori S.p.A. is an Italian diesel engine manufacturing company which is wholly owned by Fiat Chrysler Automobiles through its subsidiary Fiat Group Automobiles. VM headquarters and main production facilities are located in Cento, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy.
VM Motori was founded by two entrepreneurs, Claudio Vancini and Ugo Martelli (hence the "VM") in 1947.
VM merged with Stabilimenti Meccanici Triestini in Trieste in 1971, then Finmeccanica took a majority stake in the combined company.
In 2003, Penske Corporation purchased a 51% stake in VM Motori; in 2007, Penske bought the remaining 49% from DaimlerChrysler and subsequently sold 50% of it to General Motors. As of 2007, both deals were awaiting European regulatory approval and the value of the deal was not known.
On 11 February 2011, Fiat Powertrain Technologies and Penske Corporation had reached an agreement under which Fiat Powertrain would purchase Penske Corporation's fifty-percent stake in VM Motori S.p.A.
Products and licensing
In 1947, the company produced the first Italian air-cooled diesel engine with direct injection.
In 1964, the company introduced entire new families of air-cooled diesel engines for fishing boats and the industrial machine markets.
The year 1974 saw the introduction of a new series of high-speed (4200 rpm) HR-series, pre-combustion chamber, water-cooled, turbocharged engines.
The Alfa Romeo Alfetta, produced in Arese, rolled off the line with a VM Motori engine under the bonnet in 1979, signaling VM's move to the OEM automotive market. The engines still retained some maritime features, such as individual heads for each cylinder - a design which made it easier to produce different cylinder configurations.
During the 1980s, British Leyland chose VM engines as the smoothest, most petrol-like units available for diesel models of their Range Rover and Rover SD1; the choice continued with the later Rover 800.
In 1995, when OEM automotive sales accounted for 75% of income, a major deal with Chrysler saw agreements to supply engines for their Jeep Grand Cherokee and Voyager (2.5-litre) models. VM Motori's 2.8-litre common rail turbodiesel engine was chosen for the Jeep Liberty CRD(Cherokee in Europe). The 2005 and later Chrysler Grand Voyager and 2012 model year Chevrolet Colorado That sale in Thailand is also fitted with the VM 2.8-litre (R428) engine.
In the late 1990s, a new three-cylinder 1.5-litre turbocharged diesel engine was developed by VM Motori. It featured a single overhead camshaft, four valves per cylinder, and common rail direct fuel injection. It was licensed to the South Korean manufacturer Hyundai,[nb 1] and was used in the second generation of the Hyundai Accent, the Hyundai Getz and the Hyundai Matrix. These were produced and marketed between the fall of 2001 and the end of 2005.
In 2004, GM Daewoo licensed the 1.5-litre and 2.0-litre common rail engine designs, and built a dedicated engine plant, which started production 2006. The 2.0 L diesel is used in the Daewoo Winstorm (also badged as the Chevrolet Captiva, and in the related Opel Antara), the Daewoo Lacetti (also badged as the Chevrolet Lacetti), the Daewoo Tosca (also badged as the Chevrolet Epica) and the Chevrolet Cruze.
The latest vehicle to benefit from a 2.5 L VM Motori diesel engine is the purpose-built LTI (London Taxis International) London style taxicab. The TX4 is the first of the TX range of taxis to include a VM Motori engine.
The company is also selling its products to off-highway applications, such as marine and defense. MTU Friedrichshafen, a German diesel engine manufacturer, holds the exclusive sales rights for VM Motori off-highway engines outside of Italy.
In June 2010, VM Motori started the production of the new 2.8L 4-cylinder Euro 5 engine to power the 2011 Jeep Wrangler, 2011 Jeep Cherokee and 2012 Lancia Voyager. The A428 makes 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) and 460 N·m (340 lb·ft) at 1800 rpm of torque. On the manual version of the Jeep Wrangler, the A428 features the Stop/Start system to reduce the CO2 emissions.
In January 2011, VM Motori launched its brand new engine 3.0L V6 Variable Valve Timing A 630 DOHC With 241 HP and 550 N·m (410 lb·ft) of torque. Thanks to a collaboration with Fiat Powertrain Technologies, the engine features the latest FPT Common Rail Multijet2 technology for improved performance, fuel economy and NVH. In 2013, the engine was redesigned to comply with Euro5+ emissions standards.
The first applications of the A 630 DOHC were the 2014 Grand Cherokee and the 2014 Ram Eco-Diesel, the same engine, which is lightly tuned, also powers the Maserati Ghibli III. The engine won several awards including a slot in the top 10 best engines of 2014.
- "GM to buy 50 Percent stake in VM Motori". italiaspeed.com. 2007-07-17.
- "GAZ acquires 50 percent stake in VM Motori". news.moneycentral.msn.com. Retrieved 2008-09-04.
- "GAZ withdraws the deal to buy 50% of engine maker VM Motori". RIA Novosti (in Russian). 2009-02-20. Retrieved 2009-03-03.
- "Agrate Brianza, 03 marzo 2008" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-06-14.
- "11.02.2011 FIAT POWERTRAIN CONFIRMS ACQUISITION OF PENSKE'S HALF STAKE IN VM MOTORI". italiaspeed.com/2011. Retrieved 2011-02-12.
- Reuters Editorial (2013-09-21). "Italy's Fiat to take full control of VM Motori". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2016-06-14.
- "Fiat buys remainder of diesel maker VM Motori from GM". Autonews. 28 October 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- De Leener, Philippe (1983-10-13). "Gedetailleerde Test: Alfa Romeo Giulietta 2.0TD" [Detailed Test]. De AutoGids (in Flemish). Brussels, Belgium: Uitgeverij Auto-Magazine. 5 (106): 41.
- "A 315 SOHC - 1500 cc - 3 Cyl. - 12 Valve". VM Motori S.p.A. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "Náhradné diely, HYUNDAI". E-Shop Auto Kelly SLOVAKIA, s.r.o. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- "GM Daewoo and VM Motori Sign Long-Term Diesel Agreement". Auto Report. 10 March 2004. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- Login (2014-03-16). "Ram/Jeep Ecodiesel engine has Maserati roots". Autoblog. Retrieved 2016-06-14.
- ""2014 Ward's Auto 10 Best engines" award for VM V6 3.0L". VM Motori. Retrieved 2016-06-14.
- VM Motori
- Penske Corporation
- Detroit Diesel Corporation
-  Discussion group all about VM diesel engines. A resource of otherwise difficult to find information.