Tiruchirappalli International Airport
|Tiruchirappalli International Airport|
|Owner||Ministry of Civil Aviation|
|Operator||Airports Authority of India|
|Location||Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India|
|Elevation AMSL||88 m / 288 ft|
Tiruchirappalli International Airport (IATA: TRZ, ICAO: VOTR) is an international airport serving Tiruchirappalli in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is located on National Highway 336, about 5 km (3.1 mi) south of the city center. The airport is ISO 9001:2008 quality certified and was declared an international airport on 4 October 2012. It is the third-largest airport in Tamil Nadu in terms of total passenger traffic next to Chennai and Coimbatore and second largest in terms of International traffic next only to Chennai. The airport covers an area of 702 acres.
- 1 History
- 2 Terminals
- 3 Runway
- 4 Expansion
- 5 Airlines and destinations
- 6 Connectivity
- 7 Maintenance facilities
- 8 Incidents and accidents
- 9 Naming the airport
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
This airport was established by the British during World War II and was primarily used by the British Airforce during the world wars. Warplanes were brought to the airport and taken to a workshop in Ponmalai, 2 km away for repair and maintenance. The airport was given permission for civilian operations after the war ended.
The first known history of flight landing at the airport dates back to 1936 when the first airmail for Colombo from India was carried by the TATA's "Goodwill Flight", piloted by H.D. Barucha on 23 December 1936, which took off from Bombay for Colombo after stopping at Hyderabad, Madras and Trichinopoly. Commercial flights on the Bombay—Trivandrum—Tirchinopoly route was operational during 1941. After Ceylon government seeking permission to operate flights between Colombo and Trichinopoly in 1947, Indian government improved the aerodrome for full functioning and allowed flight operations to Colombo in 1948. After that Air Ceylon inaugurated a regular weekly commercial service between Colombo and Karachi on 3 December 1948, using a Dakota flight with passengers through Tiruchirappalli and Bombay.
With Air Ceylon (Sri Lankan Airlines) beginning operations in the late 1940s, Indian Airlines started services in the 80s. The airlines operated flights from Trichy to Colombo through Jaffna. This was a Customs Airport until 4 October 2012, when it was given an International Airport status by the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
The airport has two adjacent terminals. The integrated passenger terminal is used for both international and domestic air traffic. The old terminal has been converted into an international cargo complex. The 4,000 m2 (43,000 sq ft) cargo complex was commissioned for operations on 21 November 2011.
The new integrated passenger terminal built at cost of ₹80 crore (US$12 million) was inaugurated on 21 February 2009 and started operations from 1 June 2009. The two-story terminal has a floor area of 11,777 m2 (126,770 sq ft) with handling capacity of 0.49 million passengers per annum and peak hour capacity of 470 passengers. Some of the features of the new terminal include:
- 12 check-in counters
- 4 Custom counters (1 departure + 3 arrival)
- 16 Immigration Counters (8 departure + 8 arrival)
- 3 Conveyor belts (47 m (154 ft) each)
- 1 Baggage assistance counter
- 1 Health officer counter
- 5 X-ray scanner for baggage (3 for registered baggage and 2 for hand baggage)
- 2 Security check units
- 210 CISF strength
- Total aircraft stands = 7
- 3 for code D aircraft
- 4 for code C aircraft
- 2 Aero Bridges
- Parking space for 300 vehicles
The new terminal has two lounges, VIP lounge managed by AAI and commercial important persons (CIP) lounge also managed by AAI.
The old terminal was converted into an international cargo complex at a cost of Rupees 10 million. The 4,000 m2 (43,000 sq ft) cargo complex was commissioned for operations on 21 November 2011. Out of which Export wing occupies 2,193 m2 (23,610 sq ft) and 1,750 m2 (18,800 sq ft) for Import wing. The Central Board of Excise and Customs had earlier approved and notified the airport as an air cargo complex. The one-time holding capacity of the cargo terminal is 250 metric tonnes The airport is the gateway for foreign export as there is no easy way for export from the central region of Tamil Nadu.
On 12 July 2013 the ministry of finance has notified Trichy international airport for international courier cargo movement. But the facilities for the same are yet to be set up by AAI.
On 11 October 2013, a five-metric ton capacity cold storage facility was inaugurated at the cargo section. This facility will be helpful during flight delay, flight cancellation, advance booking and holiday bookings of cargo.
On 21 April 2017, a dedicated Import Cargo facility has been created on 190 m2 (2,000 sq ft) at a cost of ₹20 lakh (US$30,000) to encourage more imports through the airport. At present the imports are very minimal as compared with the exports.
On 1 July 2017, EDI facility has been introduced at the Cargo Terminal. With this facility speedy and electronic clearance of Freight is assured eliminating the manual process, making the export process more simple. This is expected to pave way for additional commodities being exported from the airport.
Trichy Airport initially had two intersecting runways. The shorter 1,456 m (4,776 ft) runway 15/33 with PCN 15F/B/W/T was closed and is now used as an alternative taxiway to the international apron. The current runway under use 09/27 is 2,480 m (8,136 ft) long with a PCN 40 F/B/W/T and has turning pads at both ends. The asphalt runway has a CAT-1 ILS (Runway 27 only) and runway edge-lights. The other landing aids include a PAPI, HIRL, AFL and SAPL.
Tiruchirapalli Airport has been undergoing expansion since 2004. The runway was extended from 1,829 m (6,000 ft) to 2,480 m (8,136 ft), apron expanded to hold 7 aircraft, fire station upgraded, a new taxiway and integrated passenger terminal were constructed.
The proposed Phase 2 expansion on 210 hectares (510 acres) by AAI includes extending the runway to 3,810 m (12,500 ft), construction of a modern air traffic control (ATC) tower, additional building complex and other works. The state government has agreed to provide land free to AAI for the expansion. In the existing terminal, construction of third Aero Bridge at the cost of ₹2.25 crore (US$340,000) is in progress and expected to be completed by December 2017.
New integrated passenger terminal
Due to the consistent increase in the air traffic, the integrated passenger terminal building with a total floor area of 11,777 m2 (126,770 sq ft) to handle 470 peak-hour passengers has become insufficient. Initially it was planned to expand the existing integrated terminal by 180 meters on both sides, by constructing an additional 17,920 m2 (192,900 sq ft) area to increase the passenger handling capacity to 1075 peak-hour passengers, but later the Ministry of Civil Aviation initiated the construction of a new two-level passenger terminal at the cost of ₹897 crore (US$130 million).
The new terminal is planned to be 67,500 m2 (727,000 sq ft) in size, with capacity to handle 3.03 million passengers per year with a peak-hour handling capacity of 2,200 international and 500 domestic passengers. The terminal is to be constructed on the existing airport land available on the south side, for which a new four-lane elevated access road is to be created from the NH road passing on the west side of the airport. AAI has engaged a French company, EGIS, as the project managers to complete the design and plan; construction, which is expected to last three years, is projected to start by March 2018. This project includes the following
- Two-level integrated terminal building
- Parking for 750 automobiles, 250 taxis, and 10 buses
- New air traffic control tower and technical block
- New apron to accommodate 10 code C aircraft
- Upgrade of fire station to Category 10
- Expansion of cargo terminal
- Airport systems
- City-side development
- Rehabilitation of AAI residential colony and CISF accommodation, consisting of 118 units
The cost of the project is estimated at ₹951 crore (US$140 million)
As part of phase 2 expansion the runway is planned to be extended to 3,200 m (10,500 ft) initially from the existing 2,480 m (8,136 ft) and later to 3,800 m (12,500 ft). AAI has sought land to the state government and once land sought for the expansion is available the extension would take place. The district administration has expressed its willingness to pay the market price for the land to be acquired. But the extension of the runway is pending for a long time due to delays in acquiring Land.
The AAI has sought around 510 acres of land for the current expansion. Of the total about 188 acres are dry land, 116 acres wetland, 164.68 acres defense land, 40.59 acres wasteland and 5.80 is with Hindu religious and Charitable Trust. To facilitate fast process on airport expansion on Jan 2012 a joint technical advisory committee involving the departments of agriculture, public works department and revenue had been formed chaired by P. Kumar, Trichy MP. The district administration has formed a special team comprising the airport director, revenue divisional officer, joint director of agriculture, officials of Public Works Department, and other agencies concerned to expedite the land acquisition process.
In the joint advisory committee meeting on June 17, 2017 it was announced that the State government has given administrative sanction for acquisition of land required for the proposed expansion of the runway. The State government has provided administrative sanction to acquire nearly 345.62 acres in May 2017, including dry and wet lands, besides 40 acres of poromboke land. It has been decided to form a team to work on the exercise of land acquisition and payment of compensation. During December 2017 The Deputy Director General Defence Estates has provided in principle approval for providing 337.7 acres of land to the AAI in lieu of land of “equal value” from the State government. The District Administration is also in process of acquiring residential buildings. With this the airport expansion has gained momentum.
AAI has gone for the extension of apron and construction of ramp equipment area measuring 2,800 sq.m. at an estimated cost of ₹2 crore (US$300,000). The construction work is in the final stages and the airport authority is waiting for the nod of Director General Civil Aviation for commissioning the seventh bay along with the apron area. Further action was initiated by the Ministry of Civil Aviation to expand the apron to provide two more aircraft bays, increasing the bay count to nine. This plan will not take place as sanction for new terminal building with additional apron size of 15,580 sq.m for parking up to 10 code C type aircraft is made.
On November 2017 AAI has initiated tenders to carry out Survey work for the construction of 10 Nos of Parking Bays, One Isolation Bay and GSE area including Taxi tracks.
Airlines and destinations
|Air India Express||Dubai–International, Sharjah, Singapore|
|IndiGo||Bengaluru (begins 28 June 2018), Chennai, Kochi (begins 28 June 2018)  |
|Jet Airways||Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai|
|Malindo Air||Kuala Lumpur–International|
Located on the Pudukkottai-Trichy National Highway 336 the airport is well connected with frequent City buses to the Central Bus Stand and Chatram Bus Stand, major terminals of the city. Central Bus stand located 7 km from the airport has all round bus connectivity to the entire state and scheduled service to neighbouring states of Kerala, Andhra and Karnataka. In addition to this exclusive buses were introduced to originate inside the airport premise destined to Karur, Thanjavur and Central Bus Stand.
The closest railway station is the Tiruchirappalli Junction railway station located at 7 km, has numerous passenger trains originating and passing through to nearby cities and towns all round the clock.
- Air Works has line maintenance facility to conduct transit checks on Airbus A320 type aircraft, which is the second one opened by them next to their Bangalore facility. It was opened on behalf of Singapore-based Scoot for its aircraft maintenance.
- The low-cost carrier Air India Express has an engineering stores complex for service and repairs of its aircraft. It would help quick turn around. Repair works could be carried out here. Initially four licensed engineers and eight technicians are posted to meet the service and repair requirements of the aircraft. The stores would have adequate spares and equipment.
Incidents and accidents
- A near-collision between an Indian Airlines aircraft bound for Madurai and Jet Airways flight from Thiruvananthapuram over Tiruchirappalli air space was averted around 1.14 pm on 5 Jun 2010 by timely alertness of the pilots of both the planes, together carrying 242 people. On nearing Tiruchirappalli airspace, the planes almost came close, but the IA pilot reduced altitude and brought the aircraft down while the Jet Airways pilot gained altitude to increase the gap between them.
- A major disaster was averted at Tiruchirappalli airport on 7 November 2011 when an Air India flight carrying 25 people from Chennai to Abu Dhabi was allegedly cleared for landing before a Jet Airways flight bound to Chennai with 65 passengers took off from the same runway. The landing was aborted at the last minute and the collision was averted.
Naming the airport
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- "Airports Authority of India". AAI. 23 January 2013. Archived from the original on 15 March 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
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- R Rajaram (2017-06-15). "Infrastructure ready for EDI facility at airport". The Hindu. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
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- "Airports Authority of India". AAI. 13 August 2010. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
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- "Committee formed for runway expansion at Trichy airport". Times of India. 2012-01-22. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
- R Rajaram (2017-05-10). "Airport runway expansion project set to take off". The Hindu. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
- "Land acquisition process gathers momentum". The Hindu. 2017-12-03. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
- "Airports Authority of India". AAI. archive.is. 20 April 2010. Archived from the original on 15 December 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
- Dennis Selvan (2013-10-10). "Defence ministry likely to transfer land for Trichy airport runway expansion". Times Of India. TNN. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
- "NOTICE INVITING e-TENDER (3 BOT - 3 Envelope Open Tender) (Tender Ref No: AAI/TRY/ENGG(C)/OPL SURVEY/17-18, Tender ID No.2017_AAI_4144_1)" (PDF). 2017-09-11. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
- Indigo https://www.goindigo.in/information/new-flights.html. Missing or empty
- "IndiGo to operate direct flights from Trichy to Kochi, Bengaluru". Times Of India.
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- "Air Works India Engineering Pvt. Ltd. Inaugurates its Line Maintenance facility at Trichy International Airport" (Press release). airworks.in. 4 January 2014. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
- "Line maintenance services for the aircraft". 2009-04-25. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
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- "Near-collision between two aircraft over Trichy averted". DNA. PTI. 2010-06-05. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
- "Major air collision averted in Trichy". NDTV. 2011-11-07. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
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- "Kalam nostalgia spurs book sales, biopic, online pleas". The Times Of India. 2015-08-01. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
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