VTech Laser 200
The VTech Laser 200, rebadged as a Dick Smith VZ200
|Release date||November 1983|
|Units sold||200,000 in Australia|
|Media||Cassette tape Disk drive|
|Operating system||BASIC V1.2|
|CPU||Zilog Z80A clocked at 3.58 MHz, Motorola 6847 video processor|
|Memory||6-22KB USER-RAM + 2KB VRAM, 16KB ROM|
|Display||32×16 (8 colors), 128×64 graphics (2 background, 3 foreground colors)|
|Input||45 key Keyboard|
|Dimensions||29 × 17 × 4cm|
|Predecessor||VTech Laser 110|
|Successor||VTech Laser 310|
The VTech Laser 200 was an early 8-bit home computer from 1983, also sold as the Salora Fellow (mainly in Fennoscandia, particularly Finland), the Texet TX8000 (in the United Kingdom) and the Dick Smith VZ 200 (in Australia and New Zealand).
The machine ran basic games on cassette such as "Hoppy" Frogger, "Cosmic Rescue" Scramble, "VZ Invaders" Space Invaders and Moon Patrol. The computer was discontinued in 1985 to make way for more advanced home computers.
At its UK launch, Texet claimed that the £98 TX8000-branded version was the cheapest colour home microcomputer on the market. However, this was not enough to ensure its success against the dominant ZX Spectrum and similar machines already on sale. Most notably, the Spectrum-like Oric-1 was selling for £99 at this point, and offered a far higher specification than the Texet for little difference in cost.
The "Dick Smith"-badged VZ 200 was more successful in Australia, where it proved popular as a first computer.
An improved version known as the VTech Laser 310, or the Dick Smith VZ 300 featured a full travel keyboard and 8K ROM software based Floppy Disk Controller, was released in 1985 and continued until 1989.
The Laser 200 was designed and built by Video Technology (VTech) in Hong Kong and derived from the Tandy TRS-80. Based on a Zilog Z80A CPU driven by a television colour burst crystal (3.5795454 MHz), it offered 16 KB of ROM containing Microsoft BASIC Level II, 8 kB RAM (2 kB of this is VRAM) and four-colour graphics at a resolution of 128×64 or 64×32, or 32 columns and 16 lines of eight-colour text. Because there is only 2 kB of VRAM, only one of the video display modes of the MC6847 Video Display Generator (VDG) chip is available, effectively disabling the higher resolution 256×192 mono colour mode. There were a few unofficial "mods" developed that increased the VRAM and enabled the 256×192 mode that the MC6847 was capable of, a number of programs where written (mainly) by German user groups that used this mod. Rather crude sound effects could be achieved by a built-in push/pull piezo speaker.
The BASIC interpreter was similar to that offered in the Video Genie but with many of the advanced BASIC commands disabled.
A number of emulators have since been written for these models of computers:
- MESS VZ/Laser emulation by Juergen Buchmueller and Dirk Best
- JEMU by Richard Wilson
- JVZ200 by James Tamer
- VZEM (Windows and DOS versions) by Guy Thomason
- Pocket VZ (for the Pocket PC) by Guy Thomason
- DSVZ200 - VZ300 & VZ200 emulation by Gavin Turner
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to VTech Laser computer.|
- DSVZ200 - VZ300 & VZ200 emulator
- VZEM - VZEM emulator
- JEMU - Java based VZ200 & VZ300 Emulator
- A contemporary review - from Your Computer, April 1983
- Laser Beams In At Just £70 - from Personal Computer News, August 18 1983
- The VZ200 - Tutorials and Programming
- A VZ200 Wiki - Information
- laser310 page