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Vagnfabriks Aktiebolaget i Södertälje
Industry Manufacturing
Fate Merged with Scania AB, to create AB Scania-Vabis
Founded 1891-1911
Headquarters Södertälje, Sweden
Products Trucks,
Railroad cars
Vabis Tonneau 1903
Vabis 2-Ton Truck 1909
Vabis 2S Limousine 1909

Vabis was a Swedish car and truck manufacturer, founded in 1891 as Vagnfabriks Aktiebolaget i Södertälje in municipality of Södertälje to produce railway cars.

The first Vabis automobile (though the name was not applied until after this)[1] was a four-seater designed by Gustaf Erikson in Surahammar[2] in 1897. Strongly resembling a contemporary carriage,[3] it used a one-cylinder kerosene engine, tiller steering,[3] and was not a success. Erikson replaced it with a tube-ignition four-stroke flat-twin in 1898, mounting it in a horse carriage, which he drove briefly.[2] He then joined Vagnfabrik AB at Södertälje, building cars. The first truck appeared in 1902.

Vabis merged with Maskinfabriks AB Scania in 1911, to create AB Scania-Vabis.

Many examples of Vabis, Scania and Scania-Vabis commercial and military vehicles can be seen at the Marcus Wallenberg-hallen (the Scania Museum) in Södertälje.


  1. ^ Georgano, G.N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1990), p.24 caption.
  2. ^ a b Georgano, G.N., p.24 caption.
  3. ^ a b Georgano, G.N., p.24 diagram.

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