Vaccaria

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Vaccaria
Illustration Vaccaria hispanica0.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
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Order:
Family:
Genus:
Vaccaria

Wolf
Species:
V. hispanica
Binomial name
Vaccaria hispanica
Synonyms

Saponaria hispanica Mill.
Saponaria vaccaria L.
Vaccaria pyramidata Medik.
Vaccaria segetalis (Neck.) Garcke ex Asch.
Vaccaria vaccaria (L.) Huth
Vaccaria vulgaris Host

Vaccaria is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the pink family containing the single species Vaccaria hispanica. It is known by several common names including cowherb, cowcockle, cow basil, cow soapwort, and prairie carnation. Its subspecies were previously treated as separate species.[1]

It is an annual herb with blue-gray, waxy herbage and pale pink flowers.

It is native to Eurasia but can be found in many other regions as an introduced species and a common weed.

The seeds of Vaccaria are used in Chinese medicine. This medicinal ingredient is known as Wang Bu Liu Xing. It is supposed to promote diuresis and milk secretion, activate blood circulation and relieve swelling.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Jepson Manual Treatment
  • USDA Plants Profile
  • "Vaccaria hispanica". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
  • Washington Burke Museum
  • Flora of Western Australia
  • Photo gallery