Vadim Kuzmin (physicist)
|Vadim Alexeevich Kuzmin|
|Native name||Вадим Алексеевич Кузьмин|
16 April 1937|
17 September 2015 (aged 78)|
|Alma mater||Moscow State University|
|Known for||GZK limit|
|Institutions||Institute for Nuclear Research|
Vadim Alexeevich Kuzmin (Russian: Вади́м Алексе́евич Кузьми́н; 16 April 1937 – 17 September 2015) was a Russian theoretical physicist.
Kuzmin completed his undergraduate studies in 1961 at Moscow State University and his PhD in 1971 at Lebedev Institute. He has been a member of the Institute for Nuclear Research in Moscow since its founding in 1970. There, he became a professor and chair of the department of particle astrophysics and cosmology. In 1987, he obtained the Russian doctoral title.
In the 1980s, he was a pioneer in the theory of elektroweak baryogenesis. In 1985, his influential work with Valery Rubakov and Mikhail E. Shaposhnikov estimated the rate of anomalous electroweak process that violated baryon-number conservation in the cosmic plasma of the early universe.
In neutrino physics, he proposed an experiment using gallium/germanium detectors to detect solar neutrinos. In 1970, he proposed neutron/antineutron oscillations as a possibility for observing violation of baryon number.
In 1970, he independently discovered the Sakharov conditions.
- V. A. Kuzmin; V. A. Rubakov; M. E. Shaposhnikov (1985-05-16). "On anomalous electroweak baryon-number non-conservation in the early universe". Physics Letters B. 155 (1–2): 36–42. Bibcode:1985PhLB..155...36K. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(85)91028-7.
- Zatsepin, G. T.; Kuz'min, V. A. (1966). "Upper Limit of the Spectrum of Cosmic Rays" (PDF). Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics Letters. 4: 78–80. Bibcode:1966JETPL...4...78Z.