Vahe Gurzadyan

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Vahe Gurzadyan
Гурзадян Ваагн Григорьевич6.jpg
Born (1955-11-21) 21 November 1955 (age 67)
Yerevan, Armenian SSR, USSR
Alma mater
Known forInformation panspermia, Gurzadyan-Savvidy relaxation, Gurzadyan theorem
Scientific career
FieldsMathematical physics

Vahagn "Vahe" Gurzadyan (Armenian: Վահագն Գուրզադյան; born 21 November 1955) is an Armenian mathematical physicist and a professor and head of Cosmology Center at Yerevan Physics Institute, Yerevan , Armenia, best known for co-writing "Concentric circles in WMAP data may provide evidence of violent pre-Big-Bang activity"[1] paper with his colleague, Roger Penrose, and collaborating on Roger Penrose's recent book Cycles of Time.

Gurzadyan was born in Yerevan, Armenia (then Soviet Union), graduated Yerevan State University (1977), postgraduate student in theoretical physics department, Lebedev Physics Institute, Moscow (1977–1980; 1980 PhD.), DSci in theoretical and mathematical physics (1988).

In 1989 he lectured on dynamical systems in four universities in Japan (Tokyo, Kyoto, Hiroshima, Fukui), and subsequently held visiting positions at the University of Sussex (1996–1997) and, since 2001, at Sapienza University of Rome. His father Grigor Gurzadyan, an Armenian astronomer pioneered space-based astronomy using satellites. His grandfather Ashkharbek Kalantar was a Russian Empire and Armenian archaeologist and historian, Fellow of Russian Imperial Archaeological Society and the keeper of the Asiatic Museum in St. Petersburg.[2]

Main research[edit]

The main topics of his research: chaos in non-linear systems, accretion onto massive black holes, stellar dynamics, observational cosmology.

Gurzadyan has papers predicting elliptical accretion disks formed in galactic nuclei at tidal disruption of stars near massive black holes;[3] the tidal mechanism currently is associated to the flares observed in AGN.[4]

He has shown (with Savvidy; Gurzadyan-Savvidy relaxation) the exponential instability (chaos) in spherical stellar systems and has derived the collective relaxation time.[5][6][7] He has formulated a list of 10 key problems in stellar dynamics[8][9] [10] He has proved a theorem (Gurzadyan theorem) on the most general functional form for the force satisfying the condition of identity of the gravity of the sphere and of a point mass located in the sphere's center. [11]

Cosmic microwave background indications for cosmic voids were obtained by Gurzadyan et al., including on the void nature of the Cold Spot,[12][13] confirmed by independent galaxy survey,[14] as of possibly largest known structure in the Universe.

Gurzadyan has suggested and initiated the use of Compton Edge method for high accuracy testing of the light speed isotropy and the Lorentz invariance at GRAAL experiment in European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (Grenoble); the obtained limit became a reference number for Special Relativity extension models.[15][16][17]

Other topics[edit]

Gurzadyan has invented[18] the concept of information panspermia which Webb[19] attributed as Solution 23 of Fermi Paradox. That concept includes the hypothesis that the Universe can be full of traveling extraterrestrial life streams as low-complexity compressed bit strings at von Neumann automata network. He has shown that human genome and hence the terrestrial life possess low Kolmogorov complexity and hence the corresponding bit strings can be transmitted by Arecibo-type antenna to Galactic distances.

Gurzadyan and Penrose discussed information panspermia[20] within the Conformal Cyclic Cosmology, and the cosmic microwave background radiation transferring information from pre-Big Bang aeon to ours.

He led a study with geneticists in Duke University introducing a new method to detect somatic mutations in genomic sequences,[21] in proposing bath-quantum system viewpoint on the relation of thermodynamic and cosmological arrows of time.[22]

Revealing the chronology of ancient world with astronomical dating[edit]

Gurzadyan's collaboration with archaeologists on the Chronology of the ancient Near East[23] and his analysis of the Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa and of lunar eclipses of 3rd dynasty of Ur led to the introducing of the Ultra-Low chronology of the 2nd-millennium ancient Near East.[24]

He identified the Halley's comet depicted on ancient coins of Armenian king Tigranes the Great, I c. BC. as the earliest known image of that comet[25] He revealed the observation of supernova SN 1054 (progenitor of Crab nebula) in Armenian medieval chronicle of Hetum (Hayton of Corycus) and Cronaca Rampona.[26]


Member of Euroscience Governing Board (elected in 1998, reelected in 2002). Chair of organizing committees of workshops such as "Ergodic Concepts in Stellar Dynamics", Geneva, 1993; "The Chaotic Universe", Rome, 1999; "Fermi and Astrophysics", Rome-Pescara, 2001; IX Marcel Grossmann meeting, Rome 2000, chair of 'Chaos' Parallel sessions at Marcel Grossmann Meetings, Jerusalem, 1997, Rome, 2000, Rio de Janeiro, 2003, Berlin, 2006. Paris, 2009. Co-editor of International Journal of Modern Physics D (World Scientific, 2000-2010), of The European Physical Journal Plus (Springer) and of book series 'Advances in Astronomy and Astrophysics' (Taylor & Francis, UK). Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society (UK).

Speaker at XXII Solvay conference on physics, keynote speaker at IXth Swiss Biennial on Science, Technics + Aesthetics on "The Large, The Small and the Human Mind", lecturer at Xth Brazilian School of Cosmology and Gravitation.


  1. ^ Gurzadyan, V.G.; Penrose, R. (2013). "On CCC-predicted concentric low-variance circles in the CMB sky". Eur. Phys. J. Plus. 128 (2): 22. arXiv:1302.5162. Bibcode:2013EPJP..128...22G. doi:10.1140/epjp/i2013-13022-4. S2CID 55249027.
  2. ^ "The Bust of Ashkharhbek Kalantar Was Placed at Ysu".
  3. ^ Gurzadyan, V.G.; Ozernoy, L.M. (1979). "Accretion on massive black holes in galactic nuclei". Nature. 280 (5719): 214–215. Bibcode:1979Natur.280..214G. doi:10.1038/280214a0. S2CID 4306883.
  4. ^ Komossa, S. (2015). "Tidal disruption of stars by supermassive black holes: Status of observations". J. High Energy Astrophys. 7: 148–157. arXiv:1505.01093. Bibcode:2015JHEAp...7..148K. doi:10.1016/j.jheap.2015.04.006. S2CID 119152755.
  5. ^ Gurzadyan, V.G.; Savvidy, G.K. (1986). "Collective relaxation of stellar systems". Astron. Astrophys. 160: 203. Bibcode:1986A&A...160..203G.
  6. ^ Gurzadyan, V.G.; Kocharyan, A.A. (2009). "Collective relaxation of stellar systems revisited". Astron. Astrophys. 505 (2): 625–627. arXiv:0905.0517. Bibcode:2009A&A...505..625G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200912218. S2CID 8011915.
  7. ^ Vesperini, E (1992). "Possible observational indication for Gurzadyan-Savvidy relaxation for globular clusters". Astron. Astrophys. 266 (1): 215. Bibcode:1992A&A...266..215V.
  8. ^ Gurzadyan, V. G (1994). "10 key problems in stellar dynamics: In retrospect". In V.G. Gurzadyan; D. Pfenniger (eds.). Ergodic Concepts in Stellar Dynamics. Lecture Notes in Physics. Vol. 430. Springer. pp. 281–291. arXiv:1407.0398. Bibcode:2014arXiv1407.0398G.
  9. ^ Eingorn, M. (2014). "Gurzadyan's Problem 5 and improvement of softenings for cosmological simulations using the PP method". Adv. High Energy Phys. 2014: 1–4. arXiv:1409.0220. Bibcode:2014arXiv1409.0220E. doi:10.1155/2014/903642.
  10. ^ Gurzadyan, V.G.; Harutyunyan, V.V.; Kocharyan, A.A. (2015). "A principal possibility for computer investigation of evolution of dynamical systems with independent on time accuracy". European Physical Journal C. 75 (6): 252. arXiv:1505.06741. Bibcode:2015EPJC...75..252G. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-015-3479-5. S2CID 53581660.
  11. ^ Gurzadyan, Vahe (1985). "The cosmological constant in McCrea-Milne cosmological scheme". The Observatory. 105: 42–43. Bibcode:1985Obs...105...42G.
  12. ^ Gurzadyan, V.G.; Kocharyan, A.A. (2009). "Porosity Criterion for Hyperbolic Voids and CMB". Astron. Astrophys. 493 (3): L61–63. arXiv:0807.1239. Bibcode:2009A&A...493L..61G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200811317. S2CID 55162500.
  13. ^ Gurzadyan, V.G.; et al. (2014). "To the center of cold spot with Planck". Astron. Astrophys. 566: A135. arXiv:1404.6347. Bibcode:2014A&A...566A.135G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201423565. S2CID 118519828.
  14. ^ Szapudi, I.; et al. (2015). "Detection of a supervoid aligned with the cold spot of the cosmic microwave background". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 450 (1): 288–294. arXiv:1405.1566. Bibcode:2015MNRAS.450..288S. doi:10.1093/mnras/stv488.
  15. ^ Gurzadyan, V. G.; Margarian, A. T. (1996). "Inverse compton testing of fundamental physics and the cosmic background radiation". Physica Scripta. 53 (5): 513–515. Bibcode:1996PhyS...53..513G. doi:10.1088/0031-8949/53/5/001.
  16. ^ Gurzadyan V.G.; et al. (2007). "Lowering the light speed isotropy limit: European Synchrotron Radiation Facility measurements". Il Nuovo Cimento B. 122 (5): 515. arXiv:astro-ph/0701127. Bibcode:2007NCimB.122..515G. doi:10.1393/ncb/i2007-10393-7. S2CID 15442487.
  17. ^ Gurzadyan, V.G.; Margaryan, A.T. (2018). "The light speed versus the observer: the Kennedy–Thorndike test from GRAAL-ESRF". Eur. Phys. J. C. 78 (8): 607. arXiv:1807.08551. Bibcode:2018EPJC...78..607G. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-6080-x. S2CID 119374401.
  18. ^ Gurzadyan, V.G. (2005). "Kolmogorov complexity, string information, panspermia and the Fermi paradox". Observatory. 125: 352–355. arXiv:physics/0508010. Bibcode:2005Obs...125..352G.
  19. ^ Webb, S. (2015). If the Universe Is Teeming with Aliens... Where Is Everybody?. New York: Springer. ISBN 978-3319132358.
  20. ^ Gurzadyan, V.G.; Penrose, R. (2016). "CCC and the Fermi paradox". Eur. Phys. J. Plus. 131: 11. arXiv:1512.00554. Bibcode:2016EPJP..131...11G. doi:10.1140/epjp/i2016-16011-1. S2CID 73537479.
  21. ^ Gurzadyan, V. G.; et al. (2015). "Detecting somatic mutations in genomic sequences by means of Kolmogorov–Arnold analysis". Royal Society Open Science. 2 (8): 150143. arXiv:1506.04080. Bibcode:2015RSOS....250143G. doi:10.1098/rsos.150143. PMC 4555851. PMID 26361546.
  22. ^ Allahverdyan, A.E.; Gurzadyan, V.G. (2002). "Arrows of Time and Chaotic Properties of the Cosmic Background Radiation". Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General. 35 (34): 7243–7254. arXiv:astro-ph/0210022. Bibcode:2002JPhA...35.7243A. doi:10.1088/0305-4470/35/34/301.
  23. ^ Gasche, H., Armstrong, J.A., Cole, S.W. and Gurzadyan, V.G., Dating the fall of Babylon: A Reappraisal of Second-millennium Chronology, University of Ghent and the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago,1998.
  24. ^ Gurzadyan V.G., "On the Astronomical Records and Babylonian Chronology", Akkadica, v.119-120, p.175 (2000); Gurzadyan V.G., [1] "The Venus Tablet and refraction.", Akkadica v.124, p.13 (2003); Gurzadyan V.G., [2] Astronomy and the Fall of Babylon, Sky & Telescope, v.100, No.1 (July), p.40 (2000); Gurzadyan V.G., Warburton D.A., [3] On the Available Lunar and Solar Eclipses and Babylonian Chronology, Akkadica, v.126, p.195 (2005).
  25. ^ Gurzadyan, V. G.; Vardanyan, R. (2004). "Halley's comet of 87 BC on the coins of Armenian king Tigranes?". Astronomy & Geophysics. 45 (4): 4.06. arXiv:physics/0405073. Bibcode:2004A&G....45d...6G. doi:10.1046/j.1468-4004.2003.45406.x. S2CID 119357985.
  26. ^ Gurzadyan, V.G. (2012). "The supernova of 1054 AD, the Armenian chronicle of Hetum, and Cronaca Rampona". Observatory. 132 (5): 338–339. arXiv:1207.3865. Bibcode:2012Obs...132..338G.

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