Vaidya (Sanskrit: वैद्य) is a Sanskrit word meaning "physician". It is also used unchanged in modern Indo-Aryan languages such as Hindi. It was and is used generally in India to refer to a person who practises ayurveda, an indigenous Indian system of medicine. Senior practitioners or teachers were called Vaidyarāja "physician-king" as a mark of respect.Some practitioners who had complete knowledge of the texts and were excellent at their practices were known as " Pranaacharya". Some royal families in India had a personal vaidya in attendance and these people were referred to as Rāja Vaidya "the king's physician"
In the classical text, Charaka Samhita ( Chapter 29 of Sutrasthana) the term Vaidya is classified into 2 types: 1. Pranabhisara Vaidya- the ones who protect the lives by curing diseases and exhibits complete knowledge theoretically ae well as practically. 2. Rogabhisara Vaidya-the ones who doesn't have complete knowledge and due to lack of knowledge danger the lives of patient.
Vaidya as a Surname
Vaidya is used as a last name in Maharashtra.
Notable people with the Vaidya Surname
- Chintaman Vinayak Vaidya
- Arun Shridhar Vaidya
- Lakshman Jagannath Vaidya
- Narayan Jagannath Vaidya
- Jalabala Vaidya
- Omi Vaidya
- Bhai Vaidya
- Baidya, a Bengali caste, also spelled Vaidya or Vaidhya
- Vaidyar, a professional surname in Kerala
- "Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Online Edition".
- "DSAL Hindi Dictionary".
- Ember, Carol R. Encyclopedia of medical anthropology: health and illness in the ... 2.
- Hutchison, Rose. Gazetteer of the Chamba State.
- Agrawal, S. P. Development/digression diary of India: 3D companion volume to Information ...