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Vaidya (Sanskrit: वैद्य) is a Sanskrit word meaning "physician".[1] It is also used unchanged in modern Indo-Aryan languages such as Hindi.[2] It was and is used generally in India to refer to a person who practises ayurveda, an indigenous Indian system of medicine.[3] Senior practitioners or teachers were called Vaidyarāja "physician-king" as a mark of respect.Some practitioners who had complete knowledge of the texts and were excellent at their practices were known as " Pranaacharya". Some royal families in India had a personal vaidya in attendance and these people were referred to as Rāja Vaidya "the king's physician"[4][5]

In the classical text, Charaka Samhita ( Chapter 29 of Sutrasthana) the term Vaidya is classified into 2 types: 1. Pranabhisara Vaidya- the ones who protect the lives by curing diseases and exhibits complete knowledge theoretically ae well as practically. 2. Rogabhisara Vaidya-the ones who doesn't have complete knowledge and due to lack of knowledge danger the lives of patient.

Vaidya as a Surname[edit]

Vaidya is used as a last name in Maharashtra.[citation needed]

Notable people with the Vaidya Surname[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Online Edition".
  2. ^ "DSAL Hindi Dictionary".
  3. ^ Ember, Carol R. Encyclopedia of medical anthropology: health and illness in the ... 2.
  4. ^ Hutchison, Rose. Gazetteer of the Chamba State.
  5. ^ Agrawal, S. P. Development/digression diary of India: 3D companion volume to Information ...