|Linguistic classification:||Northeast Caucasian
The Vainakh languages consist of the dialect continuum between the Chechen and Ingush languages, mainly spoken in the Russian republics of Chechnya and Ingushetia, as well as in the Chechen diaspora. Together with Bats it forms the Nakh branch of the Northeast Caucasian languages family.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Chechen–Ingush". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Zur Sprachgeschichte des Kaukasus (On the language history of the Caucasus), page 23.
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