Vaino Väljas

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Vaino Väljas
Vaino Väljas, endine Eesti NSV ja Eesti Vabariigi poliitik ning Nõukogude Liidu diplomaat 2013.jpg
Vaino Väljas, 2013
Leader of the Estonian Left Party
In office
25 March 1990 – 1 June 1995
Preceded byParty established
Succeeded byHillar Eller
First Secretary of the Communist Party of Estonia
In office
Preceded byKarl Vaino
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Personal details
Born (1931-03-28) 28 March 1931 (age 90)
Külaküla, Hiiumaa, Estonia
Political partyEstonian Left Party

Vaino Väljas (Russian: Ва́йно Ио́сипович Вя́льяс, romanizedVaino Iosipovich Vyalias; born 28 March 1931 in Külaküla, Hiiumaa) is a former Soviet and Estonian politician. He was the Chairman of the 6th Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR from 18 April 1963 to 19 March 1967, first secretary of communist party of Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic from 16 June 1988 to April 1990 and chairman of the party from April 1990 to August 1991.


Early life[edit]

He was born on 28 March 1931 in the First Republic. He became a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1952. In 1955, he graduated from Tartu State University (TSU).


In 1949, he began working at the Komsomol. From 1955 to 1961 he held the office of First Secretary of the Central Committee of the ELKNÜ. From 1961 to 1971, Väljas was First Secretary of the Tallinn City Committee of the Communist Party of Estonia. From 1971 to 1980, he was Secretary of the Central Committee of the EKP. Since Väljas was considered to have Estonian nationalist inclinations, he was removed from Estonia and appointed as the Soviet ambassador to Venezuela in 1980 and Nicaragua in 1986.

Leader of Soviet Estonia[edit]

As the Estonian independence movement gained momentum in 1988, the relatively liberal Väljas was recalled from Nicaragua and was appointed by Gorbachev as leader of the Communist Party of Estonia.[1] The Communist party lost its monopoly of power in February 1990. Väljas later voted for the Estonian Restoration of Independence in August 1991.[2]


Väljas was the leader of the former Communist party, renamed the Democratic Estonian Workers Party, until 1995.



  1. ^ "Estonia Gets Hope". Ellensburg Daily Record. Helsinki, Finland: UPI. 23 October 1989. p. 9. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  2. ^ Smith, Graham (2016-07-27). The Baltic States: The National Self-Determination of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Springer. ISBN 978-1-349-14150-0.
Political offices
Preceded by First Secretary of the Communist Party of Estonia
Succeeded by
Office abolished