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The Vajrasamadhi-sutra (Kr. Kumgang sammae kyong, C. Jingang sanmei jing, J. Kongō sanmaikyō 金剛三昧經), literally sutra of the "adamantine absorption",[1] is a Korean Chán-text ascribed to Shakyamuni Buddha.


According to Buswell, the Vajrasamadhi-sutra is regarded to be an "apocryphal scripture" written by a Korean monk around 685 CE.[2][3][4]


In the Vajrasamadhi-sutra, the Buddha lectures to an assembly of bodhisattvas, shravakas, arhats and all the various classes of beings which exist in the universe, on the subtlest doctrines concerning existence, nonexistence and perfect enlightenment.

The overall tone of the sutra is of repentance in order to purify karma and become a perfect Buddha. The leading intercolutors in the sutra are shravaka Ananda, bodhisattva Kshitigarbha, arhat Shariputra and the bodhisattva Cittaraja (mind-king).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Buswell, Robert Jr; Lopez, Donald S. Jr., eds. (2013). Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (Kumgang sammae kyong). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. pp. 453–454. ISBN 9780691157863. 
  2. ^ Gregory, Peter N. (1992). Review of: The Formation of Ch'an Ideology in China and Korea: The Vajrasamaadhisuutra, A Buddhist Apocryphon, by Robert E. Buswell, Jr., Philosophy East and West Vol.42 (1), 182-184
  3. ^ Robert E. Buswell (2007), Cultivating Original Enlightenment: Wonhyo's Exposition of the 'Vajrasamadhi-Sutra, University of Hawaii Press
  4. ^ Robert E. Buswell (1989), The Formation of Ch'an Ideology in China and Korea: The 'Vajrasamadhi-Sutra', a Buddhist Apocryphon. Princeton University Press

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