Val-de-Marne

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Val-de-Marne
Château de Vincennes
Flag of Val-de-Marne
Coat of arms of Val-de-Marne
Location of Val-de-Marne in France
Location of Val-de-Marne in France
Coordinates: 48°45′N 2°25′E / 48.750°N 2.417°E / 48.750; 2.417Coordinates: 48°45′N 2°25′E / 48.750°N 2.417°E / 48.750; 2.417
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
PrefectureCréteil
SubprefecturesL'Haÿ-les-Roses
Nogent-sur-Marne
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilOlivier Capitanio[1] (LR)
Area
 • Total245 km2 (95 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
 • Total1,407,124
 • Rank12th
 • Density5,700/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number94
Arrondissements3
Cantons25
Communes47
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Val-de-Marne (French pronunciation: [val də maʁn] (listen), "Vale of the Marne") is a department of France located in the Île-de-France region. Named after the river Marne, it is situated in the Grand Paris metropolis to the southeast of the City of Paris. In 2019, Val-de-Marne had a population of 1,407,124.[3]

Its INSEE and postcode number is 94.

Geography[edit]

Val-de-Marne is, together with Seine-Saint-Denis and Hauts-de-Seine, one of three small departments in Île-de-France that form a ring around Paris, known as the Petite Couronne ("inner ring"). Since 1 January 2016, Val-de-Marne is included in the Métropole du Grand Paris.

Petite couronne.png

Principal towns[edit]

The most populous commune is Vitry-sur-Seine; the prefecture Créteil is the second-most populous. As of 2019, there are 5 communes with more than 60,000 inhabitants:[3]

Commune Population (2019)
Vitry-sur-Seine 95,510
Créteil 93,246
Champigny-sur-Marne 76,990
Saint-Maur-des-Fossés 74,976
Ivry-sur-Seine 63,748

Administration[edit]

Val-de-Marne is made up of 3 departmental arrondissements and 47 communes:

Administrative map 94.png

History[edit]

Val-de-Marne was created in January 1968, through the implementation of a law passed in July 1964. Positioned to the south-east of the Paris ring road (and the line of the old city walls), it was formed from the southern-eastern part of the (previously much larger) Seine department, together with a small portion taken from the broken-up department of Seine-et-Oise.

Demographics[edit]

Population development since 1881:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1881161,607—    
1891213,706+2.83%
1901288,879+3.06%
1911386,073+2.94%
1921462,200+1.82%
1931657,322+3.58%
1936685,295+0.84%
1946672,024−0.20%
1954767,729+1.68%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1962974,962+3.03%
19681,121,319+2.36%
19751,215,713+1.16%
19821,193,655−0.26%
19901,215,538+0.23%
19991,227,250+0.11%
20061,298,340+0.81%
20111,333,702+0.54%
20161,378,151+0.66%
Sources:[4][5]

Place of birth of residents[edit]

Place of birth of residents of Val-de-Marne in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
79.3% 20.7%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.1% 3.3% 4.8% 10.5%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Politics[edit]

The president of the Departmental Council is Olivier Capitanio, elected in July 2021.

Presidential elections 2nd round[edit]

Election Winning Candidate Party % 2nd Place Candidate Party %
2022[6] Emmanuel Macron LREM 74.48 Marine Le Pen FN 25.52
2017[7] Emmanuel Macron LREM 80.32 Marine Le Pen FN 19.68
2012 François Hollande PS 56.48 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 43.52
2007 Ségolène Royal PS 50.20 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 49.80
2002[7] Jacques Chirac RPR 86.22 Jean-Marie Le Pen FN 13.78
1995[8] Jacques Chirac RPR 52.99 Lionel Jospin PS 47.01


Current National Assembly Representatives[edit]

Constituency Member[9] Party
Val-de-Marne's 1st constituency Frédéric Descrozaille La République En Marche!
Val-de-Marne's 2nd constituency Jean François Mbaye La République En Marche!
Val-de-Marne's 3rd constituency Laurent Saint-Martin La République En Marche!
Val-de-Marne's 4th constituency Maud Petit MoDem
Val-de-Marne's 5th constituency Gilles Carrez The Republicans
Val-de-Marne's 6th constituency Guillaume Gouffier-Cha La République En Marche!
Val-de-Marne's 7th constituency Jean-Jacques Bridey La République En Marche!
Val-de-Marne's 8th constituency Michel Herbillon The Republicans
Val-de-Marne's 9th constituency Isabelle Santiago Socialist Party
Val-de-Marne's 10th constituency Mathilde Panot La France Insoumise
Val-de-Marne's 11th constituency Albane Gaillot La République En Marche!

Tourism[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ a b Populations légales 2019: 94 Val-de-Marne, INSEE
  4. ^ "Historique du Val-de-Marne". Le SPLAF.
  5. ^ "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  6. ^ "Les résultats du second tour de l'élection présidentielle". 19 April 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Présidentielles".
  8. ^ "Résultats de l'élection présidentielle de 1995 par département - Politiquemania".
  9. ^ Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.

External links[edit]