|• Total||124.94 km2 (48.24 sq mi)|
|Elevation||737 m (2,418 ft)|
|• Density||85/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (Central European Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)|
Val-de-Travers is a municipality in the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland. It was created on 1 January 2009, when the former municipalities of Boveresse, Buttes, Couvet, Fleurier, Les Bayards, Môtiers, Noiraigue, Saint-Sulpice and Travers merged to form Val-de-Travers.
The region is known for its production of absinthe.
Val-de-Travers is first mentioned in 1150 as Vallis traversis.
Val-de-Travers has an area, as of 2009[update], of 124.9 square kilometers (48.2 sq mi). Of this area, 52.92 km2 (20.43 sq mi) or 42.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 63.24 km2 (24.42 sq mi) or 50.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 7.54 km2 (2.91 sq mi) or 6.0% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.59 km2 (0.23 sq mi) or 0.5% is either rivers or lakes and 0.39 km2 (0.15 sq mi) or 0.3% is unproductive land.
Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 2.5% and transportation infrastructure made up 2.5%. Out of the forested land, 46.8% of the total land area is heavily forested and 3.8% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 5.0% is used for growing crops and 23.9% is pastures and 13.4% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water.
The river L'Areuse (previous called La Reuse, the name morphed into Areuse), flows lengthways of the valley, most of this river is a shallow river, and about 10 meters wide, it narrows into a gorge near Noiraigue. Historically, this river provided much of the water and fish for the valley.
Val-de-Travers had a population (as of December 2020[update]) of 10,579. As of 2008[update], 18.0% of the population are resident foreign nationals. In the 10 years (2000–2010) the population decreased by 2.5%. Migration accounted for -1.8% whilst births and deaths accounted for -1.6%.
As of 2008[update] the population was 48.6% male and 51.4% female. The population was made up of 4,161 Swiss men (38.4% of the population) and 1,103 (10.2%) non-Swiss men. There were 4,677 Swiss women (43.2%) and 891 (8.2%) non-Swiss women.
Heritage sites of national significance
The Farm House no. 1201 or Monlési, the Maison des Chats or Petitpierre, the Séchoir à absinthe, Ivernois Castle and the Maison Boy de la Tour, the Hôtel des Six-Communes, the medieval church of St-Pierre, the Temple in Môtiers and Areuse Bridge are listed as Swiss heritage site of national significance. The villages of Buttes, Les Verrières, Môtiers, Couvet, Fleurier and Travers are all part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.
Séchoir à absinthe in Boveresse, this particular 'rocks' back and forth because of the wind, it creates a draft used to help dry the wormwood.
Ivernois Castle, Maison Boy de la Tour
Motiers-Hotel-Six-Communes, previously used to be a midway station, used to house stables and rooms amongst other services. Romans also used a location near the Six-Communes for the same purpose
As of 2010[update], Val-de-Travers had an unemployment rate of 6.6%. As of 2008[update], there were 322 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 139 businesses involved in this sector. 1,980 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 162 businesses in this sector. 2,188 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 374 businesses in this sector. There were residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity. Of the working population, 13.1% used public transportation to get to work, and 57.3% used a private car.
In the canton of Neuchâtel most municipalities provide two years of non-mandatory kindergarten, followed by five years of mandatory primary education. The next four years of mandatory secondary education is provided at thirteen larger secondary schools, which many students travel out of their home municipality to attend. During the 2010-11 school year, there were 10.5 kindergarten classes with a total of 198 students in Val-de-Travers. In the same year, there were 29 primary classes with a total of 528 students.
The municipality has seven railway stations. Two, Travers and Noiraigue, are located on the Neuchâtel–Pontarlier line with service to Neuchâtel and France. The other five are located on the Travers–Buttes line, which also servers Travers.
- Emer de Vattel (1714 in Couvet – 1767) an international lawyer
- Ferdinand Berthoud (1727 in Plancemont-sur-Couvet - 1807) a scientist and watchmaker
- Jonas de Gélieu (1740 in Les Bayards - 1827) a Swiss pastor and beekeeper
- Salomé de Gélieu (1742 in Les Bayards - 1820) a Swiss educator and governess to several members of princely courts in Europe
- Léo Lesquereux (1806 in Fleurier – 1889) a Swiss bryologist and a pioneer of American paleobotany
- Édouard Piaget (1817 in Les Bayards – 1910) a Swiss entomologist who specialised in lice
- Charles Édouard Guillaume (1861 in Fleurier – 1938) a Swiss physicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1920
- Édouard Bovet (1797 in Fleurier – 1849) a Swiss watchmaker and founder of the Bovet Fleurier watch company
- Denis de Rougemont (1906 in Couvet – 1985) a Swiss writer and cultural theorist
- Daniel Bovet (1907 in Fleurier – 1992) a Swiss-born Italian pharmacologist who won the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of drugs that block the actions of specific neurotransmitters
- Fritz Tschannen (1920 – 2011 in Val-de-Travers) a Swiss accordion player, former ski jumper who competed at the 1948 Winter Olympics and a conductor until 1999, when he retired to Fleurier
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- Statistical Department of the Canton of Neuchâtel Archived 14 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine Mémento de l'année scolaire 2010/2011 (in French) accessed 17 October 2011
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