Valac is a demon described in the goetic grimoires the Lesser Key of Solomon (in some versions as Ualac or Valac and in Thomas Rudd's variant as valak ), Johann Weyer's Pseudomonarchia Daemonum (as Volac), the Liber Officiorum Spirituum (as Coolor or Doolas), and in the Munich Manual of Demonic Magic (as Volach) as an angelically winged being riding a two-headed dragon, attributed with the power of finding treasures.
The Lesser Key, the Munich Burnich, Rudd, further agree in ranking Valac as a president and attributing him with the power to locate, summon, and control serpents. The Officium Spirituum similarly attributes Doolas with the power to give the summoner command of serpents as well as "household spirits," but it ranks Cooler and Doolas as princes instead of presidents.
Valac is listed 62nd in the Lesser Key (even by Rudd) and the 49th by Weyer, with either version claiming he leads 30 legions of demons (though some manuscripts say 38). The Munich Burnich describes Volach as controlling 27 legions of spirits. The Officium Spirituum (depending on the manuscript) ranks Coolor as either 21st (with no note of how many spirits he commands) or (in the copy found in the Folger Shakespeare Library) 22nd and commanding 13 legions of spirits. All extant and complete versions of the Officium Spirituum list Doolas as 25th demon, commanding 20 legions of spirits.
A manuscript titled Fasciculus Rerum Geomanticarum lists him as Volach.
In popular culture
- The 1998 film Vampires features a character named "Valak" as the first vampire.
- "Valac" appears in the Chilling Adventures of Sabrina comic book series. In issue #7, a young Edward Spellman, father of Sabrina Spellman, summons the demon at the request of Alphonse Louis Constant.
- "Ualac" appears in the Hellboy story "Box Full of Evil" as a major antagonist.
- The 2016 horror film The Conjuring 2 has "Valak" as the main antagonist, taking on the form of a demonic nun and The Crooked Man from the rhyme There Was a Crooked Man. However, the character bears no resemblance with myth besides the name. In the film's interpretation, the demon is associated with snakes, seeking human possession to escape its confinement within the Cartha monastery of Romania. The Nun would later have a cameo in the 2017 film Annabelle: Creation and receive its own spin-off films, The Nun, released on September 7, 2018, and The Crooked Man, still in development.
- Valac appears as the fourth boss in the game Bloodstained: Curse of the Moon for the Nintendo 3DS and PC. He is depicted as a two headed dragon that can fuse to make an even bigger dragon. He appears again in Bloodstained: Ritual of the Night.
- Valak appears also in the first season of Shadowhunters where it is summoned to retrieve Clary's memories back from it.
- The 2019 manga Welcome to Demon School! Iruma-kun has a main character named Clara Valac, a hyperactive demon girl who can make copies of anything she sees.
- Boudet, Jean-Patrice (2003). "Les who's who démonologiques de la Renaissance et leurs ancêtres médiévaux". Médiévales (in French) (44). Revues.org. Cite journal requires
- Kieckhefer, Richard (1997). Forbidden Rites: A Necromancer's Manual of the Fifteenth Century. University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 161. ISBN 0-271-01750-3.
- Peterson, Joseph H., ed. (2001). Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis: The Lesser Key of Solomon, Detailing the Ceremonial Art of Commanding Spirits Both Good and Evil;. Maine: Weiser Books. ISBN 1-57863-220-X.
- Porter, John (2011). Campbell, Colin D. (ed.). A Book of the Office of Spirits. Translated by Hockley, Frederick. Teitan Press. ISBN 0933429258.
- Porter, John; Weston, John (2015). Harms, Daniel; Clark, James R.; Peterson, Joseph H. (eds.). The Book of Oberon: A Sourcebook for Elizabethan Magic (first ed.). Llewellyn Publications. ISBN 978-0-7387-4334-9.
- Rudd, Thomas (2007). Skinner, Stephen; Rankine, David (eds.). The Goetia of Dr Rudd. Golden Hoard Press. ISBN 073872355X.
- Weyer, Johann (1563). Peterson, Joseph H. (ed.). Pseudomonarchia Daemonum (Liber officiorum spirituum). Twilit Grotto: Esoteric Archives (published 2000).