Nai (caste)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Valand)
Jump to: navigation, search
Nai/Nayee
Regions with significant populations
Almost all the states and union territories of India
Languages
Punjabi · Hindi · Telugu · Tamil · Kannada · Malayalam · Dravidian languages · Indo-Aryan languages
Religion
Khanda.svg SikhismOm.svg HinduismIslam

The Nai (or Valand in Gujarat) is a caste originating in India.[1][2] The members were traditionally occupied as barbers, although many have adopted the name Sharma that was historically the preserve of Brahmins.[3]

Distribution[edit]

In the state of Gujarat the Nais are referred by the name Valand. The Valand have several territorial divisions, such as the Soratia, Halai, Gohil, and Jalawadi. They are further divided into clans, called ataks, the main ones being the Vaghela, Parmar and Hanani. The Valand are endogamous and practice clan exogamy. They speak Gujarati and concentrated in the urban areas.[4][page needed][need quotation to verify]

The Nai community is listed as an Other Backward Class in various regions of India. These include:

Clans and divisions of the Valand[edit]

The Valand have several territorial divisions, such as the Soratia, Halai, Gohil, and Jalawadi. They are further divided into clans, called ataks, the main ones being the Jagatia, Solanki, Rathore, Vaghela, Parmar and Hanani. The Valand are endogamous and practice clan exogamy. They speak Gujarati and concentrated in the urban areas. The community are still essentially involved in the barbering trade, with a few rural Valand have taken up agriculture. A few were practitioners of Ayurvedic medicine.[29][full citation needed][need quotation to verify]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hasan, A.; Das, J. C. (eds.). People of India: Uttar Pradesh XLII. p. 1067. 
  2. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1415-1418
  3. ^ Atal, Yogesh. Sociology: A Study of the Social Sphere. Pearson Education India. p. 242. ISBN 978-8-13179-759-4. 
  4. ^ Lal, R. B.; Padmanabham, P. B. S. V.; Krishnan, G.; et al. (eds.). People of India: Gujarat. XXI, Part Three. pp. 1415–1418. 
  5. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/andhrapradesh.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/assam.pdf
  7. ^ Central List of OBCs for the State of Bihar (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. p. 2. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  8. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/chandigarh.pdf
  9. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/Chhattisgarh.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/dadarandnagarhaveli.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/damananddiu.pdf
  12. ^ Central List of OBCs for the State of Delhi (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. p. 3. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  13. ^ a b http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/goa.pdf
  14. ^ Central List of OBCs for the State of Gujarat (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. p. 5. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  15. ^ Central List of OBCs for the State of Haryana (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. p. 2. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  16. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/himachalpradesh.pdf
  17. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/jharkhand.pdf
  18. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/karnataka.pdf
  19. ^ Central List of OBCs for the State of Madhya Pradesh (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. p. 5. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  20. ^ Central List of OBCs for the State of Maharashtra (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. p. 4. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  21. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/orrisa.pdf
  22. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/puducherry.pdf
  23. ^ Central List of OBCs for the State of Punjab (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. p. 2. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  24. ^ Central List of OBCs for the State of Rajasthan (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. p. 2. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  25. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/tripura.pdf
  26. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/uttaranchal.pdf
  27. ^ Central List of OBCs for the State of Uttar Pradesh (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. p. 3. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  28. ^ http://www.ncbc.nic.in/Pdf/westbengal.pdf
  29. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1415-1418