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Location of Valcour Island in New York State
|Area||968 acres (392 ha):6|
|Length||2 mi (3 km)|
|Width||1 mi (2 km)|
|Highest elevation||148 ft (45.1 m)|
|Owner||New York State Department of Environmental Conservation|
Valcour Island is a 968-acre (3.92 km2):6 island in Lake Champlain in Clinton County, New York, United States. The island is mostly in the Town of Peru and partly in the Town of Plattsburgh, southeast of the City of Plattsburgh. It is within the boundaries of the Adirondack Park.
Valcour Island, about two miles (3.2 km) long and one mile (1.6 km) wide, lies by the western shore of Lake Champlain, forming one side of a narrow strait against the New York mainland. Its shores are alternately rocky, craggy outcroppings and sandy beaches. Several protected bays provide anchorages. The Bluff Point Light stands on the western shore. It guided boats through the narrow strait from 1871 until 1930 when it was replaced by a steel tower.
Valcour was the site of several farms and summer homes (and one short-lived utopian community) from the nineteenth century until the 1970s, when New York State completed its purchase of the island. The island is now within the Adirondack Park, and is managed by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation as the "Valcour Island Primitive Area".:6
- "Lake Champlain Islands Complex - Draft Unit Management Plan" (PDF). NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. August 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
- "Valcour Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
- "Chazy Fossil Reef". National Natural Landmarks Program. National Park Service. June 28, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
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