Valdis Dombrovskis

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Valdis Dombrovskis
Valdis Dombrovskis 2009.jpg
European Commissioner for the Euro and Social Dialogue, Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union
Assumed office
1 November 2014
PresidentJean-Claude Juncker
Preceded byJyrki Katainen (Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro)
11th Prime Minister of Latvia
In office
12 March 2009 – 22 January 2014
PresidentValdis Zatlers
Andris Bērziņš
Preceded byIvars Godmanis
Succeeded byLaimdota Straujuma
Minister of Finance
In office
7 November 2002 – 9 March 2004
Prime MinisterEinars Repše
Preceded byGundars Bērziņš
Succeeded byOskars Spurdziņš
Personal details
Born (1971-08-05) 5 August 1971 (age 47)
Riga, Latvian SSR, USSR (present day Latvia)
Political partyNew Era Party (2002–2011)
Unity (2011–present)
Spouse(s)Ārija Dombrovska
Alma materUniversity of Latvia
Riga Technical University
University of Maryland, College Park
Photo of Prime Minister of Latvia, Valdis Dombrovskis (left) and U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Philip H. Gordon (right)

Valdis Dombrovskis (born 5 August 1971) is a Latvian politician and the current European Commission Vice-President for the Euro and Social Dialogue, serving since November 2014. He served as Prime Minister of Latvia from 2009 until 2014, when he resigned.[1] He served as Minister of Finance from 2002 to 2004 and was a Member of the European Parliament for the New Era Party. Following the resignation of Jonathan Hill,[2] it was announced that Dombrovskis will take over the portfolio for Financial Stability, Financial Services and the Capital Markets Union from 16 July 2016.

Education and science career[edit]

Born in Riga to a family with Polish roots (the original Polish surname is Dąbrowski), Dombrovskis earned a bachelor's degree in economics for engineers from Riga Technical University in 1995 and a master's degree in physics from the University of Latvia in 1996.[citation needed] He worked as a laboratory assistant at the Institute of Physics of the University of Mainz in Mainz, Germany, from 1995 to 1996, as an assistant at the University of Latvia's Institute of Solid-State Physics in 1997, and as a PhD student at the A. James Clark School of Engineering at the University of Maryland, College Park for electrical engineering in 1998.[citation needed]

Political career[edit]

Career in national politics[edit]

In 2002 Dombrovskis became a board member of the New Era Party. He was Minister of Finance of Latvia from 2002 to 2004 and a Member of the Latvian Parliament during its 8th parliamentary term (2002–2004). Then he was Observer at the Council of the European Union (2003–2004).[citation needed]

Member of the European Parliament, 2004–2009[edit]

As Member of the European Parliament, Dombrovskis was a member of three European Parliament Committees: Committee on Budgets, Delegation to the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly, Delegation to the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly. He is also a Substitute at Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs, Committee on Budgetary Control and delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan, and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia.[citation needed]

Dombrovskis was also one of six Members of the European Parliament participating in the European Union's observer mission in Togo for the October 2007 Togolese parliamentary election.[3][citation needed]

Prime Minister of Latvia, 2009–2014[edit]

On 26 February 2009, following the resignation of Ivars Godmanis, President Valdis Zatlers nominated Dombrovskis to succeed Godmanis as Prime Minister.[1] It was believed that his government would consist of three of the four previously governing parties (all but Godmanis' LPP/LC), his own New Era Party, and a smaller right-wing party (the Civic Union); the government was approved on 12 March 2009.[4]

Dombrovskis resigned as Prime Minister on 27 November 2013 following the Zolitūde shopping centre roof collapse in which 54 people were killed. He announced that a new government is needed with strong support in the parliament after the tragedy, considering all related circumstances. His spokesman said that "the government takes political responsibility for the tragedy".[5] He denied the president had urged him to step down, stating that he had considered the decision for days and that the country needs government with strong support in parliament in the moment of crisis.[6]

Member of the European Commission, 2014–present[edit]

In February 2014, Dombrovskis officially lodged his application to be the candidate of the centre-right European People’s Party (EPP) for the presidency of the European Commission;[7] shortly after he withdrew his candidacy to endorse Jean-Claude Juncker instead.[8] The Latvian government later nominated Dombrovskis to be the country’s European Commissioner.[9]

Dombrovskis has been serving as European Commission Vice-President for the Euro and Social Dialogue since November 2014. From July 2016, he was also in charge of the financial services portfolio formerly overseen by British Commissioner Jonathan Hill, who resigned after the Brexit vote.[10] In addition, he has been serving as co-chair (since 2016 alongside Petteri Orpo) of the EPP Economic and Financial Affairs Ministers Meeting]], which gathers the center-right EPP ministers ahead of meetings of the Economic and Financial Affairs Council (ECOFIN).[11]

Following the 2019 European election, Dombrovskis was nominated by the coalition government of Prime Minister Arturs Krišjānis Kariņš for a second term as Latvia's European Commissioner.[12] He subsequently decided to relinquish the seat he won in the election; he was succeeded by Inese Vaidere.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dombrovskis chosen as Latvian PM". BBC News. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2009.
  2. ^ Rankin, Jennifer (25 June 2016). "UK's European commissioner quits in wake of Brexit vote". the Guardian. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Arrivée à Lomé des députés européens", Republicoftogo.com, 11 October 2007 ‹See Tfd›(in French). Archived 17 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ http://www.javno.com/en-world/latvia-government-named-differences-emerge_239733
  5. ^ Latvian government falls over Riga supermarket disaster, BBC News, 27 November 2013.
  6. ^ "Dombrovskis uzņemas atbildību par traģēdiju Zolitūdē - krīt valdība" (in Latvian). delfi.lv. 27 November 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  7. ^ Dombrovskis seeks EPP nomination for Commission presidency European Voice, February 19, 2014.
  8. ^ Dave Keating (March 6, 2014), Dombrovskis withdraws from EPP candidate race European Voice.
  9. ^ Andrew Gardner (June 5, 2014), Dombrovskis gets Latvia’s nod European Voice.
  10. ^ Jim Brunsden (June 30, 2016), Brexit gives Valdis Dombrovskis big sway over banks Financial Times.
  11. ^ Council of the EU and Ministerial meetings European People’s Party (EPP).
  12. ^ Bjarke Smith-Meyer (June 11, 2019), Latvia to send Dombrovskis back to Commission Politico Europe.
  13. ^ Bjarke Smith-Meyer (June 20, 2019), Dombrovskis gives up MEP seat to remain commissioner Politico Europe.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Gundars Bērziņš
Minister of Finance
2002–2004
Succeeded by
Oskars Spurdziņš
Preceded by
Ivars Godmanis
Prime Minister of Latvia
2009–2014
Succeeded by
Laimdota Straujuma
Preceded by
Andris Piebalgs
Latvian European Commissioner
2014–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Jyrki Katainen
as European Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro
European Commissioner for the Euro and Social Dialogue
2014–present
Preceded by
Jonathan Hill
European Commissioner for Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union
2016–present