|Country of origin||France|
|Source of milk||Goats|
|Texture||Soft cheese with flavoured rind|
|Aging time||Around 3 weeks|
|Certification||French AOC 1998|
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Distinctive in its truncated pyramidal shape, Valençay is an unpasteurised goat-milk cheese weighing 200–250 grams (7.1–8.8 oz) and around 7 cm (2.8 in) in height. Its rustic blue-grey colour is made by the natural molds that form its rind, then darkened with a dusting of charcoal. The young cheese has a fresh, citric taste, with age giving it a nutty taste characteristic of goat cheeses.
One apocryphal tale has it that Napoleon having returned from his disastrous campaigns in Egypt stopped at the castle at Valençay. Their local pyramidal cheese apparently aroused unpleasant memories as he alleged then cut the top off in fury with his sword leaving the shape that survives to the present.
The curd is drained and placed in a mould. After being removed it is covered with charcoal dust and left to ripen in a humid, ventilated room. Ripening lasts for three weeks during which time the characteristic external mould forms and the central pate - initially crumbly - softens.
The cheese is available between March and December, with peak manufacture between April and August.