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Valencia (Congress of Deputies constituency)

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Valencia
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Valencia).png
Location of Valencia within Spain
Province Valencia
Autonomous community Valencian Community
Population 2,543,315 (2016)
Electorate 1,946,046 (2016)
Major settlements Valencia, Torrent, Gandía, Paterna, Sagunto
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 15 (1977–1986)
16 (1986–2015)
15 (2015–2016)
16 (2016–)
Member(s)

Valencia (Valencian: València) is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency currently elects 16 deputies. Its boundaries correspond with those of the Spanish province of Valencia. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Electoral system[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of all political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 per 100 of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, dependant on the district magnitude.[4] Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][5][6][7]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure at least the signature of 1 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 per 100 and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure at least the signature of 0.1 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[5][7]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Valencia 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 1 7 5 1
1st 1979
2 7 6
2nd 1982
10 5
3rd 1986
9 1 1 5
4th 1989
1 8 1 2 4
5th 1993
2 6 1 7
6th 1996
2 6 1 7
7th 2000
1 6 9
8th 2004
1 7 8
9th 2008
7 9
10th 2011
1 1 4 1 9
11th 2015
5 3 2 5
12th 2016
5 3 2 6

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 482,855 34.02 +3.83 6 +1
Valencian style (PodemosCompromísEUPV)1 394,227 27.77 –4.02 5 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 285,732 20.13 +1.29 3 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 205,489 14.48 –0.65 2 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 18,994 1.34 +0.35 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,508 0.60 ±0.00
Total 1,419,521 100.00 16 +1
Valid votes 1,419,521 99.14 –0.06
Invalid votes 12,322 0.86 +0.06
Votes cast / turnout 1,431,843 73.58 –2.37
Abstentions 514,203 26.42 +2.37
Registered voters 1,946,046
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 442,578 30.19 –22.05 5 –4
It is time (PodemosCompromís)1 397,207 27.09 +21.06 5 +4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 276,188 18.84 –7.19 3 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 221,896 15.13 New 2 +2
United Left of the Valencian CountryPopular Unity in Common (EUPV–UPeC) 68,961 4.70 –2.07 0 –1
Blank ballots 8,747 0.60 –0.42
Total 1,466,154 100.00 15 –1
Valid votes 1,466,154 99.20 +0.29
Invalid votes 11,888 0.80 –0.29
Votes cast / turnout 1,478,042 75.95 +1.04
Abstentions 468,102 24.05 –1.04
Registered voters 1,946,144
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 743,604 52.24 +0.62 9 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 370,499 26.03 –14.17 4 –3
United Left of the Valencian CountryThe Greens: Plural Left (EUPV–EV) 96,417 6.77 +3.64 1 +1
Commitment CoalitionEquo (Compromís–Q)1 85,797 6.03 +4.70 1 +1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 84,394 5.93 +5.20 1 +1
Blank ballots 14,515 1.02 +0.20
Total 1,423,386 100.00 16 ±0
Valid votes 1,423,386 98.91 –0.40
Invalid votes 15,754 1.09 +0.40
Votes cast / turnout 1,439,140 74.91 –4.22
Abstentions 482,018 25.09 +4.22
Registered voters 1,921,158
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 770,413 51.62 +5.87 9 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 599,954 40.20 –1.99 7 ±0
United and Republican Left (EUPVIR) 46,683 3.13 –2.27 0 –1
BlocInitiativeGreens (BNV–IdPV–EV–EE) 19,826 1.33 –0.53 0 ±0
Blank ballots 12,279 0.82 –0.65
Total 1,492,553 100.00 16 ±0
Valid votes 1,492,553 99.31 –0.06
Invalid votes 10,318 0.69 +0.06
Votes cast / turnout 1,502,871 79.13 +1.45
Abstentions 396,392 20.87 –1.45
Registered voters 1,899,263
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 665,526 45.75 –4.72 8 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 613,833 42.19 +8.96 7 +1
United Left of the Valencian CountryRepublican Left (Entesa) 78,515 5.40 –1.12 1 ±0
Valencian Nationalist Bloc–Green Left (BNV–EV) 27,050 1.86 –1.08 0 ±0
Blank ballots 21,438 1.47 +0.27
Total 1,454,856 100.00 16 ±0
Valid votes 1,454,856 99.37 –0.02
Invalid votes 9,164 0.63 +0.02
Votes cast / turnout 1,464,020 77.68 +5.01
Abstentions 420,584 22.32 –5.01
Registered voters 1,884,604
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 677,860 50.47 +8.44 9 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 446,333 33.23 –3.75 6 ±0
United Left of the Valencian Country (EUPV) 87,633 6.52 –5.57 1 –1
Valencian Union (UV) 51,927 3.87 –1.75 0 –1
Valencian Nationalist BlocThe Greens–Valencians for Change (BNV–EV)1 39,520 2.94 +1.00 0 ±0
Blank ballots 16,128 1.20 +0.43
Total 1,343,042 100.00 16 ±0
Valid votes 1,343,042 99.39 –0.15
Invalid votes 8,177 0.61 +0.15
Votes cast / turnout 1,351,219 72.12 –9.44
Abstentions 522,228 27.88 +9.44
Registered voters 1,873,447
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 607,914 42.03 +4.18 7 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 534,847 36.98 –0.19 6 ±0
United Left of the Valencian Country (EUPV) 174,807 12.09 +0.67 2 ±0
Valencian Union (UV) 81,350 5.62 –1.91 1 ±0
Valencian People's UnionNationalist Bloc (UPV–BN) 16,850 1.16 –0.84 0 ±0
Blank ballots 11,175 0.77 +0.17
Total 1,446,390 100.00 16 ±0
Valid votes 1,446,390 99.54 +0.06
Invalid votes 6,731 0.46 –0.06
Votes cast / turnout 1,453,121 81.56 –0.25
Abstentions 328,598 18.44 +0.25
Registered voters 1,781,719
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 518,089 37.85 +13.62 7 +3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 508,819 37.17 –2.94 6 –2
United Left of the Valencian Country (EU–PV) 156,340 11.42 +1.53 2 +1
Valencian Union (UV) 102,999 7.53 –3.95 1 –1
Valencian People's Union (UPV) 27,429 2.00 –0.29 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 18,844 1.38 –5.09 0 –1
The Greens (LV) 14,403 1.05 –0.76 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,144 0.60 +0.10
Total 1,368,713 100.00 16 ±0
Valid votes 1,368,713 99.48 –0.07
Invalid votes 7,124 0.52 +0.07
Votes cast / turnout 1,375,837 81.81 +6.71
Abstentions 305,926 18.19 –6.71
Registered voters 1,681,763
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 481,268 40.11 –6.67 8 –1
People's Party (PP)1 290,711 24.23 –3.27 4 –1
Valencian Union (UV) 137,710 11.48 +6.36 2 +1
United LeftUnited Left of the Valencian Country (IU–EU) 118,706 9.89 +4.80 1 +1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 77,573 6.47 –1.82 1 ±0
Valencian People's Union (UPV) 27,515 2.29 –0.13 0 ±0
The Greens–Green List (LV–LV) 21,748 1.81 +1.41 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,020 0.50 +0.03
Total 1,199,875 100.00 16 ±0
Valid votes 1,199,875 99.55 +1.79
Invalid votes 5,370 0.45 –1.79
Votes cast / turnout 1,205,245 75.10 –1.85
Abstentions 399,670 24.90 +1.85
Registered voters 1,604,915
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 559,426 46.78 –6.54 9 –1
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 328,800 27.50 –1.89 5 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 99,175 8.29 +5.93 1 +1
Valencian Union (UV) 61,266 5.12 New 1 +1
United Left (IU)2 60,857 5.09 –0.20 0 ±0
Valencian People's Union (UPV) 28,973 2.42 +1.20 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 20,095 1.68 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,637 0.47 +0.09
Total 1,195,850 100.00 16 +1
Valid votes 1,195,850 97.76 +0.02
Invalid votes 27,403 2.24 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 1,223,253 76.95 –6.44
Abstentions 366,337 23.05 +6.44
Registered voters 1,589,590
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 635,522 53.32 +16.71 10 +3
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party–Valencian Union (APPDPUV)1 350,281 29.39 +25.03 5 +5
Communist Party of the Valencian Country (PCE–PV) 63,026 5.29 –8.17 0 –2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 52,768 4.43 –29.34 0 –6
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 28,111 2.36 New 0 ±0
Valencian People's Union (UPV)2 14,513 1.22 –0.06 0 ±0
New Force (FN)3 12,431 1.04 –1.50 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,552 0.38 +0.07
Total 1,191,845 100.00 15 ±0
Valid votes 1,191,845 97.74 –0.98
Invalid votes 27,549 2.26 +0.98
Votes cast / turnout 1,219,394 83.39 +8.58
Abstentions 242,814 16.61 –8.58
Registered voters 1,462,208
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 394,813 36.61 –5.41 7 –1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 364,175 33.77 +2.78 6 +1
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 145,141 13.46 +3.63 2 +1
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 47,017 4.36 –1.23 0 –1
National Union (UN)3 27,447 2.54 +1.05 0 ±0
Valencian Regional Union (URV) 15,694 1.46 New 0 ±0
Nationalist Party of the Valencian Country (PNPV) 13,828 1.28 New 0 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh)4 11,774 1.09 +0.59 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,308 0.31 +0.14
Total 1,078,478 100.00 15 ±0
Valid votes 1,078,478 98.72 –0.26
Invalid votes 13,991 1.28 +0.26
Votes cast / turnout 1,092,469 74.81 –9.91
Abstentions 367,815 25.19 +9.91
Registered voters 1,460,284
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Valencia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 395,211 36.59 7
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 334,705 30.99 5
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 106,133 9.83 1
People's Alliance (AP) 60,410 5.59 1
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 58,654 5.43 1
Christian Democratic Team of the Spanish State (FDCUDPV) 34,788 3.22 0
Socialist Party of the Valencian Country (PSPV) 27,411 2.54 0
National Alliance July 18 (AN18) 14,275 1.32 0
National Association for the Study of Actual Problems (ANEPA–CP) 12,738 1.18 0
Blank ballots 1,870 0.17
Total 1,080,031 100.00 15
Valid votes 1,080,031 98.98
Invalid votes 11,168 1.02
Votes cast / turnout 1,091,199 84.72
Abstentions 196,782 15.28
Registered voters 1,287,981
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  5. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 

Coordinates: 39°20′N 0°50′W / 39.333°N 0.833°W / 39.333; -0.833