Valencia County, New Mexico

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Valencia County
Valencia County Courthouse in Los Lunas
Valencia County Courthouse in Los Lunas
Map of New Mexico highlighting Valencia County
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°43′N 106°48′W / 34.72°N 106.8°W / 34.72; -106.8
Country United States
State New Mexico
FoundedJanuary 9, 1852
Named forValencia, New Mexico
SeatLos Lunas
Largest villageLos Lunas
Area
 • Total1,068 sq mi (2,770 km2)
 • Land1,066 sq mi (2,760 km2)
 • Water2.1 sq mi (5 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total76,569
 • Density72/sq mi (28/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districts1st, 2nd
Websitewww.co.valencia.nm.us

Valencia County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 76,569.[1] The county seat is Los Lunas.[2]

Valencia County is included in the Albuquerque, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The county was a significant bellwether region that held the longest record for predicting presidential election winners until 2020.

History[edit]

The county, which was formerly much larger in area, lost almost 81 percent of its territory on 19 June 1981, upon the creation of Cibola County, which occupies the westernmost portion of Valencia County's former area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,068 square miles (2,770 km2), of which 1,066 square miles (2,760 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.2%) is water.[3] It is the second-smallest county in New Mexico by area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Other protected areas[edit]

  • Whitfield Wildlife Conservation Area, est. 2003

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
191013,320
192013,7953.6%
193016,18617.3%
194020,24525.1%
195022,48111.0%
196039,08573.9%
197040,5393.7%
198061,11550.8%
199045,235−26.0%
200066,15246.2%
201076,56915.7%
2019 (est.)76,688[4]0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[9] there were 66,152 people, 22,681 households, and 17,350 families living in the county. The population density was 62 people per square mile (24/km2). There were 24,643 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 66.5% White, 1.3% Black or African American, 3.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 23.9% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. 55.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,681 households, out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 30.1% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,099, and the median income for a family was $37,157. Males had a median income of $30,339 versus $23,132 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,747. About 13.5% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census, there were 76,569 people, 27,500 households, and 19,967 families living in the county.[10] The population density was 71.8 inhabitants per square mile (27.7/km2). There were 30,085 housing units at an average density of 28.2 per square mile (10.9/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 73.2% white, 3.8% American Indian, 1.4% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 17.0% from other races, and 4.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 58.3% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 10.9% were German, 6.7% were English, 6.1% were Irish, and 4.2% were American.[12]

Of the 27,500 households, 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.4% were non-families, and 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.18. The median age was 37.7 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,044 and the median income for a family was $48,767. Males had a median income of $41,511 versus $32,584 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,955. About 15.7% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.7% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Education[edit]

Valencia County has two school districts: Belén Consolidated Schools and Los Lunas Public Schools.[14]

Notable people[edit]

  • Bo Diddley lived in Valencia County from 1971 to 1978, while continuing his musical career. He served for two and a half years as a deputy sheriff in the Valencia County Citizens' Patrol; during that time he purchased and donated three highway-patrol pursuit cars. He occasionally played local dances.
  • Brian Reynolds Myers, lived in Valencia County during the late 1990s[15]

Politics[edit]

Valencia County once held the longest active streak of voting for the winner of U.S. presidential elections, breaking for the nationwide winner in every presidential election from 1952 to 2016.[16] In 2020, both it and Vigo County, Indiana broke their streaks dating back to the 1950s (since 1956 in Vigo) by selecting Donald Trump over eventual winner Joe Biden, leaving Clallam County, Washington, whose streak extends back to 1980, as the holder of longest-running presidential bellwether.[17] Before 1952, its record is less reliable; the only other Democratic president it voted for was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936.

United States presidential election results for Valencia County, New Mexico[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 17,364 53.80% 14,263 44.19% 650 2.01%
2016 13,215 47.89% 10,841 39.29% 3,536 12.82%
2012 12,825 46.25% 13,511 48.73% 1,392 5.02%
2008 13,136 45.45% 15,366 53.17% 397 1.37%
2004 14,474 55.64% 11,270 43.33% 268 1.03%
2000 10,803 50.54% 9,819 45.93% 755 3.53%
1996 7,779 41.95% 9,169 49.44% 1,597 8.61%
1992 6,305 37.60% 7,495 44.70% 2,968 17.70%
1988 7,874 51.80% 7,136 46.95% 190 1.25%
1984 8,474 60.32% 5,393 38.39% 182 1.30%
1980 11,177 58.39% 6,886 35.97% 1,079 5.64%
1976 7,851 47.43% 8,566 51.75% 136 0.82%
1972 8,239 56.09% 6,110 41.60% 339 2.31%
1968 5,676 47.51% 5,513 46.15% 758 6.34%
1964 3,950 33.60% 7,757 65.98% 50 0.43%
1960 4,929 41.16% 7,043 58.81% 4 0.03%
1956 4,663 56.74% 3,547 43.16% 8 0.10%
1952 3,810 53.47% 3,310 46.46% 5 0.07%
1948 3,280 52.67% 2,914 46.80% 33 0.53%
1944 2,765 52.88% 2,461 47.06% 3 0.06%
1940 3,436 50.83% 3,318 49.08% 6 0.09%
1936 2,941 46.75% 3,336 53.03% 14 0.22%
1932 3,263 59.25% 2,229 40.48% 15 0.27%
1928 3,500 79.87% 881 20.10% 1 0.02%
1924 3,183 78.01% 678 16.62% 219 5.37%
1920 2,839 74.59% 951 24.99% 16 0.42%
1916 1,540 79.50% 383 19.77% 14 0.72%
1912 1,263 77.25% 231 14.13% 141 8.62%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

Specific
  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 19, 2001. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 19, 2019.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  12. ^ "DP02 Selected Social Characteristics in the United States – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  13. ^ "DP03 Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  14. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Valencia County, NM" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 4, 2022. - Text list
  15. ^ "How Dare He! Reviled Critic Gets the Last Word - WSJ". Archived from the original on June 14, 2019. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  16. ^ Alberta, Tim. "This Place Has Picked Every President Since 1952. Is Its Streak About to End?". POLITICO.
  17. ^ Reid J. Epstein (November 8, 2020), "A county in Washington claims the title for the longest streak of picking presidential winners.", The New York Times
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
General

Coordinates: 34°43′N 106°48′W / 34.72°N 106.80°W / 34.72; -106.80