Valencian Art Nouveau

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Sanctuary of Holy Maria Magdalena, in Novelda (Alicante).
Central Market, in Alicante.
General Post Office of Valencia.
Palace of the Valencian Regional Exposition, in Valencia, 1908.
Casa del Pavo, in Alcoy (Alicante).
General post office building in Castellón.
Building de Les Cigonyes, in Castellón.
Villaescusa building, in Orihuela (Alicante).
Casa d'Escaló, in Alcoy (Alicante).
Art Nouveau library of the Circulo Industrial de Alcoy, in Alcoy (Alicante).
Casa del Punto de Gancho, in Valencia.
Poster of the Valencian Regional Exhibition of 1909, work of Vicente Climent Navarro.

Valencian Art Nouveau (Spanish for modernismo valenciano, Valencian modernisme valencià), is the historiographic denomination given to an art and literature movement associated with the Art Nouveau in the Valencian Community, in Spain.

Its main form of expression was in architecture, but many other arts were involved (painting, sculpture, etc.), and especially the design and the decorative arts (cabinetmaking, carpentry, forged iron, ceramic tiles, ceramics, etc.), which were particularly important, especially in their role as support to architecture.

Although Art Nouveau was part of a general trend that emerged in Europe around the turn of the 20th century, in the Valencian Community the trend acquired its own unique personality in the context of spectacular urban and industrial development. It is equivalent to a number of other fin de siècle art movements going by the names of Art Nouveau in France and Belgium, Jugendstil in Germany, Sezession in Austria-Hungary, Liberty style in Italy and Modern or Glasgow Style in Scotland.

The Valencian Art Nouveau was active in the Valencian Community from roughly 1899 (art nouveau reform of the Glorieta Park in Alcoy) to 1917. The Modernisme movement in the Valencian Community is best known for its architectural expression, especially in the works of the architects Demetrio Ribes Marco and Francisco Mora Berenguer in Valencia or Vicente Pascual Pastor and Timoteo Briet Montaud in Alcoy, but was also significant in sculpture and painting. Notable art nouveau painters include Fernando Cabrera Cantó, Francisco Laporta Valor, Emilio Sala, Adolfo Morrió and Edmundo Jordá. A notable art nouveau sculptor was Lorenzo Ridaura Gosálbez.

On the other hand, there are several Valencian populations who form part of the Art Nouveau European Route,[1]an association of local governments and non-governmental institutions for the international promotion and protection of Art Nouveau heritage. It is the case of Alcoy,[2]Novelda[3]and Sueca.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Early 20th century architecture in Valencian Community was strongly influenced by European Art Nouveau. The Valencian Art Nouveau takes place in different cities or areas, inside of a context of great industrial, economic and urban development: Alcoy and Valencia, by number of works, will be the main Valencian cities where much more was developed the art nouveau architecture. Novelda, Alicante, Burriana, Castellón de la Plana or Sueca are other cities with important examples of Valencian Art Nouveau architecture.

With Valencian local architects, all of them formed in Barcelona or Madrid and contemporaries to the Catalan Modernism and to the Art Nouveau of Madrid, but that exercised the main part of his career in the Valencian Community, the Valencian Art Nouveau will receive a special architectural relevancy in different Valencian cities.[5]

The Mercado Central (English: Central Market) in Valencia, one of the largest in Europe, covers more than 8,000 square metres, over two floors, with a predominantly Valencian Art Nouveau style. Its unusual roof comprises original domes and sloping sections at different heights, while the interior seems to be lined in a range of materials such as iron, wood, ceramics and polychromed tiles. The beauty of the building stands out especially on account of the light that enters through the roof at various points, and through coloured window panels.[6]

The Estación del Norte (English: North Station) is the main railway station in Valencia located in the city centre next to the Plaza de Toros de Valencia. It was declared Good of Cultural Heritage in 1987.

The Mercado de Colón (English: Columbus Market) is a public market located in the city center of Valencia. The building was designed by the Valencian architect Francisco Mora Berenguer between 1914 and 1916. This is a clear example of Valencian Art Nouveau architecture of the early century. It was declared a national monument. It impresses with its extraordinary facade and lavish decor.[7]

Main buildings of the Valencian Art Nouveau[edit]

Between the works of the Valencian modernisme stand out:

Province of Alicante[edit]

Alcoy:

Alicante:

  • Mercado Central de Alicante
  • Casa Carbonell
  • Casa del Ascensor
  • Edificio Torrent
  • Casa Campos Carrera
  • Casa de las Brujas

Novelda:

  • Santuario de Santa María Magdalena
  • Art Nouveau House-Museum, work of Pedro Cerdán (1900-1904).
  • Centro Cultural Gómez-Tortosa
  • Casa Mira

Orihuela:

  • Casa Villaescusa
  • Teatro Circo
  • Lonja de Orihuela
  • Plaza Nueva
  • Centro Cultural Miguel Hernández
  • Templete de Música
  • Casa de San Gregorio
  • Casa Raimundo
  • Edificio clínica de los Santos Médicos

Villena:

  • Chapí Theatre

Province of Castellón[edit]

Benicarló:

  • Casa Bosch

Burriana

Castellón de la Plana:

  • Edificio de Correos de Castellón
  • Edificio de Les Cigonyes
  • Edificio Academia la Purísima
  • Edificio Dávalos
  • Transformador de Viuda de Estela

Vinaròs

  • Casa Giner
  • Casa Sendra

Province of Valencia[edit]

Alzira:

  • Almacén de los hermanos Peris Puig

Carcaixent

  • Almacén de José Ribera

Gandia

  • Palacete París
  • Teatro Serrano

Sueca:

  • Asilo de ancianos de Sueca
  • Ateneo Suecano del Socorro

Valencia:

  • North Station
  • Central Market of Valencia
  • Mercado de Colón
  • Light fountain of the Exposición Regional Valenciana
  • Bridge of the Exposición Regional Valenciana 1909
  • Edificio de Correos
  • Palacio de la Exposición de Valencia
  • Hospital asilo de San Juan de Dios
  • Edificio Ferrer
  • Casa del Punto de Gancho
  • Edificio Monforte
  • Edificio Sánchez de León
  • Casa de los Dragones
  • Casa Ordeig
  • Casa Ortega
  • Edificio Chapa
  • Edificio Gómez I
  • Edificio Gómez II
  • Edificio Grau
  • Palacete de Ayora
  • Edificio Francisco Sancho
  • Edificio Suay
  • Casa Noguera
  • Casa Tarín
  • Casa Boldún
  • Hotel Reina Victoria
  • Casa Peris
  • Edificio Aznar
  • Edificio Bolinches
  • Hotel Palace
  • Casa de las Golondrinas
  • Edificio Cortina
  • Casa de Salvador Llop
  • Edificio Olympia
  • Industria Lanera Valenciana
  • Edificio de Tabacalera
  • Balneario de la Alameda
  • Convento de Santa Clara
  • Central Eléctrica de Nou Moles
  • Cinematógrafos Caro
  • Tinglados del Puerto de Valencia
  • Edificio del Reloj
  • Casa-Museo de Blasco Ibáñez, etc.

Xàtiva:

  • Edificio Botella

Valencian Art Nouveau architects[edit]

The main architects of the Valencian Art Nouveau movement by each city are:

Province of Alicante[edit]

Province of Castellón[edit]

Province of Valencia[edit]

  • Alzira: Emilio Ferrer Gisbert
  • Gandia: Víctor Beltrí
  • Sueca: Buenaventura Ferrando Castells
  • Valencia: Francisco Mora Berenguer, Demetrio Ribes Marco, José María Manuel Cortina Pérez, Antonio Martorell Trilles, Vicente Ferrer Pérez, Emilio Ferrer Gisbert, Pelegrín Mustieles Cano, Manuel Peris Ferrando, Alexandre Soler, Francesc Guàrdia i Vial, Enrique Viedma Vidal, Manuel García Sierra, Vicente Rodríguez Martín, Ramón Lucini Callejo, Luis Ferreres Soler, Vicente Sancho Fuster, Carlos Carbonell Pañella, Lucas García Cardona, Francisco Almenar Quinzá, etc.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Benito Goerlich, Daniel (1992). Arquitectura modernista valenciana (in Spanish/Valencian). Valencia: Fundación Bancaja. p. 273. ISBN 8487684157. 

External links[edit]