Valencian nationalism

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Valencian nationalist flag

Valencian nationalism (Valencian: Nacionalisme valencià; IPA: [nasionaˈlizme valensiˈa]) or Valencianism (Valencian: Valencianisme) is a political movement in the Land of Valencia, Spain.

It advocates the promotion and recognition of the Valencian language, culture and the political sovereignty of the Land of Valencia.[1] As an ideology, it has had varying levels of social and political influence since the nineteenth century, contributing to the consolidation of self-government in the Valencian Community as a political entity tracing its origins to the Ancient Kingdom of Valencia.[2] Sometimes Catalan-nationalist groups[3] are also included under the name of Valencian nationalism, as some Valencian nationalists see the Land of Valencia as part of the Catalan nation.[4]

Historically, Valencianism originates in the 19th century as a cultural movement during the Renaixença, a period of time where intellectuals tried to recover the culture status for the Valencian language after centuries of diglossia and the suppression of the Kingdom of Valencia under Bourbon absolutism with initiatives like the Floral Games held by Lo Rat Penat. Scissions from this association would be the first political organisations of the Valencianism, appeared at the beginning of the 20th century.[2] The symbolical birthdate of Valencianism is considered to be 1902, when Faustí Barberà reads De regionalisme i valentinicultura.[5][6] One of the first milestones for Valencianism would be the Declaració Valencianista made in 1918, although it was not until the Second Spanish Republic that Valencianism would achieve certain political influence and a climate prone to achieve a Statute of Autonomy.[2] With the creation of Francoist Spain, the Valencianist tradition was repressed[7] and Valencian regionalism was dissolved[2] and instrumentalised in Spain.[8] In the 1960s Joan Fuster i Ortells emerged as a referent of a modern Valencianism, the Fusteranism[9][10] that broke with the discourse of the regionalism allowed by the state.[8] The importance given by the Fusteranists to the cultural and linguistic unity of the Catalan Countries, concept that became central in his proposal,[1] would explain the emergence of the blaverism, an anti-Catalanist Valencian regionalism.[11]


  1. ^ a b Bodoque 2011, p. 20.
  2. ^ a b c d El valencianisme polític del segle XX i el País Valencià del segle XXI, Vicent Flor i Moreno a DDAA (2009). 90 anys de la declaració valencianista (PDF). València: ACV Tirant lo Blanc.
  3. ^ Iborra, Josep (1995). La trinxera literària, 1974–1990: estudis sobre literatura catalana al País Valencià. Universitat de València. p. 200. ISBN 8478266267.
  4. ^ Bodoque 2011, p. 54.
  5. ^ Cucó Giner, Alfons. "Los nacionalismos periféricos: el caso valenciano". El siglo de los nacionalismos (PDF) (in Spanish). pp. 2–9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 June 2012.
  6. ^ Bonells, Jordi; Frau, Manuel (2001). Les Nationalismes espagnols (1876–1978) (in French). Éditions du Temps. pp. 121–122. ISBN 978-2-84274-182-2.
  7. ^ Sanchis i Llàcer 2012, p. 118.
  8. ^ a b Archilés Cardona 2012, p. 36-38.
  9. ^ Flor 2015, p. 23.
  10. ^ Archilés Cardona 2012, p. 32-33.
  11. ^ Archilés Cardona, Ferran. "La identitat valenciana a l'època contemporània: una perspectiva històrica". In Vicent Flor i Moreno (ed.). Nació i identitats, pensar el País Valencià. Valencià. pp. 32–38.