Valencian nationalism

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Valencian nationalism (Valencian: Nacionalisme valencià; IPA: [nasionaˈlizme valensiˈa]) or Valencianism (Valencian: Valencianisme) is a political movement in the Land of Valencia, Spain.

It advocates to maintain and promote the recognition of the linguistic, cultural and political personality of the Land of Valencia.[1] As an ideology, it has been a part of the Valencian society during more than 100 years, with an unsettled social and political incidence, contributing to the political conception of the Ancient Kingdom of Valencia and being an active part in the reivindication and consolidation of the self-government in the Valencian Community.[2] Under the meaning of Valencian nationalism have also been included sometimes groups that should be considered Catalan nationalism,[3] because they understand that the nation of the Valencians are the Catalan Countries.[4]

Historically, Valencianism originates in the 19th century as a cultural movement during the Renaixença, a period of time where intellectuals tryied to recover the culture status for the Valencian-Catalan language after centuries of diglossia and the suppression of the Kingdom of Valencia under borbonical absolutism with initiatives like the Floral Games held by Lo Rat Penat. Scissions from this association would be the first political organisations of the Valencianism, appeared at the beginning of the 20th century.[2] The symbolical birthdate of Valencianism is considered to be 1902, when Faustí Barberà reads De regionalisme i valentinicultura.[5][6] One of the first milestones for Valencianism would be the Declaració valencianista made in 1918, although it wasn't until the Second Spanish Republic that Valencianism would not achieve certain political influence and a climate prone to achieve a Statute of Autonomy.[2] With the Francoist dictatorship, the Valencianist tradition is repressed[7] and the Valencian regionalism gets dissolved[2] and instrumentalised by the regime.[8] In the 1960s appears Joan Fuster i Ortells as a referent of a modern Valencianism, the Fusteranism[9][10] that breaks with the discourse of the regionalism allowed by the regime.[8] The importance given by the Fusteranists to the cultural and linguistic unity of the Catalan Countries, concept that becames central in his proposal,[1] would explain the arisal of the blaverism, an anti-catalanist Valencian regionalism.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bodoque 2011, p. 20.
  2. ^ a b c d El valencianisme polític del segle XX i el País Valencià del segle XXI, Vicent Flor i Moreno a Template:Ref-book
  3. ^ Template:Ref-book
  4. ^ Bodoque 2011, p. 54.
  5. ^ Template:Ref-llibre
  6. ^ Template:Ref-llibre
  7. ^ Sanchis i Llàcer 2012, p. 118.
  8. ^ a b Archilés Cardona 2012, p. 36-38.
  9. ^ Flor 2015, p. 23.
  10. ^ Archilés Cardona 2012, p. 32-33.
  11. ^ Template:Ref-llibre

Bibliography[edit]